Edward Elgar
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1857-06-02
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Edward Elgar

Edward Elgar Biography (BBC)

Edward Elgar was the greatest English composer since Purcell, and the first to win widespread international recognition. The confidently crafted surface of his music conceals a complex and sensitive personality, shaped in hidebound Victorian society by consciousness of his status as an outsider: he was the son of a music shopkeeper and piano tuner in provincial Worcester, and brought up as a Catholic. Elgar had a practical training as a performer on the violin and other instruments, and taught himself composition.

His reputation was slow to spread beyond the West Midlands, but he attained national prominence in 1899 when his ‘Enigma’ Variations were premiered in London. His next major work, the oratorio The Dream of Gerontius, quickly became successful in Britain and Germany. A heady decade followed which saw the composition of two further oratorios, The Apostles and The Kingdom, and a stream of orchestral works culminating in the First Symphony and the Violin Concerto.

Elgar moved to London, and took on the conductorship of the London Symphony Orchestra for the 1911/12 season. But the Second Symphony, the choral ode The Music Makers and the symphonic study Falstaff were discouragingly received.

After the premiere of the Cello Concerto in 1919 and the death of his wife the following year, Elgar moved back to the West Midlands and went into virtual retirement. However, he was working with renewed energy on an opera and a Third Symphony when he died in 1934.

Profile © Anthony Burton

Edward Elgar Biography (Wikipedia)

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet OM GCVO (2 June 1857 – 23 February 1934) was an English composer, many of whose works have entered the British and international classical concert repertoire. Among his best-known compositions are orchestral works including the Enigma Variations, the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, concertos for violin and cello, and two symphonies. He also composed choral works, including The Dream of Gerontius, chamber music and songs. He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924.

Although Elgar is often regarded as a typically English composer, most of his musical influences were not from England but from continental Europe. He felt himself to be an outsider, not only musically, but socially. In musical circles dominated by academics, he was a self-taught composer; in Protestant Britain, his Roman Catholicism was regarded with suspicion in some quarters; and in the class-conscious society of Victorian and Edwardian Britain, he was acutely sensitive about his humble origins even after he achieved recognition. He nevertheless married the daughter of a senior British army officer. She inspired him both musically and socially, but he struggled to achieve success until his forties, when after a series of moderately successful works his Enigma Variations (1899) became immediately popular in Britain and overseas. He followed the Variations with a choral work, The Dream of Gerontius (1900), based on a Roman Catholic text that caused some disquiet in the Anglican establishment in Britain, but it became, and has remained, a core repertory work in Britain and elsewhere. His later full-length religious choral works were well received but have not entered the regular repertory.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Edward Elgar Performances & Interviews


Edward Elgar Tracks

Edward Elgar
Coronation Ode
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Coronation Ode

