Joseph Haydn

Born 31 March 1732. Died 31 May 1809
Joseph Haydn
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1732-03-31
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/c130b0fb-5dce-449d-9f40-1437f889f7fe
Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn Biography (BBC)

Joseph Haydn, the son of a wheelwright from Rohrau in Lower Austria, spent nearly all of his creative life in the service of one noble family, the Esterházys, and yet became the most famous and revered composer of his time.

Holed up either in Eisenstadt or at Eszterháza, the family pile in Hungary, Haydn was ‘forced to become original’ – or so he claimed. His 60-year career, though, reflects the early development of both the symphony and the string quartet, and he was active in all other genres, from sacred music to opera, from piano trios to solo sonatas.

Haydn’s greatest achievements are his 104 numbered symphonies and 68 string quartets. He was pivotal in bringing the symphony out of the salon and into the concert hall; those numbered in the 40s and 50s show him straining at the boundaries of symphonic protocol and those in the 80s, 90s and 100s (especially the sets composed for Paris and London) lead the way to the high- Classical style of Beethoven. Having virtually invented the string quartet, he showed how it could become the perfect forum for musical argument and equality.

A busy composer for the stage throughout the 1760s and 1770s, Haydn abandoned operatic composition after hearing Mozart’s operas of the 1780s. And although he considered the Masses of his younger brother, Michael, to be superior to his own, the series of six late Masses composed for the name-day of Princess Maria Hermenegild Esterházy are among the finest of all church works. These Masses, the last 20 or so symphonies and the two great oratorios from the turn of the 19th century, The Creation and The Seasons, represent the peak of Haydn’s art.

But this is only part of the story. Haydn also excelled in piano sonatas, chamber music and concertos for a variety of instruments; his are the most substantial contributions to the repertoires of such rare instruments as the baryton and the lira organizzata.

In addition, while astonishing audiences on his triumphant visits to London in the 1790s, he made nearly 400 arrangements of English, Scottish and Welsh folk songs.

However, the Europe-wide fame he enjoyed during his lifetime has not endured, and he is still less well-loved by today’s concert-goers (or concert-programmers maybe) than Mozart. Perhaps this is because he did not live fast and die romantically young – so there is no Haydnesque equivalent of Amadeus to plead his case.

What is not in doubt is that his innovations and developments in 18th-century music guarantee ‘Papa’ Haydn a unique place in music history.

Profile by David A. Threasher © BBC

Joseph Haydn Biography (Wikipedia)

(Franz) Joseph Haydn (31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio. His contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet".

Haydn spent much of his career as a court musician for the wealthy Esterházy family at their remote estate. Until the later part of his life, this isolated him from other composers and trends in music so that he was, as he put it, "forced to become original". Yet his music circulated widely, and for much of his career he was the most celebrated composer in Europe.

He was a friend and mentor of Mozart, a teacher of Beethoven, and the older brother of composer Michael Haydn.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Joseph Haydn Performances & Interviews


Joseph Haydn Tracks

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Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 20 No 4 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, H I 105 (3rd mvt)
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Sinfonia Concertante in B flat major, H I 105 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Trio in E flat major (H.15.10) for keyboard and strings
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Trio in E flat major (H.15.10) for keyboard and strings
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat, Hob.III:31 ('Sun')
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String Quartet in E flat, Hob.III:31 ('Sun')
Joseph Haydn
Allegretto from String Quartet in D Major, Op. 76 No. 5
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Allegretto from String Quartet in D Major, Op. 76 No. 5
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 43 in E flat major, Hob.1.43, 'Mercury'
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Symphony No 43 in E flat major, Hob.1.43, 'Mercury'
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'Joke' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'Joke' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in A Major, Hob. XV:18: I. Allegro moderato
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Piano Trio in A Major, Hob. XV:18: I. Allegro moderato
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No. 60 in C Hob XVI:50 (first movement)
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Piano Sonata No. 60 in C Hob XVI:50 (first movement)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'The Joke' - 1st movement, Allegro moderato cantabile
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String Quartet in E flat major, Op 33 No 2, 'The Joke' - 1st movement, Allegro moderato cantabile
Joseph Haydn
Fantasia in C major H.17.4
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Fantasia in C major H.17.4
Joseph Haydn
Quartet for strings no.50 (Op.64 No.3) (Hob.III:67) in B flat major
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Quartet for strings no.50 (Op.64 No.3) (Hob.III:67) in B flat major
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No.40 in G major Hob XVI: 40
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Piano Sonata No.40 in G major Hob XVI: 40
Joseph Haydn
Symphonie Parisienne No. 82 en Ut Majeur, Hob. I:82 "L'Ours"
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Symphonie Parisienne No. 82 en Ut Majeur, Hob. I:82 "L'Ours"
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI:40: II. Presto
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Piano Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI:40: II. Presto
Joseph Haydn
Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major, H.2.46
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Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major, H.2.46

