Franz Liszt
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1811-10-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/2cd475bb-1abd-40c4-9904-6d4b691c752c
Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt Biography (BBC)

Franciscus Liszt – named after the monastic order which his father Adam had once joined – was born in Raiding in eastern Austria, where Adam Liszt was a manager on the Eszterházy estates, and had been a cellist in the palace orchestra when Haydn was Kapellmeister. Adam took his amazingly gifted young son first to Vienna to study with Czerny (piano) and Salieri (composition), then to Paris. Aged 15 when Adam died, Liszt was already famous as a pianist of mesmerising virtuosity and musicianship.

The 1830 Paris revolution established Liszt’s republican political sympathies. Further radical influences were the music of Berlioz, Paganini’s violin playing, and friendship with the maverick Catholic Abbé Lamennais. A relationship with the older (and married) Countess Marie d’Agoult necessitated the couple’s elopement to Switzerland and Italy, where their three children were born (their daughter Cosima was to become Wagner’s second wife). When the River Danube disastrously flooded in 1838, Liszt’s fundraising concerts awoke a proud awareness of his Hungarian roots. The next years of concert touring thrilled audiences from Ireland to the Ukraine, with Liszt performing a formidable repertoire, ranging from Handel to Chopin besides his own music.

From 1847 Liszt rarely played in public. Settling in Weimar with the Ukrainian (and married) Princess Carolyne Sayn- Wittgenstein, he composed, taught piano pupils and conducted and enlarged the Weimar orchestra: major events were the premiere of Wagner’s Lohengrin (1850) and two Berlioz festivals. Revisions of piano music from the Swiss and Italian years produced supreme Romantic masterworks in the first two books of Années de pèlerinage (1838–61) and Études d’exécution transcendante (1838–51), and a remarkable fusion of sacred inspiration and secular forms in Harmonies poétiques et religieuses (1833–53). Besides the Sonata in B minor (1852–3), Liszt also completed two piano concertos (1849–56 and 1859); his Dante Symphony (1856–7) and Faust Symphony (1856–7); a Missa solemnis for the new cathedral of Esztergom (Gran) in 1855–8; and an uneven, but powerfully influential set of 12 symphonic poems (1841–58).

In 1861 Liszt followed Princess Carolyne to Rome, where Vatican-related intrigues concerning the annulment of her Catholic marriage destroyed her and Liszt’s own marriage plans. Staying on in the city, Liszt took minor Catholic orders and completed two large-scale oratorios, St Elisabeth (1857–62) and Christus (1866– 72). From 1869 Abbé Liszt divided his life between Rome, Weimar and Budapest, completing a third book of Années de pèlerinage in 1877, and exploring an astonishing, pre-modernist sound-world in his last piano and choral works.

Profile © Malcolm Hayes


Franz Liszt Performances & Interviews


Franz Liszt Tracks

Franz Liszt
Sonetto 123 del Petrarca from Années de Pèlerinage - Année 2: Italie S. 161
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Sonetto 123 del Petrarca from Années de Pèlerinage - Année 2: Italie S. 161

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Franz Liszt
Totentanz
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Totentanz
Franz Liszt
Fantasy on 'Szozat' (2nd Hungarian National Anthem)
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Fantasy on 'Szozat' (2nd Hungarian National Anthem)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Coronation Mass for SATB, chorus & orchestra
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Hungarian Coronation Mass for SATB, chorus & orchestra

