Joseph Haydn

Born 31 March 1732. Died 31 May 1809
Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe
Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

(Franz) Joseph Haydn (31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely, and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a tutor of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

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Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto in E flat, Hob VIIe
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Trumpet Concerto in E flat, Hob VIIe

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Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.104 in D major (1)
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Symphony No.104 in D major (1)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 44 in E minor, 'Trauer'
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Symphony No 44 in E minor, 'Trauer'
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.45 in F Sharp Minor “Farewell” – Finale: Presto - Adagio
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Symphony No.45 in F Sharp Minor “Farewell” – Finale: Presto - Adagio

Symphony No.45 in F Sharp Minor “Farewell” – Finale: Presto - Adagio

Performer
Capella Istropolitana, Barry Wordsworth (Conductor)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.90 in C, Finale
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Symphony No.90 in C, Finale

Symphony No.90 in C, Finale

Performer
City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle (Conductor)
Joseph Haydn
The Creation (Part one, Representation of Chaos)
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The Creation (Part one, Representation of Chaos)

The Creation (Part one, Representation of Chaos)

Performer
City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle (Conductor)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in C major, H XV 21 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio in C major, H XV 21 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 92 in G major, 'Oxford' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 92 in G major, 'Oxford' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 101 in D major, 'The Clock' (1st mvt)
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Symphony No 101 in D major, 'The Clock' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Concerto in D major, H XVIII 2 (3rd mvt)
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Keyboard Concerto in D major, H XVIII 2 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 64 No 5, 'The Lark' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 64 No 5, 'The Lark' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E flat major, H.15.10
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Piano Trio in E flat major, H.15.10
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No 14 in C major, H XVI 3
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Piano Sonata No 14 in C major, H XVI 3
Joseph Haydn
String quartet in D minor, Op.103
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String quartet in D minor, Op.103
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in E flat Hob,XVI/52
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Sonata in E flat Hob,XVI/52
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in C Minor Hob.XVI/20
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Sonata in C Minor Hob.XVI/20
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in E major, H.15.28 (1st mvt)
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Piano Trio in E major, H.15.28 (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in A flat Major, Hob. XVI:46
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Sonata in A flat Major, Hob. XVI:46
Joseph Haydn
Quartet in E flat major Op.20`1 for strings
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Quartet in E flat major Op.20`1 for strings
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G Op. 33 no. 5 'How do you do?'
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String Quartet in G Op. 33 no. 5 'How do you do?'
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento in D major
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Divertimento in D major
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.49 in F minor (Hob.1.49) "La Passione"
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Symphony No.49 in F minor (Hob.1.49) "La Passione"
Joseph Haydn
Quartet in D major Op.20`4 for strings
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Quartet in D major Op.20`4 for strings
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C major, Op 33 No 3, 'Bird' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in C major, Op 33 No 3, 'Bird' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Te Deum in C major, H XXIIIc 2
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Te Deum in C major, H XXIIIc 2
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C major, Op 33 No 3, 'The Bird' (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in C major, Op 33 No 3, 'The Bird' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in C Hob XVI: 50
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Sonata in C Hob XVI: 50
Joseph Haydn
Nelson Mass (Missa in Angustiis) Hob XXII:11 - Kyrie
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Nelson Mass (Missa in Angustiis) Hob XXII:11 - Kyrie
Joseph Haydn
The heavens are telling (The Creation)
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The heavens are telling (The Creation)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 59 in A major, 'Fire' (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 59 in A major, 'Fire' (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet No. 64 in D major (Op.76 No.5)
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String Quartet No. 64 in D major (Op.76 No.5)
Joseph Haydn
Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (1st mvt)
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Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento for 2 flutes and cello (H.4.1) in C major "London trio" no.1
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Divertimento for 2 flutes and cello (H.4.1) in C major "London trio" no.1
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 44 in E minor H.1.44 (Trauer)
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Symphony no. 44 in E minor H.1.44 (Trauer)
Joseph Haydn
The Representation of Chaos (The Creation)
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The Representation of Chaos (The Creation)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 87 in A major (4th mvt)
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Symphony No. 87 in A major (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat, Op 76 No 6
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String Quartet in E flat, Op 76 No 6
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op 64 No 4 in G major (4th mvt)
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String Quartet Op 64 No 4 in G major (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 1 in D major
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Symphony No 1 in D major
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.53 in D major 'L'impériale' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No.53 in D major 'L'impériale' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no.4 (H.1.4) in D major
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Symphony no.4 (H.1.4) in D major

Symphony no.4 (H.1.4) in D major

Orchestra
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
Joseph Haydn
Violin Concerto in C Hob.VIIa:1 - I. Allegro moderato
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Violin Concerto in C Hob.VIIa:1 - I. Allegro moderato
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major H.2.46 arr. for wind quintet
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Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major H.2.46 arr. for wind quintet
Joseph Haydn
Violin Concerto in G Major, Hob. VIIa:4: I. Allegro moderato
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Violin Concerto in G Major, Hob. VIIa:4: I. Allegro moderato
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 50 No 6, 'The Frog' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 50 No 6, 'The Frog' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.104 in D major "London" (H.1.104)
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Symphony No.104 in D major "London" (H.1.104)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in C major, Op. 76 no. 3 'Emperor': III. Menuetto: Allegro
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String Quartet in C major, Op. 76 no. 3 'Emperor': III. Menuetto: Allegro
Joseph Haydn
Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, H.I.105 (3rd mvt)
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Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, H.I.105 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 97 in C major Hob.I:97 (1792)
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Symphony No. 97 in C major Hob.I:97 (1792)
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