Divertimento 'Feldpartita' in B flat major, H.2.46

Music Arranger
Harold Perry
Ensemble
Academic Wind Quintet
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 82 in C major, H.1.82 (The Bear) (Finale - Vivace)
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Symphony No 82 in C major, H.1.82 (The Bear) (Finale - Vivace)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 6 in D major (H.1.6) "Le Matin"
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Symphony No 6 in D major (H.1.6) "Le Matin"
Joseph Haydn
The Creation
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The Creation
Joseph Haydn
Trumpet Concerto in E flat major, H.7e.1 (3rd mvt)
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Trumpet Concerto in E flat major, H.7e.1 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Keyboard Concerto in D major, H XVIII 2 (3rd mvt)
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Keyboard Concerto in D major, H XVIII 2 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D minor Op. 42
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String Quartet in D minor Op. 42
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major (Op.77 No.1)
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String Quartet in G major (Op.77 No.1)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 93 in D major (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 93 in D major (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 64 No 5, 'The Lark' (1st mvt)
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String Quartet in D major, Op 64 No 5, 'The Lark' (1st mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 39 in G minor
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Symphony No 39 in G minor
Joseph Haydn
Die Feuersbrunst (Overture)
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Die Feuersbrunst (Overture)
Joseph Haydn
Piano Sonata No 62 in E flat major, H XVI 52 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Sonata No 62 in E flat major, H XVI 52 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major, Op 77 No 1 (3rd mvt)
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String Quartet in G major, Op 77 No 1 (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in E flat major, Op 71 No 3 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in E flat major, Op 71 No 3 (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Fantasia in C major, Hob.XVII:4
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Fantasia in C major, Hob.XVII:4
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in D major, Op 33 No 6
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String Quartet in D major, Op 33 No 6
Joseph Haydn
2 Marches for wind band
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2 Marches for wind band
Joseph Haydn
Quartet in F minor Op 20 No 5, 2nd Mvt, Menuetto Trio
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Quartet in F minor Op 20 No 5, 2nd Mvt, Menuetto Trio
Joseph Haydn
Cello Concerto in D major, Hob. 7b:2
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Cello Concerto in D major, Hob. 7b:2
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.104, 'London' Third movement, Menuetto-Allegro
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Symphony No.104, 'London' Third movement, Menuetto-Allegro
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No.73 in D major 'La Chasse', H.1.73
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Symphony No.73 in D major 'La Chasse', H.1.73
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
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Piano Trio in G major, H XV 25, 'Gypsy' (3rd mvt)
Joseph Haydn
Trio for keyboard and strings H.15.28 in E major
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Trio for keyboard and strings H.15.28 in E major
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in G minor, Op 74 No 3, 'Rider' (4th mvt)
Joseph Haydn
String Quartet in G major, Op 54 No 1
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String Quartet in G major, Op 54 No 1
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in A Major, Hob. XV:18
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Piano Trio in A Major, Hob. XV:18
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in A major H.15.18
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Piano Trio in A major H.15.18
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in G major, Hob XV:25
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Piano Trio in G major, Hob XV:25
Joseph Haydn
Piano Trio in D major, H.15.8
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Piano Trio in D major, H.15.8
Joseph Haydn
Piano trio in C major Hob XV:27
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Piano trio in C major Hob XV:27
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No. 26 in D minor, 'Lamentatione', H.1.26
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Symphony No. 26 in D minor, 'Lamentatione', H.1.26
Joseph Haydn
Symphony No 6 in D major, 'Le matin'
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Symphony No 6 in D major, 'Le matin'
Joseph Haydn
Representation of Chaos (from 'The Creation')
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Representation of Chaos (from 'The Creation')
Joseph Haydn
Violin Concerto No 1 in C major
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Violin Concerto No 1 in C major
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