Joseph Haydn

Composer. Born 31 March 1732. Died 31 May 1809
Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe
Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

Franz Joseph Haydn ( (listen); 31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely, and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a tutor of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

Joseph Haydn
Canzonettas - Recollection
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Canzonettas - Recollection

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Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in C major, Hob.15.27
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Piano Trio in C major, Hob.15.27
Joseph Haydn
Violin Concerto in G, Hob. VIIa:4
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Violin Concerto in G, Hob. VIIa:4
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No. 50 in D major Hob. XVI:37
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Piano Sonata No. 50 in D major Hob. XVI:37
Joseph Haydn
The Seven Last Words of our Saviour on the Cross, Hob XX:1b; Sonata I, Largo
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The Seven Last Words of our Saviour on the Cross, Hob XX:1b; Sonata I, Largo
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G msjor (Op.64/4) Finale: Presto
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String Quartet in G msjor (Op.64/4) Finale: Presto
Joseph Haydn
String quartet in B flat major, Op.1`1 "La Chasses" (3rd mvt)
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String quartet in B flat major, Op.1`1 "La Chasses" (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String quartet in D minor, Op.103
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String quartet in D minor, Op.103
Joseph Haydn
Sonata for piano (H.XVI.33) in D major [Allegro; Adagio; Tempo di menuetto]
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Sonata for piano (H.XVI.33) in D major [Allegro; Adagio; Tempo di menuetto]
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto no. 2 in D major H.7b.2: 3rd movement; Rondo
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Cello Concerto no. 2 in D major H.7b.2: 3rd movement; Rondo
Joseph Haydn
The Creation: Heavens are telling
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The Creation: Heavens are telling
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 76 No 5 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 76 No 5 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 88 In G Largo
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Symphony No. 88 In G Largo
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D, Op. 64 No. 5 'The Lark' (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in D, Op. 64 No. 5 'The Lark' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet No 30 in E flat Op 33'2 Hob. iii:38 'Joke'
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String Quartet No 30 in E flat Op 33'2 Hob. iii:38 'Joke'
Joseph Haydn
Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII:13 (Schöpfungsmesse): Kyrie, Gloria
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Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII:13 (Schöpfungsmesse): Kyrie, Gloria
Joseph Haydn
The Creation, Part II: Nos 10-14
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The Creation, Part II: Nos 10-14
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 104 in D major, Hob I:104 (London) (4th movement)
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Symphony No 104 in D major, Hob I:104 (London) (4th movement)
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto in E flat major Hob VIIe No 1 (1st movement)
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Trumpet Concerto in E flat major Hob VIIe No 1 (1st movement)
Joseph Haydn
Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII:14 (Harmoniemesse): Agnus Dei, Dona nobis pacem
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Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII:14 (Harmoniemesse): Agnus Dei, Dona nobis pacem
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B flat major, Op 76 No 4, 'Sunrise' (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in B flat major, Op 76 No 4, 'Sunrise' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
The Creation, Part II: Mit Würd' und Hoheit angetan
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The Creation, Part II: Mit Würd' und Hoheit angetan
Joseph Haydn
Mass in C major, Hob XXII No 9 (Paukenmesse): Credo
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Mass in C major, Hob XXII No 9 (Paukenmesse): Credo
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio No 39 in G major, Hob XV No 25 (Gypsy Rondo)
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Piano Trio No 39 in G major, Hob XV No 25 (Gypsy Rondo)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 100 in G major (Military): ii. Allegretto
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Symphony No 100 in G major (Military): ii. Allegretto
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in C Hob XVI: 50
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Sonata in C Hob XVI: 50
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento for 2 flutes and cello in C major , Hob.4.1, 'London trio' No 1
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Divertimento for 2 flutes and cello in C major , Hob.4.1, 'London trio' No 1
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B flat major, Op 64 No 3
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String Quartet in B flat major, Op 64 No 3
Joseph Haydn
Arianna a Naxos, Hob XXVIb No 2: 'Dove sei'
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Arianna a Naxos, Hob XXVIb No 2: 'Dove sei'
Joseph Haydn
Mass in F major Hob XXII, No 1 (Missa Brevis a due soprani)
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Mass in F major Hob XXII, No 1 (Missa Brevis a due soprani)
Joseph Haydn
Stabat Mater, Hob XXbis (Sancta Mater)
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Stabat Mater, Hob XXbis (Sancta Mater)
Joseph Haydn
Mass in G major, Hob XXII No 6: Missa Sancti Nicolai (Agnus Dei)
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Mass in G major, Hob XXII No 6: Missa Sancti Nicolai (Agnus Dei)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio No 17 in F major, Hob XV No 2
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Piano Trio No 17 in F major, Hob XV No 2
Joseph Haydn
Organ Concerto in C major, Hob XVIII No 1
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Organ Concerto in C major, Hob XVIII No 1
Joseph Haydn
Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 14 Harmoniemesse (Credo)
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Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 14 Harmoniemesse (Credo)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 6 in D major (H.1.6) "Le Matin"
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Symphony No 6 in D major (H.1.6) "Le Matin"
Joseph Haydn
Sonata in E-flat major Hob.XVI:52 (4th mvt)
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Sonata in E-flat major Hob.XVI:52 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 14 Harmoniemesse (Sanctus, Benedictus)
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Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 14 Harmoniemesse (Sanctus, Benedictus)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in B minor Op 64 No 2
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String Quartet in B minor Op 64 No 2
Joseph Haydn
Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 12 Theresienmesse (Kyrie, Gloria)
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Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 12 Theresienmesse (Kyrie, Gloria)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 94 in G major (Surprise): ii. Andante
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Symphony No 94 in G major (Surprise): ii. Andante
Joseph Haydn
Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 14. Harmoniemesse (Kyrie, Gloria)
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Mass in B flat major, Hob XXII: 14. Harmoniemesse (Kyrie, Gloria)
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto in D (3rd mvt)
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Cello Concerto in D (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony no. 47 'The Palindrome'
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Symphony no. 47 'The Palindrome'
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet Op. 76 No. 5 In D Largo
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String Quartet Op. 76 No. 5 In D Largo
Joseph Haydn
The Seven Last Words of Christ on the Cross (Sonata 1)
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The Seven Last Words of Christ on the Cross (Sonata 1)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat major, Op 71 No 3 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in E flat major, Op 71 No 3 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No 39 in D major, H XVI 24
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Piano Sonata No 39 in D major, H XVI 24
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