Johann Sebastian Bach
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1685-03-21
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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (BBC)

Born in the German town of Eisenach, J. S. Bach was a chorister then violinist before taking his first organist post at Arnstadt while still a teenager. It was in Weimar, as court organist from 1708, that Bach began to produce monthly cantatas, and wrote many of his great organ works, as well as organ transcriptions of concertos by Vivaldi.

In 1717 Prince Leopold offered him the position of Kapellmeister at Cöthen, where he wrote the Brandenburg Concertos, the four Orchestral Suites and the violin concertos, and married his second wife Anna Magdalena, who bore 13 children. Bach's fearsome duties in his final job, as Kantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig from 1723 until his death, involved teaching Latin and Music, choir-training, and writing and directing music for the services.

Nevertheless he managed also to write the Mass in B minor, the six choral Motets, The Art of Fugue, The Musical Offering and Goldberg Variations during this time. His inventive contrapuntalism became unfashionable soon after his death until the early 19th century, since when his reputation has remained unquestioned.

Profile © Edward Bhesania

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (Wikipedia)

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Western art musical canon.

The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph Bach, after which he continued his musical development in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.

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Johann Sebastian Bach Performances & Interviews


Featured Works


Johann Sebastian Bach Tracks

Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata BWV132 'Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn'
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Cantata BWV132 'Bereitet die Wege, bereitet die Bahn'

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Johann Sebastian Bach
TOCCATA & FUGUE IN D MINOR
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TOCCATA & FUGUE IN D MINOR
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg concerto no. 3 (BWV.1048) in G major
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Brandenburg concerto no. 3 (BWV.1048) in G major
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fantasia 'Komm, heiliger Geist', BWV 651
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Fantasia 'Komm, heiliger Geist', BWV 651
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fantasia and Fugue in G minor (Great) for organ, BWV 542
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Fantasia and Fugue in G minor (Great) for organ, BWV 542
Johann Sebastian Bach
Dona nobis pacem (Mass in B minor)
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Dona nobis pacem (Mass in B minor)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Bist Du Bei Mir, BWV 508
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Bist Du Bei Mir, BWV 508
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata: 'Ich hatte viel Bekummernis' BWV.21
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Cantata: 'Ich hatte viel Bekummernis' BWV.21

