Johann Sebastian Bach
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1685-03-21
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/24f1766e-9635-4d58-a4d4-9413f9f98a4c
Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (BBC)

Born in the German town of Eisenach, J. S. Bach was a chorister then violinist before taking his first organist post at Arnstadt while still a teenager. It was in Weimar, as court organist from 1708, that Bach began to produce monthly cantatas, and wrote many of his great organ works, as well as organ transcriptions of concertos by Vivaldi.

In 1717 Prince Leopold offered him the position of Kapellmeister at Cöthen, where he wrote the Brandenburg Concertos, the four Orchestral Suites and the violin concertos, and married his second wife Anna Magdalena, who bore 13 children. Bach's fearsome duties in his final job, as Kantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig from 1723 until his death, involved teaching Latin and Music, choir-training, and writing and directing music for the services.

Nevertheless he managed also to write the Mass in B minor, the six choral Motets, The Art of Fugue, The Musical Offering and Goldberg Variations during this time. His inventive contrapuntalism became unfashionable soon after his death until the early 19th century, since when his reputation has remained unquestioned.

Profile © Edward Bhesania

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (Wikipedia)

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Western art musical canon.

The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph Bach, after which he continued his musical development in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar—where he expanded his repertoire for the organ—and Köthen—where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.

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Johann Sebastian Bach Performances & Interviews


Featured Works


Johann Sebastian Bach Tracks

Johann Sebastian Bach
Keyboard Concerto No 5 in F minor, BWV 1056
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Keyboard Concerto No 5 in F minor, BWV 1056

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Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto for Three Harpsichords in C, BWV 1064
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Concerto for Three Harpsichords in C, BWV 1064
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sonata no. 3 in C major BWV.1005 for violin solo; Adagio
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Sonata no. 3 in C major BWV.1005 for violin solo; Adagio
Johann Sebastian Bach
Air, Overture in D major, BWV 1068
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Air, Overture in D major, BWV 1068
Johann Sebastian Bach
French Suite No 5 in G major, BWV 816 (Gavotte)
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French Suite No 5 in G major, BWV 816 (Gavotte)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata No.50 'Nun ist das Heil und die Kraft', BWV 50
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Cantata No.50 'Nun ist das Heil und die Kraft', BWV 50
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata No.149 'Man singet mit Freuden vom Sieg', BWV 149
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Cantata No.149 'Man singet mit Freuden vom Sieg', BWV 149
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata No.130 'Herr Gott, dich loben alle wir', BWV 130
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Cantata No.130 'Herr Gott, dich loben alle wir', BWV 130
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata No. 19 'Es erhub sich ein Streit', BWV 19
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Cantata No. 19 'Es erhub sich ein Streit', BWV 19
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No 3 in G major, BWV 1048 (2nd mvt)
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Brandenburg Concerto No 3 in G major, BWV 1048 (2nd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043
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Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in F minor, BWV.881 (Book 2, The Well-Tempered Clavier)
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Prelude and Fugue in F minor, BWV.881 (Book 2, The Well-Tempered Clavier)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fantasia and fugue in A minor BWV.904 for keyboard
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Fantasia and fugue in A minor BWV.904 for keyboard
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fudge Fugue (arr from Fugue in G minor, BWV 578)
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Fudge Fugue (arr from Fugue in G minor, BWV 578)
Johann Sebastian Bach
The Art of Fugue (Contrapunctus I arr for brass)
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The Art of Fugue (Contrapunctus I arr for brass)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Partita No 1 in B flat major, BWV 825 arr for marimba (Courante)
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Partita No 1 in B flat major, BWV 825 arr for marimba (Courante)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Air (Bach Suite)
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Air (Bach Suite)
Johann Sebastian Bach
6 Little preludes BWV.933-8
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6 Little preludes BWV.933-8
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No 3 in G major, BWV 1048 arr Mowat (3rd mvt)
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Brandenburg Concerto No 3 in G major, BWV 1048 arr Mowat (3rd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No 3 in D major, BWV 1068 (Overture)
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Orchestral Suite No 3 in D major, BWV 1068 (Overture)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Keyboard Partita no.1 in B flat major BWV.825 (Menuets I and II; Gigue)
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Keyboard Partita no.1 in B flat major BWV.825 (Menuets I and II; Gigue)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cello Suite no.5 (Prelude)
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Cello Suite no.5 (Prelude)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Air On A G String
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Air On A G String
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No 4 in D major, BWV 1069 (Réjouissance)
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Orchestral Suite No 4 in D major, BWV 1069 (Réjouissance)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sarabande from D minor Partita for unaccompanied violin BWV 1004
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Sarabande from D minor Partita for unaccompanied violin BWV 1004
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata BWV 12 Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen - Sinfonia & Chorus
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Cantata BWV 12 Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen - Sinfonia & Chorus
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude And Fugue in C major BWV531
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Prelude And Fugue in C major BWV531
Johann Sebastian Bach
Jesu, meine Freude - motet (BWV.227)
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Jesu, meine Freude - motet (BWV.227)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude in B minor (from JS Bach's Prelude in E minor BWV 855a)
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Prelude in B minor (from JS Bach's Prelude in E minor BWV 855a)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Keyboard Concerto in A major BWV 1055 (1st mvt)
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Keyboard Concerto in A major BWV 1055 (1st mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Keyboard Concerto No 7 in G minor, BWV 1058
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Keyboard Concerto No 7 in G minor, BWV 1058
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto in D Minor, BWV 1059r for oboe, strings and basso continuo
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Concerto in D Minor, BWV 1059r for oboe, strings and basso continuo
Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Sonata in E minor, BWV1023
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Violin Sonata in E minor, BWV1023
Johann Sebastian Bach
Real Tug
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Real Tug
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV 847 (Book 1, The Well-Tempered Clavier)
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Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV 847 (Book 1, The Well-Tempered Clavier)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No 6, BWV 1051 (arr for 2 harpsichords)
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Brandenburg Concerto No 6, BWV 1051 (arr for 2 harpsichords)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Suite no 1 in C major, BWV 1066
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Suite no 1 in C major, BWV 1066
Johann Sebastian Bach
French Suite No.6 in E major, BWV817
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French Suite No.6 in E major, BWV817
Johann Sebastian Bach
Magnificat (opening)
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Magnificat (opening)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Schlummert ein, ihr matten Augen (Cantata No 82)
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Schlummert ein, ihr matten Augen (Cantata No 82)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata in G major BWV.914 for keyboard
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Toccata in G major BWV.914 for keyboard
Johann Sebastian Bach
Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern (Cantata No 1)
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Wie schön leuchtet der Morgenstern (Cantata No 1)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Concerto in A minor, BWV.1041
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Violin Concerto in A minor, BWV.1041
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in D minor from Book II of 'Das Wohltemperierte Klavier'
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Prelude and Fugue in D minor from Book II of 'Das Wohltemperierte Klavier'
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