Arvo Pärt
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1935-09-11
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Arvo Pärt

Arvo Pärt Biography (BBC)

One of the most distinctive voices in contemporary music, and also among the most performed and recorded, the Estonian-born composer Arvo Pärt studied composition at the Tallinn Conservatory under the influential teacher Heino Eller. Although Pärt’s current standing rests almost exclusively on the works he has composed since the unveiling of the ‘tintinnabuli’ style in 1976, announced by the crystalline beauty of the piano miniature Für Alina, he had already become something of an enfant terrible in Soviet musical circles during the 1960s.

His Nekrolog (1960) for orchestra caused a scandal by being the first Estonian work to employ serialism, incurring the wrath of no less a person than Tikhon Khrennikov, the all-powerful head of the Soviet Composers’ Union. Using other avant-garde techniques such as pointillism and aleatoricism, Pärt wrote a series of experimental works including Perpetuum mobile (1963), Symphony No. 1 (1964), Diagrams (1964) and Musica sillabica (1964).

Having become dissatisfied with serial technique, however, Pärt searched for another means of furthering his musical development, resulting in his incorporation of ‘borrowed’ tonal gestures (the music of J. S. Bach proving to be of particular importance) and the adoption of Baroque and Classical forms in works such as the brief Quintettino (1964), Collage on B–A–C–H (1964) and the cello concerto Pro et contra (1966). After the remarkable Credo (1968), which represented both the culmination of his early style and the first work in which he set a religious text, Pärt fell silent for a number of years.

Following a chance encounter with the root of Western music, plainchant, Pärt was creatively and spiritually reborn. He became engrossed in a study of medieval and Renaissance music and converted to the Russian Orthodox Church (Pärt was originally Lutheran). Using plainchant and other early music as his source, he then underwent a radical change of style, paring down and reconstructing both his musical ideas and technique. It was not until 1976 that he intuitively discovered his new tintinnabuli style, at the core of which was a two-part unit: a generally stepwise ‘melodic’ line accompanied by a triadic or tintinnabuli harmony (the Latin word tintinnabulum literally means ‘small bell’).

An outpouring of works followed, including Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten, Tabula rasa and Fratres, three of the most enduring works of the new style, all dating from 1977 and each possessing its own inner, self-contained concept and unique sound-world. The acme of the style, its most perfect realisation, came with the transcendent Passio (St John Passion) (1982), with further new traits introduced in subsequent sacred works such as the Te Deum (1984–5, rev. 1992), Stabat mater (1985), Miserere (1989), Litany (1994, rev. 1996) and the imposing Kanon Pokajanen (1997). More recent works such as The Deer’s Cry (2007) and Symphony No. 4, ‘Los Angeles’ (2008) have served to illustrate the extreme flexibility of the tintinnabuli style and its capacity to absorb new textural and harmonic approaches.

From avant-garde density to luminous simplicity, Pärt’s has been a constantly fascinating musical journey. Having left the Soviet Union in 1980, the composer returned to Estonia around the turn of the century. His many awards include the Contemporary Music Award at the 2003 Classical Brits, Musical America’s Composer of the Year Award in 2005 and the 2008 Sonning Music Prize.

Arvo Pärt Biography (Wikipedia)

Arvo Pärt (born 11 September 1935) is an Estonian composer of classical and religious music. Since the late 1970s, Pärt has worked in a minimalist style that employs his self-invented compositional technique, tintinnabuli. Pärt's music is in part inspired by Gregorian chant. His most performed works include Fratres (1977), Spiegel im Spiegel (1978), and Für Alina (1976). Since 2011 Pärt has been the most performed living composer in the world.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.



Arvo Pärt Tracks

Arvo Pärt
Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten

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Arvo Pärt
Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel Im Spiegel
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Spiegel Im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt
Cantique des degrés
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Cantique des degrés

Cantique des degrés

Composer
Orchestra
Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
Arvo Pärt
Fratres vers for 12 cellos
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Fratres vers for 12 cellos
Arvo Pärt
Summa arr Wesly
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Summa arr Wesly

Summa arr Wesly

Composer
Ensemble
Calefax Reed Quintet
Arvo Pärt
Symphony No 4, 'Los Angeles' (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 4, 'Los Angeles' (3rd mvt)
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt
Credo
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Credo

Credo

Composer
Orchestra
Estonia National Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Arvo Pärt
Nunc dimittis
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Nunc dimittis
Arvo Pärt
Fratres
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Fratres
Arvo Pärt
Estonian Lullaby
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Estonian Lullaby
Arvo Pärt
The Deer's Cry
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The Deer's Cry
Arvo Pärt
The Deer's Cry
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The Deer's Cry
Arvo Pärt
Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt
Magnificat
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Magnificat
Arvo Pärt
Da pacem Domine
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Da pacem Domine
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt
I am the True Vine
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I am the True Vine
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt
Fur Alina; Fur Anna Maria
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Fur Alina; Fur Anna Maria
Arvo Pärt
Nunc Dimittis
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Nunc Dimittis
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel
Nino Janjgava, John Tavener, Arvo Pärt, Ars Nova Copenhagen & Paul Hillier
Alleluias 1, 5 & 11; The Lamb; Alleluias 7 & 8; Bogoróditse Dyévo Ráduisya
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Alleluias 1, 5 & 11; The Lamb; Alleluias 7 & 8; Bogoróditse Dyévo Ráduisya
Arvo Pärt
The Woman with the Alabaster box
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The Woman with the Alabaster box

The Woman with the Alabaster box

Composer
Ensemble
Erik Westbergs Vocal Ensemble
Arvo Pärt
Für Alina
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Für Alina
Arvo Pärt
Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt
Fratres
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Fratres

Fratres

Composer
Performer
Petr Nouzovský
Yukie Ichimura
Arvo Pärt
Fratres for Violin, strings and percussion
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Fratres for Violin, strings and percussion
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt
Magnificat
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Magnificat

Magnificat

Composer
Singer
Sofia Niklasson
Arvo Pärt
And I Heard a Voice
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And I Heard a Voice
Arvo Pärt
Dopo la vittoria
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Dopo la vittoria
Arvo Pärt
Nunc Dimittis
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Nunc Dimittis

Nunc Dimittis

Composer
Singer
Maria Demerus
Arvo Pärt
Spiegel im Spiegel
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Spiegel im Spiegel
Arvo Pärt
Estonian Lullaby
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Estonian Lullaby

Estonian Lullaby

Composer
Choir
Girls' Choir Of Vilnius Choir-Singing School 'Liepaites'
Last played on
Arvo Pärt
Veni sancte spiritus (Berliner Messe)
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Veni sancte spiritus (Berliner Messe)
Arvo Pärt
Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt
My heart's in the Highlands
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My heart's in the Highlands
Arvo Pärt
Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten
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Cantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten
Arvo Pärt
Summa
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Summa
Arvo Pärt
Nunc Dimittis For Chorus
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Nunc Dimittis For Chorus
Arvo Pärt
Magnificat for chorus
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Magnificat for chorus
Arvo Pärt
Bogoroditsye Dyevo
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Bogoroditsye Dyevo
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