Antonín Dvořák

Composer. Born 8 September 1841. Died 1 May 1904
Antonín Dvořák
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1841-09-08
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/819eaeb2-8dd8-48a5-ad07-0bcd137985ef
Antonín Dvořák

Antonín Dvořák Biography (BBC)

The Bohemia into which Dvorák was born on 8 September 1841, in a village near Prague, was one facing rapid change. Like many from a poor rural environment Dvorák followed a natural drift towards Prague. Dvorák’s musicality was evident early on and his family supported him all through his musical training.

After graduating from the Prague Organ School in 1859, however, he faced grinding poverty. He eventually joined the Provisional Theatre Orchestra as a viola player (1862–71), performing in a huge range of operas. During these ‘years in the galleys’ he wrote two symphonies, string quartets and the opera Alfred, though he only began to make an impact on Prague’s musical salons after the success of his patriotic cantata, The Heirs of the White Mountain (1872).

Growing fame and the award of five consecutive government grants prompted huge productivity: operas, symphonic works and chamber music poured out of him, sharing such characteristics as appealing melody, classically oriented development and a consciously popular tone. The latter resulted in international acclaim for his Moravian Duets and Slavonic Dances (both 1878).

Brahms’s friendship won him a German publisher, and concert societies across Europe and America began programming his music. A series of trips to England resulted in major commissions, including the Seventh Symphony (1884–5) for the Philharmonic Society, and The Spectre’s Bride and Requiem for the 1885 and 1891 Birmingham Festivals. Dvorák continued to compose operas, including two masterpieces, Dimitrij (1881–2) and The Jacobin (1887–8).

In the late 1880s he turned to more experimental and inclusive modes of composition, notably in the Eighth Symphony (1889) and the ‘Dumky’ Trio (1890–91). Further shifts in style occurred as a result of his stay in America as Director of the National Conservatory in New York (1892–5).

The huge popularity of the works of this period, notably the ‘New World’ Symphony and ‘American’ Quartet, was founded on approachability, inspired lyricism and an easily apprehended clarity of outline. On returning to Prague in 1895, Dvorák devoted himself first to symphonic poems and then to operas, the greatest of which was Rusalka (1900).

Though among the most popular of classical composers, Dvorák is one of the least well understood; his early work is dismissed as being overly neo-Romantic, a judgement which does little justice to the remarkable originality of much of it, or to the startling confidence of the Third Symphony (1873).

His compositional technique (securely founded on an education strongly resembling that of his 18th-century predecessors), his genius for memorable melody and his independent imagination resulted in one of the larger and more consistently enjoyable compositional outputs of the 19th century.

Profile by Jan Smaczny ©

Antonín Dvořák Biography (Wikipedia)

Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( d(ə)-vor-ZHA(h)k;; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer, one of the first to achieve worldwide recognition. Following the Romantic-era nationalist example of his predecessor Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed rhythms and other aspects of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák's own style has been described as "the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them".

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt violin student from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was aged 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but did not win, and the unreturned manuscript was lost until rediscovered many decades later. In 1874 he made a submission to the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Although Dvořák was not aware of it, Johannes Brahms was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák in 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák's international reputation was launched at last.

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Antonín Dvořák Performances & Interviews


Antonín Dvořák Tracks

Antonín Dvořák
Serenade for wind instruments in D minor Op 44
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Serenade for wind instruments in D minor Op 44

