Johann Sebastian Bach
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1685-03-21
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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (BBC)

Born in the German town of Eisenach, J. S. Bach was a chorister then violinist before taking his first organist post at Arnstadt while still a teenager. It was in Weimar, as court organist from 1708, that Bach began to produce monthly cantatas, and wrote many of his great organ works, as well as organ transcriptions of concertos by Vivaldi.

In 1717 Prince Leopold offered him the position of Kapellmeister at Cöthen, where he wrote the Brandenburg Concertos, the four Orchestral Suites and the violin concertos, and married his second wife Anna Magdalena, who bore 13 children. Bach's fearsome duties in his final job, as Kantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig from 1723 until his death, involved teaching Latin and Music, choir-training, and writing and directing music for the services.

Nevertheless he managed also to write the Mass in B minor, the six choral Motets, The Art of Fugue, The Musical Offering and Goldberg Variations during this time. His inventive contrapuntalism became unfashionable soon after his death until the early 19th century, since when his reputation has remained unquestioned.

Profile © Edward Bhesania

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (Wikipedia)

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Western art musical canon.

The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph Bach, after which he continued his musical development in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.

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Johann Sebastian Bach Performances & Interviews


Featured Works


Johann Sebastian Bach Tracks

Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude after Bach
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Prelude after Bach

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Johann Sebastian Bach
Flute Sonata in C Major BWV 1033: Allegro
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Flute Sonata in C Major BWV 1033: Allegro
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sonata in A minor - Presto
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Sonata in A minor - Presto
Johann Sebastian Bach
Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring
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Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
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Toccata and Fugue in D Minor
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata in D major, BWV 912
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Toccata in D major, BWV 912
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and fugue for organ (BWV.561) in A minor
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Prelude and fugue for organ (BWV.561) in A minor
Johann Sebastian Bach
Kommt, ihr Töchter, helft mir klagen from St Matthew Passion
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Kommt, ihr Töchter, helft mir klagen from St Matthew Passion
Johann Sebastian Bach
Aria and 1st Variation (Goldberg Variations, BWV.988)
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Aria and 1st Variation (Goldberg Variations, BWV.988)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Goldberg Variations Bwv.988
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Goldberg Variations Bwv.988

Goldberg Variations Bwv.988

Music Arranger
G Trujillo
Choir
Orchestra
Collegium Delft
Johann Sebastian Bach
Goldberg Variations: Variation 1 (BWV.988)
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Goldberg Variations: Variation 1 (BWV.988)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (Arr. P. Navarro-Alonso): Var. 1
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Goldberg Variations, BWV 988 (Arr. P. Navarro-Alonso): Var. 1
Johann Sebastian Bach
Goldberg Variations, BWV.988 (Aria & Variations 1-4)
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Goldberg Variations, BWV.988 (Aria & Variations 1-4)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Goldberg Variations, BWV 988
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Goldberg Variations, BWV 988
Johann Sebastian Bach
Goldberg
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Goldberg
Johann Sebastian Bach
Canons BWV 1072 - 1078 & 1086
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Canons BWV 1072 - 1078 & 1086
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sheep may safely graze (Cantata BWV.208)
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Sheep may safely graze (Cantata BWV.208)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Lute Suite in E minor, BWV 996 (Bourrée)
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Lute Suite in E minor, BWV 996 (Bourrée)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Jesu, meine Freude - motet BWV.227
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Jesu, meine Freude - motet BWV.227

