Steve Reich
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/960x540/p01bqjdw.jpg
1936-10-03
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/a3031680-c359-458f-a641-70ccbaec6a74
Steve Reich

Steve Reich Biography (BBC)

Steve Reich has followed a line of impressive consistency through more than four decades, developing the pulsed iterations of US Minimalism into music of ever greater intricacy and range without loss of excitement. A philosophy major at Cornell (1953–7), he then studied composition at the Juilliard School (1958–61) and with Darius Milhaud and Luciano Berio at Mills College, in the San Francisco Bay Area (1962–3). Remaining there for two more years to work at the Tape Music Center, he returned to New York, which has been his home ever since.

He quickly established his own studio and began giving performances in downtown galleries. His music at this point was based on repetitions in two or more lines drifting apart, an idea that sprang from the effect of loops being played on two tape recorders that gradually got out of phase: hence his use of the word ‘phasing’ for processes of this kind. An essential feature, at first, was that the process should be frankly presented; besides phasing it might be a matter of steadily adding notes to a repeating figure, or taking them away, as in Four Organs (1970).That year he visited Ghana to study drumming, and returned to found his own ensemble based on tuned percussion instruments, Steve Reich and Musicians, with whom he immediately began touring internationally. A little later he studied the percussion-ensemble music of Bali – not in situ this time, but on the USA’s west coast.

Meanwhile his group grew in size. and his music in richness of colour and harmony – a long-range process in itself that began with the classic Drumming (1970–1) and culminated in Music for 18 Musicians (1974–6). The spectacular success of that work, in concert and on record, encouraged him to publish his music, which hitherto he had confined to his own group. He also began to receive orchestral commissions, all the while increasing the subtlety of sound and design within his personal style of repeating modal figures that gain rhythmic vitality from metric ambiguity (generally about the grouping of 12 beats in threes or fours).

In 1976–7 he turned to his own Jewish heritage in studying traditional chanting, a departure that gave rise to Tehillim for women’s voices and small orchestra (1981), setting verses from the psalms. In some works, notably Different Trains for string quartet and electronics (1988), he also brought back a technique from his first tape pieces, of using fragments of recorded speech, now as melodic formulae to be imitated by instruments.

He went on to work with video recordings (by his wife Beryl Korot) in combination with recorded and live music in his two biggest pieces: The Cave (1990–93), a skein of Israeli, Palestinian and US responses to biblical myth, and Three Tales (1998–2002), about the limits and losses of modern technology.

Profile © Paul Griffiths

Steve Reich Biography (Wikipedia)

Stephen Michael Reich ( born October 3, 1936) is an American composer who, along with La Monte Young, Terry Riley, and Philip Glass, pioneered minimal music in the mid to late 1960s.

Reich's style of composition influenced many composers and groups. His innovations include using tape loops to create phasing patterns (for example, his early compositions It's Gonna Rain and Come Out), and the use of simple, audible processes to explore musical concepts (for instance, Pendulum Music and Four Organs). These compositions, marked by their use of repetitive figures, slow harmonic rhythm and canons, have significantly influenced contemporary music, especially in the US. Reich's work took on a darker character in the 1980s with the introduction of historical themes as well as themes from his Jewish heritage, notably Different Trains.

Writing in The Guardian, music critic Andrew Clements suggested that Reich is one of "a handful of living composers who can legitimately claim to have altered the direction of musical history". The American composer and critic Kyle Gann has said that Reich "may ... be considered, by general acclamation, America's greatest living composer".

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Steve Reich Performances & Interviews


Steve Reich Tracks

Steve Reich
It's Gonna Rain
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It's Gonna Rain

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Steve Reich
Clapping Music
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Clapping Music
Steve Reich
Eight Lines, octet for 2 pianos, string quartet and 2 brass instruments
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Eight Lines, octet for 2 pianos, string quartet and 2 brass instruments

