Gustav Mahler

Composer. Born 7 July 1860. Died 18 May 1911
Gustav Mahler
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/960x540/p01bqhv6.jpg
1860-07-07
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/8d610e51-64b4-4654-b8df-064b0fb7a9d9
Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler Biography (BBC)

Born on 7 July 1860 in the Bohemian town of Kaliste, Gustav Mahler was the second of 14 children of a Jewish distillery-owner. His parents were ill-matched, but his father at least recognised his son’s musical talents.

Gustav gave his first piano recital at the age of 10, and five years later was taken to the Vienna Conservatory to play for Julius Epstein. He pronounced the 15-year-old ‘a born musician’. Accepted into the conservatory, Mahler made friends with fellow-students Hans Rott and Hugo Wolf, became a devotee of Wagner’s music and Nietzsche’s philosophy, and a supporter of Anton Bruckner. In 1878 he began his first major work, Das klagende Lied (‘The Song of Sorrow’), in which many of the distinctive features of his mature style can already be heard.

Mahler’s career as a conductor began unpromisingly, conducting operetta at the Austrian provincial theatre of Bad Hall, but his obvious talent led to successive appointments at Olmütz, Kassel, Prague, Leipzig, Budapest, Hamburg and, in 1897, the Vienna Court Opera. There he was lauded by many but persecuted by the city’s strong anti-Semitic faction, forcing his resignation in 1907 – the year that he was diagnosed with the serious heart condition that was to kill him four years later.

Mahler left Europe for New York, making his Metropolitan Opera debut on 1 January 1908 and becoming conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in 1909, though he returned to Vienna to die.

In the midst of this demanding schedule, he composed whenever he could. His first important works were songs and song-cycles, notably Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen (‘Songs of a Wayfaring Lad’, 1883–5) and the settings of folk or folk-inspired poems from the 19th-century collection Des Knaben Wunderhorn (‘The Youth’s Magic Horn’, 1888–1901).

Still more impressive are the grief-saturated Kindertotenlieder (‘Songs on the Deaths of Children’, 1901–4) and the great ‘song-symphony’ Das Lied von der Erde (‘The Song of the Earth’, 1908–9). Mahler also completed nine symphonies, and left a 10th in sketch score. For Mahler the symphony had to be ‘like the world – it must embrace everything’, and even those that have neither sung texts nor programmes appear to invite programmatic or philosophical interpretations.

Though in many respects a post-Wagnerian Romantic, Mahler became increasingly forward-looking, and it is no surprise that 20th-century composers as diverse as Schoenberg, Berg, Shostakovich, Britten, Henze and Boulez have all acknowledged an abiding debt to him.

Profile © Stephen Johnson

Gustav Mahler Biography (Wikipedia)

Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was an Austro-Bohemian late-Romantic composer, and one of the leading conductors of his generation. As a composer he acted as a bridge between the 19th century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 his compositions were rediscovered by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became one of the most frequently performed and recorded of all composers, a position he has sustained into the 21st century. In 2016, a BBC Music Magazine survey of 151 conductors ranked three of his symphonies in the top ten symphonies of all time.

Born in Bohemia (then part of the Austrian Empire) as a German-speaking Jew of humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner, Mozart, and Tchaikovsky. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Gustav Mahler Performances & Interviews


Gustav Mahler Tracks

Gustav Mahler
5 Early Songs
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
5 Early Songs

Sort by

Gustav Mahler
5 Ruckert-Lieder
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
5 Ruckert-Lieder
Gustav Mahler
Quartet movement in A minor for piano and strings
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Quartet movement in A minor for piano and strings
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No 9 (2nd mvt - excerpt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No 9 (2nd mvt - excerpt)
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No 2 in C minor (Resurrection) (4th mvt; Ulrlicht)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No 2 in C minor (Resurrection) (4th mvt; Ulrlicht)
Paul Moylan
Klez'Mahler & Symphony no. 1 in D major
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Klez'Mahler & Symphony no. 1 in D major
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No 2 in C minor, 'Resurrection' (4th mvt; Urlicht)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No 2 in C minor, 'Resurrection' (4th mvt; Urlicht)
Gustav Mahler
Symphony no. 5 in C sharp minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony no. 5 in C sharp minor
Gustav Mahler
Symphony no. 2 in C minor "Resurrection": 4th movement; Urlicht
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony no. 2 in C minor "Resurrection": 4th movement; Urlicht
Gustav Mahler
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen (Rückert-Lieder)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen (Rückert-Lieder)
Gustav Mahler
Ich Bin Der Welt Abhanden Gekommen
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Ich Bin Der Welt Abhanden Gekommen
Gustav Mahler
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen.., no.2; Ging heut' Morgen ubers Feld (feat. Christian Gerhaher)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen.., no.2; Ging heut' Morgen ubers Feld (feat. Christian Gerhaher)
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No.10: Adagio
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No.10: Adagio
Gustav Mahler
Symphony no. 10: Adagio
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony no. 10: Adagio
Gustav Mahler
5 Ruckert-Lieder
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
5 Ruckert-Lieder
Gustav Mahler
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen (Rückert-Lieder)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen (Rückert-Lieder)
Gustav Mahler
Blumine movement (from Symphony no 1)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Blumine movement (from Symphony no 1)