Jesu, meine Freude - motet BWV.227

Performer
Aivars Kalejas
Choir
Choir of Latvian Radio
Orchestra
Orchestra of Latvian Radio
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto in D minor BWV.1043 for 2 violins and string orchestra i 2nd movement; Largo, ma non tanto
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Concerto in D minor BWV.1043 for 2 violins and string orchestra i 2nd movement; Largo, ma non tanto
Johann Sebastian Bach
Italian Concerto in F major, BWV 971 (3rd mvt)
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Italian Concerto in F major, BWV 971 (3rd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Solo Violin Sonata no.1 in G minor, BWV.1001 (Adagio)
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Solo Violin Sonata no.1 in G minor, BWV.1001 (Adagio)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto movement for violin and 3 trumpets in D, BWV.1045
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Concerto movement for violin and 3 trumpets in D, BWV.1045
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata, 'O Jesu Christ, mein's Lebens Licht', BWV 118
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Cantata, 'O Jesu Christ, mein's Lebens Licht', BWV 118
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg concerto No 3 in G major BWV 1048
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Brandenburg concerto No 3 in G major BWV 1048
Johann Sebastian Bach
Keyboard Concerto BWV 1056
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Keyboard Concerto BWV 1056
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV 847 (Prelude)
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Prelude and Fugue in C minor, BWV 847 (Prelude)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No 5 in D major, BWV 1050 (3rd mvt)
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Brandenburg Concerto No 5 in D major, BWV 1050 (3rd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and fugue in C major BWV.547 for organ
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Prelude and fugue in C major BWV.547 for organ
Johann Sebastian Bach
Lobe den Herrn, meine Seele (Cantata BWV.69a)
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Lobe den Herrn, meine Seele (Cantata BWV.69a)
Johann Sebastian Bach
French Suite No 5 in G major, BWV 816 (Bourrée; Loure; Gigue)
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French Suite No 5 in G major, BWV 816 (Bourrée; Loure; Gigue)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Mass in B minor, BWV 232 (Sanctus)
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Mass in B minor, BWV 232 (Sanctus)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Lobet den Herrn, alle Heiden, BWV 230
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Lobet den Herrn, alle Heiden, BWV 230
Johann Sebastian Bach
Ermunt're dich (Cantata BWV.180)
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Ermunt're dich (Cantata BWV.180)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto for oboe d'amore and string orchestra no 4 in A major, BWV.1055
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Concerto for oboe d'amore and string orchestra no 4 in A major, BWV.1055
Johann Sebastian Bach
Air On A G String
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Air On A G String
Johann Sebastian Bach
Three-Part Invention in C minor, BWV 788
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Three-Part Invention in C minor, BWV 788
Johann Sebastian Bach
Partita No 5 in G major (2nd mvt)
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Partita No 5 in G major (2nd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Magnificat in E flat, BWV 243a: I. Magnificat anima mea Dominum
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Magnificat in E flat, BWV 243a: I. Magnificat anima mea Dominum
Johann Sebastian Bach
Solo Cello Suite no.3 in C, BWV.1009 (Bourree 1 & 2)
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Solo Cello Suite no.3 in C, BWV.1009 (Bourree 1 & 2)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Meine Seele sei vergnügt (Cantata 204, Ich bin in mir vergnügt)
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Meine Seele sei vergnügt (Cantata 204, Ich bin in mir vergnügt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Suite for solo cello, No 1 in G major, (BWV 1007)
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Suite for solo cello, No 1 in G major, (BWV 1007)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and fugue in F major, BWV 880
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Prelude and fugue in F major, BWV 880
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sonata for violin solo no. 2 (BWV.1003) in A minor, Grave
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Sonata for violin solo no. 2 (BWV.1003) in A minor, Grave
Johann Sebastian Bach
Harmonisation of O Jesulein suss
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Harmonisation of O Jesulein suss
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cello Suite No 1 in G major, BWV 1007 (Prelude)
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Cello Suite No 1 in G major, BWV 1007 (Prelude)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Organ Sonata in E minor, BWV.528 (2nd mvt)
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Organ Sonata in E minor, BWV.528 (2nd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto for 4 keyboards in A minor (BWV.1065)
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Concerto for 4 keyboards in A minor (BWV.1065)
Johann Sebastian Bach
The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2
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The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 2
Johann Sebastian Bach
air on a g string
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air on a g string
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cello Suite No 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (2nd mvt)
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Cello Suite No 2 in D minor, BWV 1008 (2nd mvt)
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