Franz Liszt
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1811-10-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/2cd475bb-1abd-40c4-9904-6d4b691c752c
Franz Liszt

Franz Liszt Biography (BBC)

Franciscus Liszt – named after the monastic order which his father Adam had once joined – was born in Raiding in eastern Austria, where Adam Liszt was a manager on the Eszterházy estates, and had been a cellist in the palace orchestra when Haydn was Kapellmeister. Adam took his amazingly gifted young son first to Vienna to study with Czerny (piano) and Salieri (composition), then to Paris. Aged 15 when Adam died, Liszt was already famous as a pianist of mesmerising virtuosity and musicianship.

The 1830 Paris revolution established Liszt’s republican political sympathies. Further radical influences were the music of Berlioz, Paganini’s violin playing, and friendship with the maverick Catholic Abbé Lamennais. A relationship with the older (and married) Countess Marie d’Agoult necessitated the couple’s elopement to Switzerland and Italy, where their three children were born (their daughter Cosima was to become Wagner’s second wife). When the River Danube disastrously flooded in 1838, Liszt’s fundraising concerts awoke a proud awareness of his Hungarian roots. The next years of concert touring thrilled audiences from Ireland to the Ukraine, with Liszt performing a formidable repertoire, ranging from Handel to Chopin besides his own music.

From 1847 Liszt rarely played in public. Settling in Weimar with the Ukrainian (and married) Princess Carolyne Sayn- Wittgenstein, he composed, taught piano pupils and conducted and enlarged the Weimar orchestra: major events were the premiere of Wagner’s Lohengrin (1850) and two Berlioz festivals. Revisions of piano music from the Swiss and Italian years produced supreme Romantic masterworks in the first two books of Années de pèlerinage (1838–61) and Études d’exécution transcendante (1838–51), and a remarkable fusion of sacred inspiration and secular forms in Harmonies poétiques et religieuses (1833–53). Besides the Sonata in B minor (1852–3), Liszt also completed two piano concertos (1849–56 and 1859); his Dante Symphony (1856–7) and Faust Symphony (1856–7); a Missa solemnis for the new cathedral of Esztergom (Gran) in 1855–8; and an uneven, but powerfully influential set of 12 symphonic poems (1841–58).

In 1861 Liszt followed Princess Carolyne to Rome, where Vatican-related intrigues concerning the annulment of her Catholic marriage destroyed her and Liszt’s own marriage plans. Staying on in the city, Liszt took minor Catholic orders and completed two large-scale oratorios, St Elisabeth (1857–62) and Christus (1866– 72). From 1869 Abbé Liszt divided his life between Rome, Weimar and Budapest, completing a third book of Années de pèlerinage in 1877, and exploring an astonishing, pre-modernist sound-world in his last piano and choral works.

Profile © Malcolm Hayes


Franz Liszt Performances & Interviews


Franz Liszt Tracks

Franz Liszt
Concert Study no.3 in D flat major 'Un sospiro'
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Concert Study no.3 in D flat major 'Un sospiro'

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Franz Liszt
'Paganini' Etude No.6 in A minor
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'Paganini' Etude No.6 in A minor
Franz Liszt
Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
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Tarantella from Venezia e Napoli (S.162)
Franz Liszt
Concerto no. 1 in E flat major S.124 for piano and orchestra
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Concerto no. 1 in E flat major S.124 for piano and orchestra
Franz Schubert
Die Forelle
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Die Forelle
Franz Liszt
Orpheus - symphonic poem S.98
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Orpheus - symphonic poem S.98
Franz Liszt
Sonetto 123 di Petrarca (S.158 No.3): Io vidi in terra angelici costumi
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Sonetto 123 di Petrarca (S.158 No.3): Io vidi in terra angelici costumi
Franz Liszt
La leggierezza, from 'Trois études de concert'
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La leggierezza, from 'Trois études de concert'
Franz Liszt
Les Jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este
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Les Jeux d'eau a la Villa d'Este
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in C sharp minor
Franz Liszt
Sonetto 123 di Petrarca (S.158 No.3): Io vidi in terra angelici costumi
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Sonetto 123 di Petrarca (S.158 No.3): Io vidi in terra angelici costumi
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No. 9 'Carnival in Pest'
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Hungarian Rhapsody No. 9 'Carnival in Pest'
Franz Liszt
3 Études de concert, S.144, No. 2 in F Minor, 'La Leggerezza'
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3 Études de concert, S.144, No. 2 in F Minor, 'La Leggerezza'
Hector Berlioz
Benediction and Oath (Benvenuto Cellini) S.396
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Benediction and Oath (Benvenuto Cellini) S.396
Franz Liszt
Transcendental Study No 5 in B flat major, 'Feux-follets'
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Transcendental Study No 5 in B flat major, 'Feux-follets'
Franz Liszt
Wiegenlied, S.198
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Wiegenlied, S.198
Richard Wagner
Overture to Tannhauser S.442
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Overture to Tannhauser S.442
Franz Liszt
Valse impromptu S.213
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Valse impromptu S.213