Blumine movement (from Symphony no 1)

Orchestra
London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO)
Gustav Mahler
Des Knaben Wunderhorn XI) Trost im Unglück
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Des Knaben Wunderhorn XI) Trost im Unglück
Gustav Mahler
Des Knaben Wunderhorn, III) Verlorne Muh
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Des Knaben Wunderhorn, III) Verlorne Muh
Gustav Mahler
Des Knaben Wunderhorn VI) Der Schildwache Nachtlied
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Des Knaben Wunderhorn VI) Der Schildwache Nachtlied
Gustav Mahler
Piano Quartet in A minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Piano Quartet in A minor
Gustav Mahler
Das Lied von der Erde
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Das Lied von der Erde
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No 1 in D major, 'Titan' (2nd mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No 1 in D major, 'Titan' (2nd mvt)
Gustav Mahler
Der Trunkene im Frühling
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Der Trunkene im Frühling
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No.7 in E minor: III. Scherzo
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No.7 in E minor: III. Scherzo
Gustav Mahler
Symphony no 2 in C minor ('Resurrection')
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony no 2 in C minor ('Resurrection')
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No 7 (3rd mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No 7 (3rd mvt)
Gustav Mahler
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen

Performer
Marcin Kaminski
Adrian Janda
Bartosz Jakubczak
Bartlomiej Zajkowski
Tomasz Januchta
Hubert Zemler
Music Arranger
Ensemble
Kwartesencja Ensemble
Director
Monika Wolinska
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No.2 - Im Tempo des Scherzos (Aufersteh'n, ja aufersteh'n to end)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No.2 - Im Tempo des Scherzos (Aufersteh'n, ja aufersteh'n to end)
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No 7 in E minor (3rd mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No 7 in E minor (3rd mvt)
Gustav Mahler
Symphony no. 1 in D major vers. original, in 5 mvts.
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony no. 1 in D major vers. original, in 5 mvts.
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No. 5 Adagietto
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No. 5 Adagietto
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No 1 in D major
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No 1 in D major
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No.5 in C sharp minor (4th mvt)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No.5 in C sharp minor (4th mvt)
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No.1 D major, 'Titan'
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No.1 D major, 'Titan'
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No. 3, Part I: No. 1. Kräftig. Entschieden
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No. 3, Part I: No. 1. Kräftig. Entschieden
Gustav Mahler
Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony no 5 in C sharp minor
Gustav Mahler
Ging heut' Morgen übers Feld (Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Ging heut' Morgen übers Feld (Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen)
Gustav Mahler
Das Lied von der Erde: Von der Schonheit
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Das Lied von der Erde: Von der Schonheit
Gustav Mahler
Das Lied von der Erde - V. Der Trunkene im Frühling
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Das Lied von der Erde - V. Der Trunkene im Frühling
Gustav Mahler
Das Lied von der Erde
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Das Lied von der Erde
Gustav Mahler
Symphony No. 3
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony No. 3
Gustav Mahler
Piano Quartet in A minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Piano Quartet in A minor
Gustav Mahler
5 Ruckert-Lieder
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
5 Ruckert-Lieder

5 Ruckert-Lieder

Performer
Ewa Poblocka
Gustav Mahler
Symphony no 7 in E minor
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Symphony no 7 in E minor

Symphony no 7 in E minor

Orchestra
Sao Paolo Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Gustav Mahler
Zu Strassburg auf der Schanz (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Zu Strassburg auf der Schanz (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
Gustav Mahler
Erinnerung (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Erinnerung (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
Gustav Mahler
Fruhlingsmorgen (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Fruhlingsmorgen (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
Gustav Mahler
Serenade aus Don Juan (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Serenade aus Don Juan (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
Gustav Mahler
Ablosung im Sommer (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Ablosung im Sommer (Lieder und Gesange aus der Jugendzeit)
Gustav Mahler
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen (Rückert lieder)
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/256x256/p01bqhv6.jpg
link
Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen (Rückert lieder)
Load more tracks
Playlists featuring Gustav Mahler

Back to artist