Franz Liszt
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1811-10-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/2cd475bb-1abd-40c4-9904-6d4b691c752c
Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt Biography (BBC)

Franciscus Liszt – named after the monastic order which his father Adam had once joined – was born in Raiding in eastern Austria, where Adam Liszt was a manager on the Eszterházy estates, and had been a cellist in the palace orchestra when Haydn was Kapellmeister. Adam took his amazingly gifted young son first to Vienna to study with Czerny (piano) and Salieri (composition), then to Paris. Aged 15 when Adam died, Liszt was already famous as a pianist of mesmerising virtuosity and musicianship.

The 1830 Paris revolution established Liszt’s republican political sympathies. Further radical influences were the music of Berlioz, Paganini’s violin playing, and friendship with the maverick Catholic Abbé Lamennais. A relationship with the older (and married) Countess Marie d’Agoult necessitated the couple’s elopement to Switzerland and Italy, where their three children were born (their daughter Cosima was to become Wagner’s second wife). When the River Danube disastrously flooded in 1838, Liszt’s fundraising concerts awoke a proud awareness of his Hungarian roots. The next years of concert touring thrilled audiences from Ireland to the Ukraine, with Liszt performing a formidable repertoire, ranging from Handel to Chopin besides his own music.

From 1847 Liszt rarely played in public. Settling in Weimar with the Ukrainian (and married) Princess Carolyne Sayn- Wittgenstein, he composed, taught piano pupils and conducted and enlarged the Weimar orchestra: major events were the premiere of Wagner’s Lohengrin (1850) and two Berlioz festivals. Revisions of piano music from the Swiss and Italian years produced supreme Romantic masterworks in the first two books of Années de pèlerinage (1838–61) and Études d’exécution transcendante (1838–51), and a remarkable fusion of sacred inspiration and secular forms in Harmonies poétiques et religieuses (1833–53). Besides the Sonata in B minor (1852–3), Liszt also completed two piano concertos (1849–56 and 1859); his Dante Symphony (1856–7) and Faust Symphony (1856–7); a Missa solemnis for the new cathedral of Esztergom (Gran) in 1855–8; and an uneven, but powerfully influential set of 12 symphonic poems (1841–58).

In 1861 Liszt followed Princess Carolyne to Rome, where Vatican-related intrigues concerning the annulment of her Catholic marriage destroyed her and Liszt’s own marriage plans. Staying on in the city, Liszt took minor Catholic orders and completed two large-scale oratorios, St Elisabeth (1857–62) and Christus (1866– 72). From 1869 Abbé Liszt divided his life between Rome, Weimar and Budapest, completing a third book of Années de pèlerinage in 1877, and exploring an astonishing, pre-modernist sound-world in his last piano and choral works.

Profile © Malcolm Hayes


Franz Liszt Performances & Interviews


Franz Liszt Tracks

Franz Liszt
Rakoczy March
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Rakoczy March

