Franz Liszt
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1811-10-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/2cd475bb-1abd-40c4-9904-6d4b691c752c
Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt Biography (BBC)

Franciscus Liszt – named after the monastic order which his father Adam had once joined – was born in Raiding in eastern Austria, where Adam Liszt was a manager on the Eszterházy estates, and had been a cellist in the palace orchestra when Haydn was Kapellmeister. Adam took his amazingly gifted young son first to Vienna to study with Czerny (piano) and Salieri (composition), then to Paris. Aged 15 when Adam died, Liszt was already famous as a pianist of mesmerising virtuosity and musicianship.

The 1830 Paris revolution established Liszt’s republican political sympathies. Further radical influences were the music of Berlioz, Paganini’s violin playing, and friendship with the maverick Catholic Abbé Lamennais. A relationship with the older (and married) Countess Marie d’Agoult necessitated the couple’s elopement to Switzerland and Italy, where their three children were born (their daughter Cosima was to become Wagner’s second wife). When the River Danube disastrously flooded in 1838, Liszt’s fundraising concerts awoke a proud awareness of his Hungarian roots. The next years of concert touring thrilled audiences from Ireland to the Ukraine, with Liszt performing a formidable repertoire, ranging from Handel to Chopin besides his own music.

From 1847 Liszt rarely played in public. Settling in Weimar with the Ukrainian (and married) Princess Carolyne Sayn- Wittgenstein, he composed, taught piano pupils and conducted and enlarged the Weimar orchestra: major events were the premiere of Wagner’s Lohengrin (1850) and two Berlioz festivals. Revisions of piano music from the Swiss and Italian years produced supreme Romantic masterworks in the first two books of Années de pèlerinage (1838–61) and Études d’exécution transcendante (1838–51), and a remarkable fusion of sacred inspiration and secular forms in Harmonies poétiques et religieuses (1833–53). Besides the Sonata in B minor (1852–3), Liszt also completed two piano concertos (1849–56 and 1859); his Dante Symphony (1856–7) and Faust Symphony (1856–7); a Missa solemnis for the new cathedral of Esztergom (Gran) in 1855–8; and an uneven, but powerfully influential set of 12 symphonic poems (1841–58).

In 1861 Liszt followed Princess Carolyne to Rome, where Vatican-related intrigues concerning the annulment of her Catholic marriage destroyed her and Liszt’s own marriage plans. Staying on in the city, Liszt took minor Catholic orders and completed two large-scale oratorios, St Elisabeth (1857–62) and Christus (1866– 72). From 1869 Abbé Liszt divided his life between Rome, Weimar and Budapest, completing a third book of Années de pèlerinage in 1877, and exploring an astonishing, pre-modernist sound-world in his last piano and choral works.

Profile © Malcolm Hayes


Franz Liszt Performances & Interviews


Franz Liszt Tracks

Franz Liszt
A la Chapelle Sixtine (Miserere de Allegri et Ave verum corpus de Mozart) (1862)
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A la Chapelle Sixtine (Miserere de Allegri et Ave verum corpus de Mozart) (1862)