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Edward Elgar
Softly and gently (The Dream of Gerontius, Op 38)
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Softly and gently (The Dream of Gerontius, Op 38)
Edward Elgar
Symphony No. 2 in E-Flat Major, Op. 63: IV. Moderato e maestoso
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Symphony No. 2 in E-Flat Major, Op. 63: IV. Moderato e maestoso
Edward Elgar
Sea Slumber Song (Sea Pictures, Op 37)
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Sea Slumber Song (Sea Pictures, Op 37)
Edward Elgar
Cello Concerto in E minor, Op 85 (1st mvt)
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Cello Concerto in E minor, Op 85 (1st mvt)
Edward Elgar
Serenade for Strings in E minor, Op 20
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Serenade for Strings in E minor, Op 20
Edward Elgar
Where corals lie (Sea Pictures, Op 37)
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Where corals lie (Sea Pictures, Op 37)
Edward Elgar
Enigma Variations: Nimrod
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Enigma Variations: Nimrod
Edward Elgar
Bavarian Dance No 1
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Bavarian Dance No 1
Edward Elgar
Symphony no. 1 in A flat major Op.55
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Symphony no. 1 in A flat major Op.55
Edward Elgar
Cello Concerto: 1St Movement
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Cello Concerto: 1St Movement
Edward Elgar
Pomp and Circumstance March No.1 'Land of Hope and Glory'
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Pomp and Circumstance March No.1 'Land of Hope and Glory'
Edward Elgar
Scenes from the Bavarian Highlands: On the Alm (Hoch Alp)
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Scenes from the Bavarian Highlands: On the Alm (Hoch Alp)
Edward Elgar
In the south (Alassio) - overture (Op.50)
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In the south (Alassio) - overture (Op.50)
Edward Elgar
Variations on an original theme 'Enigma' for orchestra (Op.36)
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Variations on an original theme 'Enigma' for orchestra (Op.36)
Edward Elgar
Chanson de matin, Op 15 No 2, arr for string quartet
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Chanson de matin, Op 15 No 2, arr for string quartet
Edward Elgar
Cello Concerto in E Minor, Op. 85: I. Adagio - Moderato
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Cello Concerto in E Minor, Op. 85: I. Adagio - Moderato
Edward Elgar
Cello Concerto in E minor Op. 85: I. Adagio - Moderato
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Cello Concerto in E minor Op. 85: I. Adagio - Moderato
Edward Elgar
Cockaigne Overture, op. 40
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Cockaigne Overture, op. 40
Edward Elgar
Sevilliana Op.7
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Sevilliana Op.7
Edward Elgar
Serenade for string orchestra, Op.20
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Serenade for string orchestra, Op.20
Edward Elgar
Variations on an original theme ('Enigma'), Op 36
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Variations on an original theme ('Enigma'), Op 36
Edward Elgar
Salut d'amour
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Salut d'amour
Edward Elgar
In the south (Alassio) - overture Op.50
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In the south (Alassio) - overture Op.50
Edward Elgar
Chanson de Matin Op 15 No 2
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Chanson de Matin Op 15 No 2
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fantasia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 537
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Fantasia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 537
Edward Elgar
Sospiri
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Sospiri
Edward Elgar
Pomp and Circumstance March No 3 in C minor, Op 39
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Pomp and Circumstance March No 3 in C minor, Op 39
Edward Elgar
Chanson de matin for chamber orchestra, Op 15 No 2
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Chanson de matin for chamber orchestra, Op 15 No 2
Edward Elgar
Variations on an Original Theme, Op 36 (Enigma)
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Variations on an Original Theme, Op 36 (Enigma)
Edward Elgar
The Wand of Youth Suite No 1 (Sun Dance)
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The Wand of Youth Suite No 1 (Sun Dance)
Edward Elgar
Concerto Op.90 for piano and orchestra, compl. Robert Walker [from Elgar's sketches]
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Concerto Op.90 for piano and orchestra, compl. Robert Walker [from Elgar's sketches]
Edward Elgar
Polonia - symphonic prelude Op.76
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Polonia - symphonic prelude Op.76
Edward Elgar
Symphony No 2 in E flat major, Op 63 (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 2 in E flat major, Op 63 (3rd mvt)
Edward Elgar
Pomp and Circumstance March No 1 in D major, Op 39
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Pomp and Circumstance March No 1 in D major, Op 39
Edward Elgar
Pomp and Circumstance March No 2 in A minor, Op 39
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Pomp and Circumstance March No 2 in A minor, Op 39
Edward Elgar
Sea Pictures (Op.37)
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Sea Pictures (Op.37)
Edward Elgar
Chanson de matin op. 15, No. 2
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Chanson de matin op. 15, No. 2
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fantasy and fugue in C minor Op. 86 (after Bach's BWV 537)
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Fantasy and fugue in C minor Op. 86 (after Bach's BWV 537)
Edward Elgar
La Capricieuse Op.17
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La Capricieuse Op.17

La Capricieuse Op.17

Performer
Orchestra
Denmark National Symphony Orchestra
Edward Elgar
Bavarian Dance No 3
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Bavarian Dance No 3
Edward Elgar
Violin Concerto in B minor, Op 61
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Violin Concerto in B minor, Op 61
Edward Elgar
Falstaff - Symphonic Study Op.68
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Falstaff - Symphonic Study Op.68
Edward Elgar
Salut d'amour op 12
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Salut d'amour op 12
Edward Elgar
The Dream of Gerontius, Op 38 (Prelude)
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The Dream of Gerontius, Op 38 (Prelude)
Edward Elgar
In the South 'Alassio', Op 50
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In the South 'Alassio', Op 50
Edward Elgar
Serenade
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Serenade
Edward Elgar
Salut d'amour, Op 12, for violin and piano
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Salut d'amour, Op 12, for violin and piano
Edward Elgar
Vesper Voluntaries, Op 14: IV and V
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Vesper Voluntaries, Op 14: IV and V
Edward Elgar
Troyte (Enigma Variations)
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Troyte (Enigma Variations)
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Playlists featuring Edward Elgar


Past BBC Events

Proms 2018: Prom 20: Ten Pieces Prom
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/ebhz3d
Royal Albert Hall
2018-07-29T15:22:11
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29
Jul
2018
Proms 2018: Prom 20: Ten Pieces Prom

Proms 2018: Prom 20: Ten Pieces Prom

Royal Albert Hall
Proms 2018: Prom 19: Ten Pieces Prom
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/e94wxj
Royal Albert Hall
2018-07-29T15:22:11
https://ichef.bbci.co.uk/images/ic/208x117/p061r7gy.jpg
29
Jul
2018
Proms 2018: Prom 19: Ten Pieces Prom

Proms 2018: Prom 19: Ten Pieces Prom

Royal Albert Hall
Proms 1933: Prom 05
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/evv5d4
Queen's Hall
1933-08-17T15:22:11
17
Aug
1933

Proms 1933: Prom 05

Queen's Hall
Proms 1931: Prom 46
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/e4d38g
Queen's Hall
1931-10-01T15:22:11
1
Oct
1931

Proms 1931: Prom 46

Queen's Hall
Proms 1930: Prom 47
https://www.bbc.co.uk/events/edzrbp
Queen's Hall
1930-10-02T15:22:11
2
Oct
1930

Proms 1930: Prom 47

Queen's Hall

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