Arnold Schoenberg
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1874-09-13
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/9b490b96-ad82-4d7b-9055-f0a196ad64cc
Arnold Schoenberg

Arnold Schoenberg Biography (BBC)

Schoenberg was born in 1874 in Vienna to orthodox Jewish parents of modest means. At the age of 17 he started working in a bank, while pursuing his passion for music by playing chamber music with friends, taking lessons with the slightly older Alexander Zemlinsky and composing. By his 20s he was producing works he felt merited performance and publication, including Verklärte Nacht for string sextet (1899). He also got married, to Zemlinsky’s sister Mathilde.

His progress as a professional composer in Vienna was made difficult by the modernity of his outlook. Deeply attached to the classics, from Bach through Mozart and Beethoven to Brahms, he believed respect for the past meant progress. In 1901 he moved to Berlin, and there met Richard Strauss and began his work as a teacher, but two years later he returned to Vienna, where he drew close to Mahler and gained Anton Webern and Alban Berg among his pupils. The development of his music now was rapid: there is a sense in the fast, dense First Chamber Symphony (1906) of a hurtling towards atonality – a goal he reached in his Second Quartet (1907–8). Gurrelieder, a work for soloists, chorus and huge orchestra begun in 1901, was completed in the new style in 1911.

From that year he was back in Berlin – where he wrote Pierrot lunaire for reciter and quintet (1912) – until he was called up for service in the Austrian army (1915–16). He then settled just outside Vienna, continuing to teach but not to compose, for the revolution he had brought about – the opening of music to dissonance, floating rhythm, formal fluidity and extremes of expression and irony – had left him creatively exhausted and confused. Only in the 1920s did he start composing freely once more, using his new 12-tone technique and returning to standard forms (Piano Suite, 1921–3).

In 1924, following his first wife’s death, he remarried, and the next year he moved to Berlin again, to teach at the Prussian Academy. In Berlin he produced some of his most masterly works (Third Quartet, 1927; Orchestral Variations, 1926–8) and started his opera Moses und Aron. But soon after the Nazis took power in 1933, he left, reaffirmed his Jewish faith and found refuge in Los Angeles.

His American works – which include his Fourth Quartet (1936) and concertos for violin (1935–6) and piano (1942) – have a new largeness and richness, often because they come back close to tonality. He had also, during his last year or so in Berlin, returned to tonal composition, which he went on practising. In his last years, hit by illness, he devoted himself to chamber music and choral prayers. He died in 1951.

Profile by Paul Griffiths © BBC

Arnold Schoenberg Biography (Wikipedia)

Arnold Schoenberg or Schönberg (, US also;; 13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter. He was associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. With the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg's works were labeled degenerate music, because they were modernist, atonal and what even Paul Hindemith called "sonic orgies" and "decadent intellectual efforts" (Petropoulos 2014, 94–95). He immigrated to the United States in 1934.

Schoenberg's approach, both in terms of harmony and development, has been one of the most influential of 20th-century musical thought. Many European and American composers from at least three generations have consciously extended his thinking, whereas others have passionately reacted against it.

Schoenberg was known early in his career for simultaneously extending the traditionally opposed German Romantic styles of Brahms and Wagner. Later, his name would come to personify innovations in atonality (although Schoenberg himself detested that term) that would become the most polemical feature of 20th-century art music. In the 1920s, Schoenberg developed the twelve-tone technique, an influential compositional method of manipulating an ordered series of all twelve notes in the chromatic scale. He also coined the term developing variation and was the first modern composer to embrace ways of developing motifs without resorting to the dominance of a centralized melodic idea.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Arnold Schoenberg Performances & Interviews


Arnold Schoenberg Tracks

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Arnold Schoenberg
Chamber Symphony No.2 - 1st movement
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Chamber Symphony No.2 - 1st movement
Arnold Schoenberg
Notturno for harp, violin and string orchestra
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Notturno for harp, violin and string orchestra
Gustav Mahler
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen
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Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Performer
Marcin Kaminski
Adrian Janda
Bartosz Jakubczak
Bartlomiej Zajkowski
Tomasz Januchta
Hubert Zemler
Music Arranger
Ensemble
Kwartesencja Ensemble
Director
Monika Wolinska
Arnold Schoenberg
String Quartet no. 3 Op. 30: iv. Rondo
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String Quartet no. 3 Op. 30: iv. Rondo
Arnold Schoenberg
Presto In C major
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Presto In C major

Presto In C major

Ensemble
Diotima Quartet
Arnold Schoenberg
Verklarte nacht, Op.4
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Verklarte nacht, Op.4
Johann Strauss II
Roses from the South, Op 388
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Roses from the South, Op 388
Max Reger
Scherzo (Romantic Suite arr for ensemble)
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Scherzo (Romantic Suite arr for ensemble)
Arnold Schoenberg
Erwartung
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Erwartung
Arnold Schoenberg
Verklärte Nacht
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Verklärte Nacht