Valse impromptu S.213

Composer
Performer
Jean Muller
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Franz Liszt
Waldesrauschen - from Two Concert studies, S145
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Waldesrauschen - from Two Concert studies, S145
Franz Liszt
Consolation No 2 in E major (6 Consolations)
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Consolation No 2 in E major (6 Consolations)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in D minor
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 2 in D minor
Franz Liszt
Orpheus
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Orpheus
Franz Liszt
St Francis d’Assise (2 Legendes, S.175)
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St Francis d’Assise (2 Legendes, S.175)
Franz Liszt
Vor Hundert Jahren
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Vor Hundert Jahren
Franz Liszt
Die Heimkehr (Six Polish Songs transc for piano)
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Die Heimkehr (Six Polish Songs transc for piano)
Franz Liszt
En Rêve - Nocturne, S 207
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En Rêve - Nocturne, S 207
Franz Liszt
Hungarian Rhapsody No 6 in D flat major
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Hungarian Rhapsody No 6 in D flat major
Franz Liszt
Es rauschen die Winde, S 294b
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Es rauschen die Winde, S 294b
Franz Liszt
Petrarch Sonnet No 123 (Annees de Pelerinage, S 161)
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Petrarch Sonnet No 123 (Annees de Pelerinage, S 161)
Franz Liszt
Petrarch Sonnet No 104 (Annees de Pelerinage, S 161)
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Petrarch Sonnet No 104 (Annees de Pelerinage, S 161)
Franz Liszt
Petrarch Sonnet No 47 (Annees de Pelerinage, S 161)
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Petrarch Sonnet No 47 (Annees de Pelerinage, S 161)
Franz Liszt
Tasso: lamento e trionfo - symphonic poem after Byron (S.96)
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Tasso: lamento e trionfo - symphonic poem after Byron (S.96)
Franz Liszt
Isoldes Liebestod, S 447 (arr. from Wagner)
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Isoldes Liebestod, S 447 (arr. from Wagner)
Franz Liszt
Sonetto 47 del Petrarca (Annees de pelerinage - Italie)
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Sonetto 47 del Petrarca  (Annees de pelerinage - Italie)
Franz Liszt
Liebestraume - 3 notturnos S.541 for piano
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Liebestraume - 3 notturnos S.541 for piano
Franz Liszt
Liszt: La Campanella (From Six Grandes Etudes de Paganini, S.141
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Liszt: La Campanella (From Six Grandes Etudes de Paganini, S.141
Franz Liszt
Rigoletto: Paraphrase de concert
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Rigoletto: Paraphrase de concert
Franz Liszt
Un sospiro
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Un sospiro
Franz Liszt
Liebesträume (No 3 in A flat major)
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Liebesträume (No 3 in A flat major)
Franz Liszt
Mephisto Waltz No 1
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Mephisto Waltz No 1
Franz Liszt
Grand Galop chromatique in E-Flat Major, S. 219
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Grand Galop chromatique in E-Flat Major, S. 219
Franz Schubert
Erlkönig, D 328
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Erlkönig, D 328
Franz Liszt
Transcendental Study No 4 in D minor, 'Mazeppa'
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Transcendental Study No 4 in D minor, 'Mazeppa'
Frédéric Chopin
6 Polish Songs after Chopin, S.480
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6 Polish Songs after Chopin, S.480
Robert Schumann
Widmung, S.566
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Widmung, S.566
Robert Schumann
Widmung (Myrthen, Op 25), arr Liszt for piano
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Widmung (Myrthen, Op 25), arr Liszt for piano
Franz Liszt
Concert Study no.3 in D flat major 'Un sospiro'
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Concert Study no.3 in D flat major 'Un sospiro'
Franz Liszt
Fantasy on themes from Mozart
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Fantasy on themes from Mozart
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