Cantata: 'Ich hatte viel Bekummernis' BWV.21

Ensemble
Solisti e Chorus of Swiss-Italian Radio
Ensemble Vanitas Lugano
Conductor
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 in F Major, BWV1046 i) Allegro
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Brandenburg Concerto No. 1 in F Major, BWV1046 i) Allegro
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No 1 in F major, BWV 1046
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Brandenburg Concerto No 1 in F major, BWV 1046
Johann Sebastian Bach
Suite no. 2 in B minor BWV.1067 for orchestra i 7th movement; Badinerie
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Suite no. 2 in B minor BWV.1067 for orchestra i 7th movement; Badinerie
Johann Sebastian Bach
Suite no. 2 in B minor BWV.1067 for orchestra [with solo flute]
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Suite no. 2 in B minor BWV.1067 for orchestra [with solo flute]
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in D major, BWV.1050 (1st mvt)
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Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in D major, BWV.1050 (1st mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Young Rich
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Young Rich
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sonata no. 4 in E minor BWV.528 transc. for piano: 2nd movement; Adagio
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Sonata no. 4 in E minor BWV.528 transc. for piano: 2nd movement; Adagio
Johann Sebastian Bach
Magnificat anima mea (Magnificat in D major, BWV 243)
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Magnificat anima mea (Magnificat in D major, BWV 243)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Wachet auf! Ruft uns dei Stimme ( Cantata no. 140 BWV.140)
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Wachet auf! Ruft uns dei Stimme ( Cantata no. 140 BWV.140)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Chaconne, from Partita No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1004
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Chaconne, from Partita No. 2 in D minor, BWV 1004
Johann Sebastian Bach
Keyboard Partita no.4, BWV.828 (Allemande)
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Keyboard Partita no.4, BWV.828 (Allemande)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in E flat major 'St Anne', BWV 552
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Prelude and Fugue in E flat major 'St Anne', BWV 552
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto no 2 in F major, BWV 1047
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Brandenburg Concerto no 2 in F major, BWV 1047
Johann Sebastian Bach
English Suite No 2 in A minor, BWV 807 (Prelude)
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English Suite No 2 in A minor, BWV 807 (Prelude)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Ergiesse dich reichlich, du gottliche Quelle (Cantata BWV.5)
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Ergiesse dich reichlich, du gottliche Quelle (Cantata BWV.5)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Der Geist hilft unser Schwachheit auf, BWV.226
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Der Geist hilft unser Schwachheit auf, BWV.226
Johann Sebastian Bach
Furchte dich nicht, ich bin bei dir, BWV228
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Furchte dich nicht, ich bin bei dir, BWV228
Johann Sebastian Bach
Lobet den Herrn, alle Heiden BWV.230
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Lobet den Herrn, alle Heiden BWV.230
Johann Sebastian Bach
Jesu, meine Freude, BWV 227
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Jesu, meine Freude, BWV 227
Johann Sebastian Bach
Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229
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Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229
Johann Sebastian Bach
Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied, BWV 225
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Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied, BWV 225
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No 1 in C major, BWV 1066 (Bourrée 1 and 2)
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Orchestral Suite No 1 in C major, BWV 1066 (Bourrée 1 and 2)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D, BWV 1050
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Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D, BWV 1050
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sonata no. 3 in C major BWV.1005 for violin solo i Largo
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Sonata no. 3 in C major BWV.1005 for violin solo i Largo
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in C sharp major, BWV.848
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Prelude and Fugue in C sharp major, BWV.848
Johann Sebastian Bach
Solo Violin Sonata No.1 in G Minor, BWV.1001 (Presto)
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Solo Violin Sonata No.1 in G Minor, BWV.1001 (Presto)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Mir ekelt mehr zu leben (Cantata No.170, 'Vergnugte Ruh', beliebte Seelenlust')
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Mir ekelt mehr zu leben (Cantata No.170, 'Vergnugte Ruh', beliebte Seelenlust')
Johann Sebastian Bach
Nun freut euch, lieben Christen g'mein, BWV 734
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Nun freut euch, lieben Christen g'mein, BWV 734
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in A major for organ, BWV 536
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Prelude and Fugue in A major for organ, BWV 536
Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Partita No 3 in E major, BWV 1006 (arr. for organ)
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Violin Partita No 3 in E major, BWV 1006 (arr. for organ)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata and Fugue in F major for organ, BWV 540
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Toccata and Fugue in F major for organ, BWV 540
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata no.147: Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben (excerpt)
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Cantata no.147: Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben (excerpt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata in G major, BWV 916
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Toccata in G major, BWV 916
Johann Sebastian Bach
Befiel du deine Wege, BWV 272
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Befiel du deine Wege, BWV 272
Johann Sebastian Bach
Wir eilen mit schwachen, doch emsigen Schritten (Cantata No 78)
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Wir eilen mit schwachen, doch emsigen Schritten (Cantata No 78)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto for Harpsichord, Strings, and Continuo No.4 in A, BWV 1055 - 1.
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Concerto for Harpsichord, Strings, and Continuo No.4 in A, BWV 1055 - 1.
Johann Sebastian Bach
Adagio Concerto for Oboe & Violin in C minor arr from BWV 1060
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Adagio Concerto for Oboe & Violin in C minor arr from BWV 1060
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata and fugue in D minor, BWV 565
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Toccata and fugue in D minor, BWV 565
Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Sonata No. 1 in B minor: Allegro
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Violin Sonata No. 1 in B minor: Allegro
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cello Suite No.1 - Sarabande
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Cello Suite No.1 - Sarabande
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cello Suite No.1 - Courante
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Cello Suite No.1 - Courante
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