Anton Bruckner

Composer. Born 4 September 1824. Died 11 October 1896
Anton Bruckner
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1824-09-04
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Anton Bruckner

Anton Bruckner Biography (BBC)

Anton Bruckner was born in rural Upper Austria in 1824. The son of a village schoolmaster, he initially intended to follow in his father’s footsteps, but at the age of 13 he was accepted as a choirboy at the Augustinian monastery of St Florian, where he received a thorough musical education. During his twenties, he tried various teaching posts, but the desire to compose was growing more urgent.

In 1855 he applied for the post of organist at Linz Cathedral and was appointed by a unanimous decision. He now submitted himself to a rigorous programme of advanced musical education: a six-year correspondence course in harmony and counterpoint, and lessons in form and orchestration. It was only when he was nearing 40 that Bruckner at last felt free to compose as he wished.

Three magnificent Mass-settings followed. But a remark by a critic about the symphonic character of the D minor Mass was interpreted by the devoutly religious Bruckner as a sign of vocation. At around the same time he encountered Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony and Wagner’s Tristan und Isolde and was bowled over by both. His own symphonies, from the so-called ‘No. 0’ onwards, show him attempting to forge a synthesis of Wagner’s highly charged, volatile Romanticism, Beethoven’s huge symphonic drama and the more stable formal proportions of Baroque and Rococo church music.

After recovering from a nervous breakdown in 1866–7, Bruckner decided to move to Vienna to pursue his symphonic vocation, where he was encouraged by the influential conductor Johann Herbeck. But he made a powerful enemy in the anti-Wagnerian critic Eduard Hanslick, whose hostility caused Bruckner much pain and soul-searching. Years of neglect followed the catastrophic premiere of the Third Symphony (1877), despite Bruckner’s continuing successes as an organist.

Thanks to the efforts of the conductors Hans Richter and Arthur Nikisch, and to pupils such as Franz and Josef Schalk, his fortunes as a composer gradually began to change. The Leipzig premiere of the Seventh Symphony (1881–3) was a triumph, as was the Viennese first performance of the revised Eighth (1890). In his last decade Bruckner set out on what was intended as the summation of his work as a symphonist: the Ninth Symphony, dedicated to his ‘dear God’. But growing anxiety held up its progress, and the finale survives only in extensive sketches, crucial pages of which disappeared after the composer’s death in 1896.

In some ways a Wagnerian Romantic, Bruckner also had profound roots in early Classical, Baroque and even Renaissance church music. Visionary grandeur and serenity can be found alongside some of the darkest, most troubled music written in the 19th century.

Profile © Stephen Johnson

Anton Bruckner Biography (Wikipedia)

Josef Anton Bruckner ( (listen); 4 September 1824 – 11 October 1896) was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets. The first are considered emblematic of the final stage of Austro-German Romanticism because of their rich harmonic language, strongly polyphonic character, and considerable length. Bruckner's compositions helped to define contemporary musical radicalism, owing to their dissonances, unprepared modulations, and roving harmonies.

Unlike other musical radicals such as Richard Wagner and Hugo Wolf, Bruckner showed extreme humility before other musicians, Wagner in particular. This apparent dichotomy between Bruckner the person and Bruckner the composer hampers efforts to describe his life in a way that gives a straightforward context for his music. Hans von Bülow described him as "half genius, half simpleton". Bruckner was self-critical of his work, and often reworked his compositions. There are several versions of many of his works.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Anton Bruckner Performances & Interviews


Anton Bruckner Tracks

Anton Bruckner
Te Deum in C major
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Te Deum in C major

Te Deum in C major

Singer
Krzysztof Szumanski
Charles Kim
Rebecca Evans
Helena Zubanovich
Director
Violetta Bielecka
Choir
Chorus of the Podlasie Opera and Philharmonic, Bialystok