Hungarian Coronation Mass for SATB, chorus & orchestra

Composer
Singer
Etelka Csavlek
Martá Lukin
Boldizsar Keonch
Bela Laborfalvy Soos
Choir
Choir of the Matyas Church
Budapest Choir
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 for piano (S.244 No.2) in C sharp minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No.2 for piano (S.244 No.2) in C sharp minor
Franz Liszt
A Faust Symphony, S. 108
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A Faust Symphony, S. 108
Franz Liszt
Piano Concerto No. 1 in E flat, S. 124
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Piano Concerto No. 1 in E flat, S. 124
Franz Liszt
Five Songs
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Five Songs
Franz Liszt
Grande etude de Paganini No. 4
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Grande etude de Paganini No. 4
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480: iv) Bacchanal
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6 Polish Songs, S.480: iv) Bacchanal
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480: ii) Frühling
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6 Polish Songs, S.480: ii) Frühling
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs, S.480: i) Mädchens Wunsch
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6 Polish Songs, S.480: i) Mädchens Wunsch
Franz Liszt
Three Petrarch Sonnets
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Three Petrarch Sonnets
Franz Liszt
Petrarch Sonnets (Pace non trovo & Benedetto sia 'l giorno, I' vidi in terra)
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Petrarch Sonnets (Pace non trovo & Benedetto sia 'l giorno, I' vidi in terra)
Franz Liszt
Romance oubliée, S. 527 (Arr. for viola and organ)
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Romance oubliée, S. 527 (Arr. for viola and organ)
Franz Liszt
Wiegenlied, S 198
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Wiegenlied, S 198
Franz Liszt
Canzonetta del Salvator Rosa (Années de pèlerinage II)
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Canzonetta del Salvator Rosa (Années de pèlerinage II)
Franz Liszt
Prelude and fugue on BACH
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Prelude and fugue on BACH
Franz Liszt
Miserere du Trovatore (Concert Paraphrase)
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Miserere du Trovatore (Concert Paraphrase)
Franz Liszt
Dem Andenken Petoifs, Petofi Szellemenek, S195
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Dem Andenken Petoifs, Petofi Szellemenek, S195
Franz Liszt
Les Jeux d'Eau a la Villa d'Este
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Les Jeux d'Eau a la Villa d'Este
Franz Liszt
Prelude and Fugue on the name BACH, S 260 (arr. Guillou)
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Prelude and Fugue on the name BACH, S 260 (arr. Guillou)
Franz Liszt
The Fountains of the Villa d'Este
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The Fountains of the Villa d'Este
Franz Liszt
La Campanella
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La Campanella
Franz Liszt
Lose Himmel, meine seele (S.494)
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Lose Himmel, meine seele (S.494)
Franz Liszt
Années de pèlerinage II, Supplément, S. 162: I. Gondoliera (From Venezia e Napol
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Années de pèlerinage II, Supplément, S. 162: I. Gondoliera (From Venezia e Napol
Franz Liszt
Hymne de l'enfant à son reveil, S19
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Hymne de l'enfant à son reveil, S19

Hymne de l'enfant à son reveil, S19

Composer
Performer
Hedi Lubik
Gábor Lehotka
Choir
Girls' Choir of Gyor
Conductor
Miklos Szabo
Franz Liszt
Années de pèlerinage, S.160 'Suisse' (Au bord d'une source)
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Années de pèlerinage, S.160 'Suisse' (Au bord d'une source)
Franz Liszt
Liebestraume (orig. for piano solo)
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Liebestraume (orig. for piano solo)
Franz Liszt
Au bord d'une source (Années de pèlerinage I)
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Au bord d'une source (Années de pèlerinage I)
Franz Liszt
Impromptu ("Nocturne") in F sharp major
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Impromptu ("Nocturne") in F sharp major
Franz Liszt
Consolation No 3 in D flat major
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Consolation No 3 in D flat major
Franz Liszt
"Ricordanza" from the Transcendental Etudes
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"Ricordanza" from the Transcendental Etudes
Franz Liszt
Rhapsodie espagnole (Folies d'Espagne et jota aragone) S.254
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Rhapsodie espagnole (Folies d'Espagne et jota aragone) S.254
Franz Liszt
Wagner - Walhall aus der Ring des Nibelungen, S449/R282
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Wagner - Walhall aus der Ring des Nibelungen, S449/R282
Franz Liszt
2 Episodes From Lenau's Faust S.110 for orchestra
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2 Episodes From Lenau's Faust S.110 for orchestra
Franz Liszt
Sonetto 123 del Petrarca from Années de Pèlerinage - Année 2: Italie S. 161
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Sonetto 123 del Petrarca from Années de Pèlerinage - Année 2: Italie S. 161
Franz Liszt
Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
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Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
Franz Liszt
Harmonies poetiques et religieuses (10), S.173 No.3
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Harmonies poetiques et religieuses (10), S.173 No.3
Franz Schubert
Ellens Gesang 3 'Ave Maria', D.839
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Ellens Gesang 3 'Ave Maria', D.839
Franz Liszt
Les jeux d'eaux à la Villa d'Este (3me Années de pèlerinage)
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Les jeux d'eaux à la Villa d'Este (3me Années de pèlerinage)
Franz Liszt
Piano Concerto no. 1 in E flat major, S.124
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Piano Concerto no. 1 in E flat major, S.124
Franz Liszt
Gretchen - A Faust Symphony (2nd movement)
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Gretchen - A Faust Symphony (2nd movement)
Richard Wagner
Spinning Chorus (The Flying Dutchman)
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Spinning Chorus (The Flying Dutchman)
Franz Liszt
Au lac de Wallenstadt (Années de pèlerinage I)
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Au lac de Wallenstadt (Années de pèlerinage I)
Franz Liszt
Les préludes
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Les préludes
Franz Liszt
La Campanella (6 Grandes etudes de Paganini)
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La Campanella (6 Grandes etudes de Paganini)
Franz Liszt
Liebesträume - 3 Notturnos S.541 (no.3)
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Liebesträume - 3 Notturnos S.541 (no.3)
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