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Franz Liszt
Piano Sonata in B minor S.178
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Piano Sonata in B minor S.178
Franz Liszt
Deuxième Valse oublieé, S 215/2
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Deuxième Valse oublieé, S 215/2
Franz Liszt
Piano Concerto No.1 in E flat, S.124
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Piano Concerto No.1 in E flat, S.124
Franz Liszt
Two Concert Studies S 145
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Two Concert Studies S 145
Franz Liszt
La Campanella
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La Campanella
Giuseppe Verdi
Rigoletto (paraphrase de concert for piano) (S.434)
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Rigoletto (paraphrase de concert for piano) (S.434)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
Franz Liszt
Legende No 1: St Francois d'Assise prechant aux oiseaux, S175
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Legende No 1: St Francois d'Assise prechant aux oiseaux, S175
Franz Liszt
Fantasy on themes from Mozart
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Fantasy on themes from Mozart
Franz Liszt
Les jeux d'eaux à la Villa d'Este (3me Années de pèlerinage)
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Les jeux d'eaux à la Villa d'Este (3me Années de pèlerinage)
Franz Liszt
Au bord d'une source (Années de pèlerinage I)
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Au bord d'une source (Années de pèlerinage I)
Franz Liszt
Orpheus - symphonic poem S.98 for orchestra
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Orpheus - symphonic poem S.98 for orchestra
Franz Schubert
Ellens Gesang, D 839 'Ave Maria' transc Liszt
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Ellens Gesang, D 839 'Ave Maria' transc Liszt
Franz Liszt
La Lugubre gondola S.200
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La Lugubre gondola S.200
Franz Liszt
Les Cloches de Geneve
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Les Cloches de Geneve
Franz Liszt
Prometheus
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Prometheus
Franz Liszt
Benedetto sia'l giorno (3 Petrarch Sonnets)
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Benedetto sia'l giorno (3 Petrarch Sonnets)
Franz Liszt
Annees de pelerinage - 1er annee, Suiss: IV Au bord d'une source
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Annees de pelerinage - 1er annee, Suiss: IV Au bord d'une source
Franz Liszt
Mephisto waltz no 1, S514
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Mephisto waltz no 1, S514
Franz Liszt
Consolation No. 3 in D flat major
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Consolation No. 3 in D flat major
Franz Liszt
Rakoczy March
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Rakoczy March
Franz Liszt
La Campanella
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La Campanella
Franz Liszt
Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
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Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
Franz Liszt
Via crucis (Station XIV: Jesus est mis dans le sepulcre)
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Via crucis (Station XIV: Jesus est mis dans le sepulcre)
Franz Liszt
Les Jeux d'Eau a la Villa d'Este
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Les Jeux d'Eau a la Villa d'Este
Franz Liszt
Die Stille Wasserose
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Die Stille Wasserose
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Royal Song
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Hungarian Royal Song
Franz Liszt
Les cloches de Genève (Années de pèlerinage - Première année: Suisse)
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Les cloches de Genève (Années de pèlerinage - Première année: Suisse)
Franz Liszt
Ahi! Nell'ansio rapimento (Sardanapalo)
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Ahi! Nell'ansio rapimento (Sardanapalo)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No 15 in A minor, 'Rakoczy March'
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 15 in A minor, 'Rakoczy March'
Franz Liszt
Liebesträume (No 3 in A flat major)
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Liebesträume (No 3 in A flat major)
Franz Liszt
Sonetto 123 di Petrarca (S.158 No.3): Io vidi in terra angelici costumi
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Sonetto 123 di Petrarca (S.158 No.3): Io vidi in terra angelici costumi
Franz Liszt
Transcendental Studies, S139 - No.2 in A minor 'Fusees'
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Transcendental Studies, S139 - No.2 in A minor 'Fusees'
Franz Liszt
Les jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este
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Les jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este
Franz Liszt
Rhapsodie espagnole (Folies d'Espagne et jota aragone) S.254
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Rhapsodie espagnole (Folies d'Espagne et jota aragone) S.254
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No 3 in D major
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 3 in D major
Franz Liszt
Liebesträume (arr. for harp)
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Liebesträume (arr. for harp)

Liebesträume (arr. for harp)

Composer
Performer
Agnès Clément
Music Arranger
Agnès Clément
Franz Liszt
Mephisto Waltz No.1 ('The Dance in the Village Inn')
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Mephisto Waltz No.1 ('The Dance in the Village Inn')
Franz Liszt
Consolation in D flat major, S.172 no.3
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Consolation in D flat major, S.172 no.3

Consolation in D flat major, S.172 no.3

Composer
Performer
Agnès Clément
Last played on
Franz Liszt
Orpheus - symphonic poem S.98 for orchestra
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Orpheus - symphonic poem S.98 for orchestra
Franz Liszt
Sardanapalo: Conclusion
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Sardanapalo: Conclusion
Franz Liszt
La lugubre gondola
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La lugubre gondola
Robert Schumann
Widmung, S.566
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Widmung, S.566
Frédéric Chopin
Two Polish Songs: Ring; Dream Song
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Two Polish Songs: Ring; Dream Song
Franz Liszt
Sardanapalo (Prelude and Veni! Risplendono Festive Faci)
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Sardanapalo (Prelude and Veni! Risplendono Festive Faci)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
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