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Anton Bruckner
Symphony No 3 in D minor (Scherzo)
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Symphony No 3 in D minor (Scherzo)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No 7 in E major (Scherzo)
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Symphony No 7 in E major (Scherzo)
Anton Bruckner
Locus iste
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Locus iste
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No 3 in D Minor (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 3 in D Minor (3rd mvt)
Anton Bruckner
6th Symphony
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6th Symphony
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 8 in C minor - IV. Finale (Feierlich, nicht schnell)
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Symphony No. 8 in C minor - IV. Finale (Feierlich, nicht schnell)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 5 in B flat major - I. Allegro
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Symphony No. 5 in B flat major - I. Allegro
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 9 in D Minor: Mvt III Adagio, (Langsam, feierlich)
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Symphony No. 9 in D Minor: Mvt III Adagio, (Langsam, feierlich)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 8 in C minor - III. Adagio
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Symphony No. 8 in C minor - III. Adagio
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 9 in D Minor - II. Scherzo: Trio. Schnell
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Symphony No. 9 in D Minor - II. Scherzo: Trio. Schnell
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 3 in D minor ‘Wagner Symphony' - IV. Finale. Allegro
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Symphony No. 3 in D minor ‘Wagner Symphony' - IV. Finale. Allegro
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 6 in A major - I. Maestoso
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Symphony No. 6 in A major - I. Maestoso
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 5 in B flat major - I. Adagio
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Symphony No. 5 in B flat major - I. Adagio
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 7 in E Major - I. Allegro moderato
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Symphony No. 7 in E Major - I. Allegro moderato
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 4 in E flat Major 'Romantic' - I. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
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Symphony No. 4 in E flat Major 'Romantic' - I. Bewegt, nicht zu schnell
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 9 in D Minor - I. Feierlich, misterioso
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Symphony No. 9 in D Minor - I. Feierlich, misterioso
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 3 in D minor ‘Wagner Symphony' - I. Gemassigt, misterioso
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Symphony No. 3 in D minor ‘Wagner Symphony' - I. Gemassigt, misterioso
Anton Bruckner
Aequale I
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Aequale I
Anton Bruckner
Lancier-Quadrilles - II. Allegro
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Lancier-Quadrilles - II. Allegro
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 9 in D Minor - II. Scherzo (Bewegt lebhaft)
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Symphony No. 9 in D Minor - II. Scherzo (Bewegt lebhaft)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 7 in E Major - II. Adagio: sehr feierlich und sehr langsam
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Symphony No. 7 in E Major - II. Adagio: sehr feierlich und sehr langsam
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 8 in C minor - IV. Finale (Feierlich, nicht schnell)
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Symphony No. 8 in C minor - IV. Finale (Feierlich, nicht schnell)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No.6: III. Scherzo
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Symphony No.6: III. Scherzo
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No 9 (1st mvt - conclusion)
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Symphony No 9 (1st mvt - conclusion)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony no. 4 in E flat major
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Symphony no. 4 in E flat major
Anton Bruckner
Locus iste
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Locus iste
Anton Bruckner
Ecce sacerdos magnus
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Ecce sacerdos magnus
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No.5: IV. Finale
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Symphony No.5: IV. Finale
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No.4 in E flat major
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Symphony No.4 in E flat major
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No 4 in E flat, 'Romantic' (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 4 in E flat, 'Romantic' (3rd mvt)
Anton Bruckner
Os Justi
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Os Justi
Anton Bruckner
Locus iste
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Locus iste
Anton Bruckner
Christus factus est 1884 version
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Christus factus est 1884 version
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No.7
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Symphony No.7
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No.0 in D minor (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No.0 in D minor (3rd mvt)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 9 in D Minor, WAB 109 (Original 1894 Version): II. Scherzo. Bewegt,
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Symphony No. 9 in D Minor, WAB 109 (Original 1894 Version): II. Scherzo. Bewegt,
Anton Bruckner
Ave Maria
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Ave Maria

Ave Maria

Performer
Eberhard Lauer
Last played on
Anton Bruckner
Mass in F minor (Benedictus)
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Mass in F minor (Benedictus)
Anton Bruckner
Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic"
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Symphony no.4 in E flat major "Romantic"
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 9 in D Minor (Original 1894 Version): II. Scherzo. Bewegt,
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Symphony No. 9 in D Minor (Original 1894 Version): II. Scherzo. Bewegt,
Anton Bruckner
Symphony no. 3 in D minor [all versions]
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Symphony no. 3 in D minor [all versions]

Symphony no. 3 in D minor [all versions]

Conductor
Performer
North German Radio Orchestra
Anton Bruckner
Ave Maria
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Ave Maria
Anton Bruckner
Os justi ('The mouth of the righteous')
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Os justi ('The mouth of the righteous')

Os justi ('The mouth of the righteous')

Choir
Mnemosyne Choir
Director
Caroline Westgeest
Anton Bruckner
Symphony No. 8 in C minor
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Symphony No. 8 in C minor
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