Claude Debussy

Born 22 August 1862. Died 25 March 1918
Claude Debussy
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1862-08-22
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Claude Debussy

Claude Debussy Biography (BBC)

Charting Debussy’s education tells us little about his roots. His rebellion against his teacher’s admonishment of his delight in a series of ‘forbidden’ harmonies resulted in his conclusion that ‘mon plaisir’ was the only rule: individuality and hedonism were all that mattered. His real teachers were close friends, lovers (sometimes), literature of many sorts and, perhaps, painting.

In his youth he was introduced to contemporary French poetry – particularly that of Banville, Verlaine and Mallarmé – through a relationship with an older woman. From song-writing he moved on to cantatas such as La damoiselle élue, a setting of a poem by the English Pre-Raphaelite poet-painter Rossetti. Debussy’s one outstanding operatic venture, Pelléas et Mélisande, occupied him for much of the 1890s, but in this decade he also deepened his ability to parallel the work of contemporary poets, both in songs and in the purely orchestral Prélude à L’après-midi d’un faune.

Another side of his output has often been compared to Impressionist painting. But the painter whose work is closer to Debussy’s ideas was James McNeill Whistler, whose series of works entitled Nocturnes may be connected to the composer’s orchestral triptych of 1897–9.

Never complacent and always seeking new challenges in every aspect of composition, in the new century he would turn to the evocation of entirely different places. Most celebrated is his only piece that resembles a symphony: La mer. It captures not only the sounds and rhythms of the sea, but also the changing weather and time of day. Further exploits – including the orchestral Images – would take Debussy to Spain.

Alongside these masterpieces of orchestral evocation, Debussy also developed a highly personal piano style. Perhaps the first piece to show a marked difference from his earlier piano music was the first piece from the two books of Images for piano, ‘Reflets dans l’eau’. Its rippling arpeggios, bathed in pedal, pioneered a new Impressionist piano style.

In the two books of Préludes for piano Debussy showed the infinite variety of his imagination. Enigmatically printed with the titles at the end rather than at the beginning, almost all the pieces have some kind of extramusical association: perhaps with a place, or a literary idea. The sequel to the Préludes was a set of pieces with no associations other than to themselves: a set of 12 piano Études.

Among the composer’s last works, the ballet Jeux is regarded as a highlight, and of the six planned late sonatas only three were written. Of the three unwritten sonatas, that for the extraordinary combination of oboe, horn and harpsichord must rank among the most lamented of planned works never to have reached fruition.

Profile © Richard Langham Smith

Claude Debussy Biography (Wikipedia)

Achille-Claude Debussy (22 August 1862 – 25 March 1918) was a French composer. He was seen, during his lifetime and afterwards, as the first Impressionist composer, although he vigorously rejected the term. He was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Born to a family of modest means and little cultural involvement, Debussy showed enough musical talent to be admitted at the age of ten to France's leading music college, the Conservatoire de Paris. He originally studied the piano, but found his vocation in innovative composition, despite the disapproval of the Conservatoire's conservative professors. He took many years to develop his mature style, and was nearly 40 before achieving international fame in 1902 with the only opera he completed, Pelléas et Mélisande.

Debussy's orchestral works include Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (1894), Nocturnes (1897–99) and Images (1905–1912). His music was to a considerable extent a reaction against Wagner and the German musical tradition. He regarded the classical symphony as obsolete and sought an alternative in his "symphonic sketches", La mer (1903–1905). His piano works include two books of Préludes and two of Études. Throughout his career he wrote mélodies based on a wide variety of poetry, including his own. He was greatly influenced by the Symbolist poetic movement of the later 19th century. A small number of works, including the early La Damoiselle élue and the late Le Martyre de saint Sébastien have important parts for chorus. In his final years he focused on chamber music, completing three of a planned six sonatas for different combinations of instruments.

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Claude Debussy Performances & Interviews