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Franz Liszt
Grand Galop chromatique in E-Flat Major, S. 219
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Grand Galop chromatique in E-Flat Major, S. 219
Franz Schubert
Erlkönig, D 328
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Erlkönig, D 328
Franz Liszt
Transcendental Study No 4 in D minor, 'Mazeppa'
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Transcendental Study No 4 in D minor, 'Mazeppa'
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs after Chopin, S.480
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6 Polish Songs after Chopin, S.480
Robert Schumann
Widmung, S.566
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Widmung, S.566
Robert Schumann
Widmung (Myrthen, Op 25), arr Liszt for piano
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Widmung (Myrthen, Op 25), arr Liszt for piano
Franz Liszt
Concert Study no.3 in D flat major 'Un sospiro'
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Concert Study no.3 in D flat major 'Un sospiro'
Franz Liszt
Fantasy on themes from Mozart
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Fantasy on themes from Mozart
Franz Liszt
Transcendental Etudes No.1 Preludio and No.5 Feux follets
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Transcendental Etudes No.1 Preludio and No.5 Feux follets
Franz Liszt
Die Rose
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Die Rose
Franz Liszt
Sonetto 123 del Petrarca (Annees de pelerinage, 2eme annee, Italie, S161)
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Sonetto 123 del Petrarca (Annees de pelerinage, 2eme annee, Italie, S161)
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480 (Meine Freuden; Die Heimkehr)
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6 Polish Songs, S.480 (Meine Freuden; Die Heimkehr)
Franz Liszt
Tarantella (Venezia e Napoli)
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Tarantella (Venezia e Napoli)
Franz Liszt
Transcendental Study No 12 in B flat minor, 'Chasse-neige'
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Transcendental Study No 12 in B flat minor, 'Chasse-neige'
Robert Schumann
Widmung
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Widmung
Franz Liszt
12 Grandes Etudes, S. 137: No. 9 in A-Flat Major
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12 Grandes Etudes, S. 137: No. 9 in A-Flat Major
Franz Liszt
Liebesträume (Notturno No 3 in A flat major)
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Liebesträume (Notturno No 3 in A flat major)
Franz Liszt
Les Jeux d'Eau a la Villa d'Este
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Les Jeux d'Eau a la Villa d'Este
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480 (Das Ringlein; Bacchanal)
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6 Polish Songs, S.480 (Das Ringlein; Bacchanal)
Franz Liszt
Grandes etudes de Paganini - no. 4
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Grandes etudes de Paganini - no. 4
Franz Liszt
Romance oubliée
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Romance oubliée
Franz Liszt
Piano Concerto No 2 in A major
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Piano Concerto No 2 in A major
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody no 3 in B flat minor, S244
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Hungarian Rhapsody no 3 in B flat minor, S244
Franz Liszt
Totentanz
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Totentanz
Franz Liszt
Fantasy on 'Szozat' (2nd Hungarian National Anthem)
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Fantasy on 'Szozat' (2nd Hungarian National Anthem)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Coronation Mass for SATB, chorus & orchestra
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Hungarian Coronation Mass for SATB, chorus & orchestra

Hungarian Coronation Mass for SATB, chorus & orchestra

Composer
Singer
Etelka Csavlek
Martá Lukin
Boldizsar Keonch
Bela Laborfalvy Soos
Choir
Choir of the Matyas Church
Budapest Choir
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 for piano (S.244 No.2) in C sharp minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 for piano (S.244 No.2) in C sharp minor
Franz Liszt
A Faust Symphony, S. 108
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A Faust Symphony, S. 108
Franz Liszt
Piano Concerto No. 1 in E flat, S. 124
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Piano Concerto No. 1 in E flat, S. 124
Franz Liszt
Five Songs
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Five Songs
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480: iv) Bacchanal
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6 Polish Songs, S.480: iv) Bacchanal
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480: ii) Frühling
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6 Polish Songs, S.480: ii) Frühling
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480: i) Mädchens Wunsch
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6 Polish Songs, S.480: i) Mädchens Wunsch
Franz Liszt
Three Petrarch Sonnets
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Three Petrarch Sonnets
Franz Liszt
Petrarch Sonnets (Pace non trovo & Benedetto sia 'l giorno, I' vidi in terra)
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Petrarch Sonnets (Pace non trovo & Benedetto sia 'l giorno, I' vidi in terra)
Franz Liszt
Romance oubliée, S. 527 (Arr. for viola and organ)
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Romance oubliée, S. 527 (Arr. for viola and organ)
Franz Liszt
Wiegenlied, S 198
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Wiegenlied, S 198
Franz Liszt
Canzonetta del Salvator Rosa (Années de pèlerinage II)
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Canzonetta del Salvator Rosa (Années de pèlerinage II)
Franz Liszt
Prelude and fugue on BACH
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Prelude and fugue on BACH
Franz Liszt
Miserere du Trovatore (Concert Paraphrase)
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Miserere du Trovatore (Concert Paraphrase)
Franz Liszt
Dem Andenken Petoifs, Petofi Szellemenek, S195
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Dem Andenken Petoifs, Petofi Szellemenek, S195
Franz Liszt
Prelude and Fugue on the name BACH, S 260 (arr. Guillou)
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Prelude and Fugue on the name BACH, S 260 (arr. Guillou)
Franz Liszt
The Fountains of the Villa d'Este
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The Fountains of the Villa d'Este
Franz Liszt
La Campanella
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La Campanella
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