Verklärte Nacht

Orchestra
German Symphony Orchestra Berlin
Arnold Schoenberg
Notturno
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Notturno

Notturno

Orchestra
Bonn Beethoven Orchestra
Arnold Schoenberg
Pelleas und Melisande (Op.5) (1902-03)
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Pelleas und Melisande (Op.5) (1902-03)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Chorale Prelude (BWV.654) orch. Schoenberg
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Chorale Prelude (BWV.654) orch. Schoenberg
Arnold Schoenberg
Vier Lieder, Op.2: No.2 'Schenk mir deinen goldenen Kamm'
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Vier Lieder, Op.2: No.2 'Schenk mir deinen goldenen Kamm'
Arnold Schoenberg
Verklarte Nacht
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Verklarte Nacht
Johann Strauss II
Lagunenwalzer, Op 411
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Lagunenwalzer, Op 411
Arnold Schoenberg
Scherzo for String Quartet in F major
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Scherzo for String Quartet in F major
Arnold Schoenberg
Heimweh (Pierrot Lunaire)
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Heimweh (Pierrot Lunaire)
Johannes Brahms
Piano Quartet, Op 25 (orch. Arnold Schoenberg) (2nd mvt - Intermezzo)
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Piano Quartet, Op 25 (orch. Arnold Schoenberg) (2nd mvt - Intermezzo)
Arnold Schoenberg
Verklärte Nacht - 1st version (rev. 1943)
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Verklärte Nacht - 1st version (rev. 1943)
Arnold Schoenberg
Verklarte Nacht for string sextet (Op.4)
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Verklarte Nacht for string sextet (Op.4)
Arnold Schoenberg
Variations Op.31 - Introduction, theme and first 5 variations
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Variations Op.31 - Introduction, theme and first 5 variations
Arnold Schoenberg
Verklarte Nacht Op.4
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Verklarte Nacht Op.4
Johann Sebastian Bach
Chorale Prelude: Komm, Gott Schopfer, heiliger Geist, BWV 631 [orig for organ]
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Chorale Prelude: Komm, Gott Schopfer, heiliger Geist, BWV 631 [orig for organ]
Arnold Schoenberg
Presto in C major
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Presto in C major
Arnold Schoenberg
String Quartet in D major (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in D major (4th mvt)
Arnold Schoenberg
Variations for Orchestra, Op.31
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Variations for Orchestra, Op.31
Arnold Schoenberg
Chamber Symphony no.1
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Chamber Symphony no.1
Arnold Schoenberg
Gurrelieder
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Gurrelieder
Arnold Schoenberg
March 'The Iron Brigade'
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March 'The Iron Brigade'
Arnold Schoenberg
Verklarte Nacht
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Verklarte Nacht

Verklarte Nacht

Performer
Juilliard Quartet, Walter Trampler, Yo Yo Ma
Arnold Schoenberg
3 Satiren, Op. 28 (II. Vielseitigkeit)
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3 Satiren, Op. 28 (II. Vielseitigkeit)
Richard Strauss
Kaiser-Walzer arr Schoenberg
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Kaiser-Walzer arr Schoenberg
Johann Strauss II
Kaiser-Walzer [Emperor Waltz] Op 437 (1888) arr. Schoenberg
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Kaiser-Walzer [Emperor Waltz] Op 437 (1888) arr. Schoenberg
Arnold Schoenberg
Weihnachtsmusik (Christmas Music)
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Weihnachtsmusik (Christmas Music)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and fugue in E flat major BWV.552 (St Anne), orch. Schoenberg
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Prelude and fugue in E flat major BWV.552 (St Anne), orch. Schoenberg
Arnold Schoenberg
A Survivor from Warsaw
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A Survivor from Warsaw
Max Reger
Romantic Suite arr for ensemble (Finale)
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Romantic Suite arr for ensemble (Finale)

Romantic Suite arr for ensemble (Finale)

Composer
Music Arranger
Ensemble
Lyon Opera Soloists
Last played on
Johannes Brahms
Rondo alla Zingarese (Piano Quartet Op. 25 in G minor)
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Rondo alla Zingarese (Piano Quartet Op. 25 in G minor)

Rondo alla Zingarese (Piano Quartet Op. 25 in G minor)

Music Arranger
Orchestra
Staatsorchester Rheinische Philharmonie
Last played on
Johannes Brahms
Piano Quartet in G minor, Op.25: i. Allegro
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Piano Quartet in G minor, Op.25: i. Allegro
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fugue in E flat major 'St Anne', BWV 552
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Fugue in E flat major 'St Anne', BWV 552
Arnold Schoenberg
Six Little Piano Pieces, Op 19 (Nos 4 and 5)
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Six Little Piano Pieces, Op 19 (Nos 4 and 5)
Arnold Schoenberg
Freide auf Erden Op 13
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Freide auf Erden Op 13
Arnold Schoenberg
Friede auf Erden (Op.13)
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Friede auf Erden (Op.13)
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