Claude Debussy Tracks

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Claude Debussy
Afternoon of a Faun
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Afternoon of a Faun
Claude Debussy
Piano Trio in G Major - 1st mvt 'Andantino con moto allegro'
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Piano Trio in G Major - 1st mvt 'Andantino con moto allegro'
Claude Debussy
The Snow is Dancing (Children's Corner)
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The Snow is Dancing (Children's Corner)
Claude Debussy
Feux d'artifice (Preludes, Book 2)
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Feux d'artifice (Preludes, Book 2)
Claude Debussy
Pelléas et Mélisande
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Pelléas et Mélisande
Claude Debussy
From dawn to midday on the sea (La mer)
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From dawn to midday on the sea (La mer)
Claude Debussy
Cello Sonata in D minor
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Cello Sonata in D minor
Claude Debussy
3 Chansons de Charles d'Orleans
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3 Chansons de Charles d'Orleans
Claude Debussy
Debussy: Premiere Rhapsody - edited 2nd half
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Debussy: Premiere Rhapsody - edited 2nd half
Claude Debussy
Suite bergamasque
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Suite bergamasque
Claude Debussy
Ce qu'a vu le vent d'Ouest (Preludes, Book 1)
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Ce qu'a vu le vent d'Ouest (Preludes, Book 1)
Claude Debussy
Ondine (Preludes, Book 2)
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Ondine (Preludes, Book 2)
Claude Debussy
La terrasse des audiences du clair de lune (Preludes, Book 2)
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La terrasse des audiences du clair de lune (Preludes, Book 2)
Claude Debussy
Les collines d'Anacapri (Preludes, Book 1)
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Les collines d'Anacapri (Preludes, Book 1)
Claude Debussy
Les sons et les parfums tournent dans l'air du soir (Preludes, Book 1)
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Les sons et les parfums tournent dans l'air du soir (Preludes, Book 1)
Claude Debussy
Cello Sonata in D minor (3rd mvt)
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Cello Sonata in D minor (3rd mvt)
Claude Debussy
La Mer, 3rd mvt jeux de vagues
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La Mer, 3rd mvt jeux de vagues
Claude Debussy
Bruyeres & General Lavine - eccentric (Preludes, Book 2)
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Bruyeres & General Lavine - eccentric (Preludes, Book 2)
Claude Debussy
String Quartet in G minor, Op.10; 2nd mvt, Assez vif et bien rhythme
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String Quartet in G minor, Op.10; 2nd mvt, Assez vif et bien rhythme
Claude Debussy
Apparition
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Apparition
Claude Debussy
Pelleas Et Melisande (Pelleas And Melisande), Act III, Scene 1: Une Des Tours Du
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Pelleas Et Melisande (Pelleas And Melisande), Act III, Scene 1: Une Des Tours Du
Claude Debussy
Prelude à l'apres-midi d'un faune
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Prelude à l'apres-midi d'un faune
Claude Debussy
Premiere rapsodie for clarinet and orchestra
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Premiere rapsodie for clarinet and orchestra

Premiere rapsodie for clarinet and orchestra

Orchestra
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
Claude Debussy
L'isle joyeuse
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L'isle joyeuse
Claude Debussy
Images - set 1 for piano
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Images - set 1 for piano
Claude Debussy
Children's Corner; Little Shepherd (Mallarmé/Breton)
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Children's Corner; Little Shepherd (Mallarmé/Breton)
Claude Debussy
Trois Poèmes de Stephen Mallarmé; no.3 Éventail (Mallarmé)
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Trois Poèmes de Stephen Mallarmé; no.3 Éventail (Mallarmé)
Claude Debussy
Ariettes Oubliées; Aquarelles no.1, "Green" (Verlaine)
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Ariettes Oubliées; Aquarelles no.1, "Green" (Verlaine)
Claude Debussy
Images for orchestra, No.2 Iberia; Par les rues et par les chemins
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Images for orchestra, No.2 Iberia; Par les rues et par les chemins
Claude Debussy
Syrinx
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Syrinx
Claude Debussy
Children's Corner: Cake-walk
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Children's Corner: Cake-walk
Claude Debussy
La plus que lente (1910)
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La plus que lente (1910)
Claude Debussy
Ce qu'a vu le vent d'ouest, arr Colin Matthews (Préludes)
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Ce qu'a vu le vent d'ouest, arr Colin Matthews (Préludes)
Claude Debussy
Sonata for Flute, Viola & Harp (L. 137)
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Sonata for Flute, Viola & Harp (L. 137)
Claude Debussy
Préludes, Livre 1, L. 117: X. La Cathédrale engloutie
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Préludes, Livre 1, L. 117: X. La Cathédrale engloutie
Claude Debussy
Sonata for violin and piano in G minor
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Sonata for violin and piano in G minor
Claude Debussy
Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune
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Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune
Claude Debussy
Quartet for strings (Op.10) in G minor
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Quartet for strings (Op.10) in G minor
Claude Debussy
En bateau (Petite suite orch Busser)
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En bateau (Petite suite orch Busser)
Claude Debussy
Danse sacrée et danse profane
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Danse sacrée et danse profane
Claude Debussy
La Cathedrale engloutie (Preludes, Bk.1)
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La Cathedrale engloutie (Preludes, Bk.1)
Claude Debussy
String Quartet in G minor (Op.10)
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String Quartet in G minor (Op.10)
Claude Debussy
Jeux
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Jeux
Claude Debussy
L'Egyptienne
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L'Egyptienne
Claude Debussy
Jeux de vageus (La Mer)
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Jeux de vageus (La Mer)
Claude Debussy
Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
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Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune
Claude Debussy
Recueillement
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Recueillement

Recueillement

Performer
Felicity Lott (soprano) Graham Johnson (piano)
Claude Debussy
Suite Bergamasque Clair De Lune
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Suite Bergamasque Clair De Lune
Claude Debussy
Trois Chansons de Charles d'Orleans - 1. Dieu! qu'il la fait bon regarder!
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Trois Chansons de Charles d'Orleans - 1. Dieu! qu'il la fait bon regarder!
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