Eight Lines, octet for 2 pianos, string quartet and 2 brass instruments

Composer
Performer
Ivan Šiller
Fero Király
Ján Kruzliak
Daniel Herich
Peter Dvorský
Branislav Beilik
Ensemble
Ricercata Ensemble
Steve Reich
It's Gonna Rain
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It's Gonna Rain
Steve Reich
Triple Quartet (3rd mvt)
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Triple Quartet (3rd mvt)
Steve Reich
Triple Quartet (2nd mvt)
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Triple Quartet (2nd mvt)
Steve Reich
Triple Quartet (1st mvt)
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Triple Quartet (1st mvt)
Steve Reich
Nagoya Marimbas
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Nagoya Marimbas
Steve Reich
Different Trains: 3rd mvt, After the War
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Different Trains: 3rd mvt, After the War
Steve Reich
City Life: 1st mvt: Check it out
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City Life: 1st mvt: Check it out
Steve Reich
Clapping Music
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Clapping Music
Steve Reich
Sextet - 5th movement, Crotchet = 192
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Sextet - 5th movement, Crotchet = 192
Steve Reich
Different Trains - Europe - During the War
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Different Trains - Europe - During the War
Steve Reich
Mallet Quartet: III. Fast
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Mallet Quartet: III. Fast

Mallet Quartet: III. Fast

Composer
Ensemble
Colin Currie Group
Steve Reich
New York Counterpoint - 1st mvt
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New York Counterpoint - 1st mvt
Steve Reich
Mallet Quartet: III. Fast
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Mallet Quartet: III. Fast

Mallet Quartet: III. Fast

Composer
Performer
Ensemble
Colin Currie Group
Steve Reich
Electric Counterpoint: II. Slow
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Electric Counterpoint: II. Slow
Steve Reich
Clapping Music
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Clapping Music
Steve Reich
Electric Counterpoint (Fast)
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Electric Counterpoint (Fast)
Steve Reich
Music for 18 Musicians
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Music for 18 Musicians
Steve Reich
Duet
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Duet

Duet

Composer
Performer
Daniel Hope
Simos Papanas
Orchestra
Basel Chamber Orchestra
Steve Reich
New York Counterpoint (2nd mvt)
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New York Counterpoint (2nd mvt)
Steve Reich
The Desert Music: fifth movement
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The Desert Music: fifth movement

The Desert Music: fifth movement

Composer
Ensemble
Choir
Brooklyn Philharmonic Chorus
Orchestra
Brooklyn Philharmonic Orchestra
Steve Reich
Reed Phase 16
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Reed Phase 16
Steve Reich
Music for 18 Musicians
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Music for 18 Musicians
Steve Reich
Runner
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Runner
Steve Reich
Clapping Music
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Clapping Music
Steve Reich
Drumming (Part 4)
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Drumming (Part 4)
Steve Reich
Duet for two violins and string orchestra
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Duet for two violins and string orchestra
Steve Reich
Music for 18 Musicians
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Music for 18 Musicians

Music for 18 Musicians

Composer
Ensemble
Steve Reich (and friends)
Steve Reich
Vermont Counterpoint arr Kuniko
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Vermont Counterpoint arr Kuniko
Steve Reich
Drumming - Part IV
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Drumming - Part IV

Drumming - Part IV

Composer
Ensemble
Colin Currie Group
Steve Reich
Music for 18 Musicians - movement III
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Music for 18 Musicians - movement III
Steve Reich
Different Trains: America-Before the War (Movement 1)
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Different Trains: America-Before the War (Movement 1)
Steve Reich
Know what is above you
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Know what is above you
Steve Reich
Proverb
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Proverb

Proverb

Composer
Performer
Theatre of Voices (ensemble), The Steve Reich Ensemble (ensemble), Paul Hillier (conductor)
Steve Reich
Electric Counterpart
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Electric Counterpart
Steve Reich
Electric Counterpoint - Fast
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Electric Counterpoint - Fast

Electric Counterpoint - Fast

Composer
Performer
Pat Metheny (guitar)
Steve Reich
Nagoya Marimbas
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Nagoya Marimbas
Steve Reich
Piano Phase
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Piano Phase
Steve Reich
Music for ensemble and orchestra
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Music for ensemble and orchestra
Steve Reich
Music for 18 Musicians (Section I)
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Music for 18 Musicians (Section I)
Steve Reich
Drumming - Part 4
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Drumming - Part 4
Steve Reich
Music for Pieces of Wood
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Music for Pieces of Wood
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Playlists featuring Steve Reich


Past BBC Events

Proms 2011: Prom 36: Steve Reich & Ensemble Modern
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/egh8q9
Royal Albert Hall
2011-08-10T03:10:12
10
Aug
2011

Proms 2011: Prom 36: Steve Reich & Ensemble Modern

Royal Albert Hall

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