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Antonín Dvořák
In nature's realm [V prirode] - overture Op.91
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In nature's realm [V prirode] - overture Op.91
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony no 9 in E minor, Op 95 'From the New World'
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Symphony no 9 in E minor, Op 95 'From the New World'
Antonín Dvořák
Scherzo capriccioso, Op. 66
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Scherzo capriccioso, Op. 66
Antonín Dvořák
Romance Op 11 in F minor vers. for violin and piano
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Romance Op 11 in F minor vers. for violin and piano
Antonín Dvořák
Overture Domov muj [My Home Land] Op 62
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Overture Domov muj [My Home Land] Op 62
Antonín Dvořák
Rondo in G Minor, Op.94
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Rondo in G Minor, Op.94
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony No.8 - movement 3 - Allegretto Grazioso
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Symphony No.8 - movement 3 - Allegretto Grazioso
Antonín Dvořák
Polonaise in E flat major
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Polonaise in E flat major
Antonín Dvořák
String Quartet in F major, Op 96, 'American' (Finale)
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String Quartet in F major, Op 96, 'American' (Finale)
Antonín Dvořák
Slavonic Dance in B major, Op 72 No 1
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Slavonic Dance in B major, Op 72 No 1
Antonín Dvořák
Mazurek in E minor, Op 49, arr. for violin and orchestra
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Mazurek in E minor, Op 49, arr. for violin and orchestra
Antonín Dvořák
Song to the Moon (Rusalka)
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Song to the Moon (Rusalka)
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony no 8 in G major, Op 88, B.163
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Symphony no 8 in G major, Op 88, B.163
Antonín Dvořák
Cello Concerto in B minor, Op 104
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Cello Concerto in B minor, Op 104
Antonín Dvořák
Legends, Op.59 No.3
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Legends, Op.59 No.3
Antonín Dvořák
Rondo in G minor, Op 94
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Rondo in G minor, Op 94
Antonín Dvořák
Slavonic Dance in F major, Op 46 No 4
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Slavonic Dance in F major, Op 46 No 4
Antonín Dvořák
Serenade for Strings in E major, Op 22 (4th mvt)
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Serenade for Strings in E major, Op 22 (4th mvt)
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony no. 7 in D minor Op.70
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Symphony no. 7 in D minor Op.70
Antonín Dvořák
Concerto in B minor Op.104 for cello and orchestra
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Concerto in B minor Op.104 for cello and orchestra
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony No 2 in B flat major, Op 4 (Scherzo)
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Symphony No 2 in B flat major, Op 4 (Scherzo)
Antonín Dvořák
The Noonday Witch, Op 108
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The Noonday Witch, Op 108
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony No 8 in G major, Op 88 (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 8 in G major, Op 88 (4th mvt)
Antonín Dvořák
Piano Quartet no 2 in E flat major, Op 87
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Piano Quartet no 2 in E flat major, Op 87
Antonín Dvořák
Serenade for Strings in E major, Op 22 (3rd mvt)
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Serenade for Strings in E major, Op 22 (3rd mvt)
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony No.9 in E Minor 'From The New World'
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Symphony No.9 in E Minor 'From The New World'
Antonín Dvořák
Othello - Concert Overture
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Othello - Concert Overture
Antonín Dvořák
String Quartet No.5 in F Minor, Op.9 (2nd mvt)
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String Quartet No.5 in F Minor, Op.9 (2nd mvt)
Antonín Dvořák
Slavonic Dance no 10 in E minor Op 72 no 2
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Slavonic Dance no 10 in E minor Op 72 no 2
Antonín Dvořák
String Quartet No 12 in F major, Op 96, 'American' (4th mvt)
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String Quartet No 12 in F major, Op 96, 'American' (4th mvt)
Antonín Dvořák
Romance for violin and orchestra in F minor, Op 11
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Romance for violin and orchestra in F minor, Op 11

Romance for violin and orchestra in F minor, Op 11

Orchestra
Bratislava Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
Antonín Dvořák
Legend No 3 in G minor, Op 59
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Legend No 3 in G minor, Op 59
Antonín Dvořák
String Quartet No. 5 in F Minor, Finale: Allegro molto
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String Quartet No. 5 in F Minor, Finale: Allegro molto
Antonín Dvořák
'Piano Trio No. 4 in E minor, op. 90 ('Dumky')'
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'Piano Trio No. 4 in E minor, op. 90 ('Dumky')'
Antonín Dvořák
Concerto in B minor, Op.10 for cello and orchestra
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Concerto in B minor, Op.10 for cello and orchestra
Antonín Dvořák
Carnival Overture
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Carnival Overture
Antonín Dvořák
Prague Waltzes
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Prague Waltzes

Prague Waltzes

Orchestra
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra Bratislava
Conductor
Antonín Dvořák
Klid [Silent woods], B182
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Klid [Silent woods], B182
Antonín Dvořák
Five Bagatelles, Op.47
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Five Bagatelles, Op.47
Antonín Dvořák
Symphony No.7 in D Minor Op.70
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Symphony No.7 in D Minor Op.70
Antonín Dvořák
Violin Concerto in A minor, Op 53 (3rd mvt)
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Violin Concerto in A minor, Op 53 (3rd mvt)
Antonín Dvořák
Slavonic Dance in C major, Op 72 No 7
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Slavonic Dance in C major, Op 72 No 7
Antonín Dvořák
Rondo in G minor, Op 94
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Rondo in G minor, Op 94
Antonín Dvořák
Piano Trio no. 4 Op.90 "Dumky" (2nd mvt)
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Piano Trio no. 4 Op.90 "Dumky" (2nd mvt)
Antonín Dvořák
Nocturne in B major, Op 40
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Nocturne in B major, Op 40
Antonín Dvořák
Piano Quartet No 2 in E flat major, Op 87 - 3rd movement, Scherzo
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Piano Quartet No 2 in E flat major, Op 87 - 3rd movement, Scherzo
Antonín Dvořák
String Quartet F major, op.96 'American' - 1st movement
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String Quartet F major, op.96 'American' - 1st movement
Antonín Dvořák
Cypresses nos.11 and no.12
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Cypresses nos.11 and no.12
Antonín Dvořák
Wind serenade in D minor, Op.44 (3rd mvt)
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Wind serenade in D minor, Op.44 (3rd mvt)
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Past BBC Events

Proms 2018: Prom 20: Ten Pieces Prom
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ebhz3d
Royal Albert Hall
2018-07-29T20:33:52
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29
Jul
2018
Proms 2018: Prom 20: Ten Pieces Prom

Proms 2018: Prom 20: Ten Pieces Prom

Royal Albert Hall
Proms 2018: Prom 19: Ten Pieces Prom
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/e94wxj
Royal Albert Hall
2018-07-29T20:33:52
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/208x117/p061r7gy.jpg
29
Jul
2018
Proms 2018: Prom 19: Ten Pieces Prom

Proms 2018: Prom 19: Ten Pieces Prom

Royal Albert Hall

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