Ottorino Respighi

Composer. Born 9 July 1879. Died 18 April 1936
Ottorino Respighi
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1879-07-09
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/788c380d-247b-42f0-b7a9-64881e1f0fd9
Ottorino Respighi

Ottorino Respighi Biography (BBC)

Born in Bologna in 1879, Ottorino Respighi studied in his home city and spent his early twenties playing the viola in an opera orchestra in St Petersburg while studying composition with Rimsky-Korsakov. After several more years spent studying and performing (as both a string-player and a pianist) in Germany and France, he settled permanently in Rome following his appointment as Professor of Composition at the Liceo (later Conservatorio) di Santa Cecilia in 1913. Promoted to the position of Director in 1924, he resigned two years later to concentrate on composing.

It was in 1916 that Respighi completed Fountains of Rome, the first of three sets of musical ‘picture postcards’ of famous Roman tourist spots that soon made his international reputation: Pines of Rome followed in 1924, Roman Festivals in 1928. Brilliantly coloured orchestral showpieces, they reveal the composer’s easy assimilation of a variety of cosmopolitan influences – Germanic counterpoint, Gallic harmony, Russian orchestration – with an innately Italianate melodic gift. Definitely no modernist, Respighi can yet claim to have invented electronic sampling with his inclusion of a recorded nightingale’s song in the score for the Pines.

Although he wrote several operas – of which at least his last two completed examples, La campana sommersa (‘The Sunken Bell’, 1924–7) and La fiamma ('The Flame', 1931–3), enjoyed some success – Respighi showed a greater interest in orchestral and chamber music. A noted editor and arranger of early music, mainly from the Renaissance and the Baroque (including a free transcription of Monteverdi’s Orfeo in 1934), he based his three popular sets of Ancient Airs and Dances (1917, 1923 and 1931) on lute music of the 16th and 17th centuries, and his suite The Birds (1927) on music by 17th- and 18th-century French and Italian composers.

But his archaising instincts are heard at their purest in the Gregorian chant-influenced symphonic poem Vetrate di chiesa (‘Church Windows’, 1925–6) and the charming choral Christmas carol sequence Lauda per la natività del Signore (‘Hymn to the Birth of Christ’, 1928–30).

Profile by Louise Downes © BBC




Ottorino Respighi Tracks

Ottorino Respighi
Ouverture Carnevalesca
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Ouverture Carnevalesca

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Ottorino Respighi
Pines of Rome (The Pines of the Appian Way)
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Pines of Rome (The Pines of the Appian Way)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Three Chorales
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Three Chorales
Ottorino Respighi
Spring (Three Botticelli Pictures)
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Spring (Three Botticelli Pictures)
Ottorino Respighi
Brazilian Impressions: I. Tropical Night
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Brazilian Impressions: I. Tropical Night
Ottorino Respighi
Vetrate di Chiesa (Church Windows)
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Vetrate di Chiesa (Church Windows)

Vetrate di Chiesa (Church Windows)

Orchestra
Orchestra of London, Canada
Conductor
Ottorino Respighi
Serenata (Six Pieces for violin and piano)
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Serenata (Six Pieces for violin and piano)
Ottorino Respighi
Ancient Airs and Dances - Suite No 2
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Ancient Airs and Dances - Suite No 2
Ottorino Respighi
Quartetto dorico for strings
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Quartetto dorico for strings
Ottorino Respighi
Danza rustica (Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 2)
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Danza rustica (Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 2)
Ottorino Respighi
Ouverture Carnevalesca
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Ouverture Carnevalesca
Ottorino Respighi
Trittico botticelliano, P. 151: I. La Primavera
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Trittico botticelliano, P. 151: I. La Primavera
Ottorino Respighi
The Pines of the Villa Borghese (The Pines of Rome)
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The Pines of the Villa Borghese (The Pines of Rome)
Ottorino Respighi
Pini di Roma - symphonic poem
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Pini di Roma - symphonic poem
Ottorino Respighi
Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 1
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Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 1
Ottorino Respighi
La boutique fantasque (Cancan; Valse)
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La boutique fantasque (Cancan; Valse)
Ottorino Respighi
Pines of Rome
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Pines of Rome
Ottorino Respighi
Suite in G major for Strings and Organ
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Suite in G major for Strings and Organ
Ottorino Respighi
Violin Concerto in A major
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Violin Concerto in A major

Violin Concerto in A major

Performer
Orchestra
Croatian Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Ottorino Respighi
Roman Festivals iv. La Befana
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Roman Festivals iv. La Befana
Ottorino Respighi
Violin Sonata in E minor P.85 (after JS Bach's BWV 1023)
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Violin Sonata in E minor P.85 (after JS Bach's BWV 1023)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Wachet auf ruft uns die Stimme, BWV645
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Wachet auf ruft uns die Stimme, BWV645
Ottorino Respighi
Impressioni Brasiliane [Brazilian Impressions] for orchestra (1928)
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Impressioni Brasiliane [Brazilian Impressions] for orchestra (1928)
Ottorino Respighi
Pines of Rome
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Pines of Rome
Ottorino Respighi
Fountains of Rome
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Fountains of Rome
Ottorino Respighi
Roman Festival
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Roman Festival
Ottorino Respighi
Italiana (Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 3)
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Italiana (Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 3)
Ottorino Respighi
Il cuccu (The Birds)
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Il cuccu (The Birds)
Ottorino Respighi
Vetrate di Chiesa (Church Windows) P. 150: iii. Il Mattutino di Santa Chiara (the Matins of St Clare)
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Vetrate di Chiesa (Church Windows) P. 150: iii. Il Mattutino di Santa Chiara (the Matins of St Clare)
Ottorino Respighi
Bergamasca (Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite No 2)
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Bergamasca (Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite No 2)
Ottorino Respighi
Violin Sonata in B minor (1st mvt)
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Violin Sonata in B minor (1st mvt)
Ottorino Respighi
Belkis, Queen of Sheba (The Dance of Belkis at Dawn)
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Belkis, Queen of Sheba (The Dance of Belkis at Dawn)
Ottorino Respighi
Pines of Rome - Pines near a Catacomb
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Pines of Rome - Pines near a Catacomb
Ottorino Respighi
Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932)
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Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932)

Antiche Arie e Danze - Suite no.3 (1932)

Orchestra
Croatian Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra
Ottorino Respighi
La Befana (Feste Romane)
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La Befana (Feste Romane)
Sergey Rachmaninov
The Sea and the Seagulls (5 Etudes Tableaux)
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The Sea and the Seagulls (5 Etudes Tableaux)
Ottorino Respighi
Trittico Botticelliano
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Trittico Botticelliano
Ottorino Respighi
Villanella (Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 1)
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Villanella (Ancient Airs and Dances Suite No 1)
Ottorino Respighi
L'Adorazione dei Magi (Trittico Botticelliano)
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L'Adorazione dei Magi (Trittico Botticelliano)
Ottorino Respighi
Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite, Preludio (Allegro moderato)
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Gli Uccelli [The birds] - suite, Preludio (Allegro moderato)
Ottorino Respighi
The Pines of Rome (final movement: 'I Pini della via Appia')
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The Pines of Rome (final movement: 'I Pini della via Appia')
Ottorino Respighi
La boutique fantasque (Valse lent)
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La boutique fantasque (Valse lent)
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