Vinnie Bell Biography (Wikipedia)
Vinnie Bell (born Vincent Gambella, 1935, New York, United States) is an American session guitarist, and pioneer of electronic effects in pop music.
He played in nightclubs in New York City in the late 1950s. His first hit was in 1962 as a member of the band The Ramrods, whose version of (Ghost) Riders in the Sky made the UK top 10 and US top 40 in 1961.
By 1962, Bell decided to devote his energies to working as a studio musician in New York and Los Angeles, developing a "watery" guitar sound popular in instrumental recordings in the 1960s. He also invented a number of electric guitar models, including the first electric 12-string guitar, and the electric sitar, which was used, not necessarily by Bell, on such hits as "Cry Like a Baby" by The Box Tops, "Green Tambourine" by The Lemon Pipers, and a cover of the love theme from the 1970 film, Airport. The last of these sold over one million copies and was awarded a gold disc. It also won a Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition in 1971, while Bell was nominated for Best Instrumental Performance.
Vinnie Bell Tracks