Johann Sebastian Bach
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1685-03-21
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Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (BBC)

Born in the German town of Eisenach, J. S. Bach was a chorister then violinist before taking his first organist post at Arnstadt while still a teenager. It was in Weimar, as court organist from 1708, that Bach began to produce monthly cantatas, and wrote many of his great organ works, as well as organ transcriptions of concertos by Vivaldi.

In 1717 Prince Leopold offered him the position of Kapellmeister at Cöthen, where he wrote the Brandenburg Concertos, the four Orchestral Suites and the violin concertos, and married his second wife Anna Magdalena, who bore 13 children. Bach's fearsome duties in his final job, as Kantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig from 1723 until his death, involved teaching Latin and Music, choir-training, and writing and directing music for the services.

Nevertheless he managed also to write the Mass in B minor, the six choral Motets, The Art of Fugue, The Musical Offering and Goldberg Variations during this time. His inventive contrapuntalism became unfashionable soon after his death until the early 19th century, since when his reputation has remained unquestioned.

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Johann Sebastian Bach Biography (Wikipedia)

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Art of Fugue, the Brandenburg Concertos, and the Goldberg Variations, and for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Western art musical canon.

The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After being orphaned at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother Johann Christoph Bach, after which he continued his musical development in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar, where he expanded his organ repertory, and Köthen, where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard music. In Leipzig, as had happened during some of his earlier positions, he had difficult relations with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by his sovereign, Augustus, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750 at the age of 65.

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Johann Sebastian Bach Performances & Interviews


Featured Works


Johann Sebastian Bach Tracks

Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Sonata in E minor, BWV1023
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Violin Sonata in E minor, BWV1023

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Johann Sebastian Bach
TOCCATA & FUGUE IN D MINOR
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TOCCATA & FUGUE IN D MINOR
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in C sharp major, BWV.848
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Prelude and Fugue in C sharp major, BWV.848
Johann Sebastian Bach
Solo Violin Sonata No.1 in G Minor, BWV.1001 (Presto)
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Solo Violin Sonata No.1 in G Minor, BWV.1001 (Presto)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Mir ekelt mehr zu leben (Cantata No.170, 'Vergnugte Ruh', beliebte Seelenlust')
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Mir ekelt mehr zu leben (Cantata No.170, 'Vergnugte Ruh', beliebte Seelenlust')
Johann Sebastian Bach
Nun freut euch, lieben Christen g'mein, BWV 734
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Nun freut euch, lieben Christen g'mein, BWV 734
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude and Fugue in A major for organ, BWV 536
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Prelude and Fugue in A major for organ, BWV 536
Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Partita No 3 in E major, BWV 1006 (arr. for organ)
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Violin Partita No 3 in E major, BWV 1006 (arr. for organ)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata and Fugue in F major for organ, BWV 540
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Toccata and Fugue in F major for organ, BWV 540
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cantata no.147: Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben (excerpt)
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Cantata no.147: Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben (excerpt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata in G major, BWV 916
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Toccata in G major, BWV 916
Johann Sebastian Bach
Befiel du deine Wege, BWV 272
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Befiel du deine Wege, BWV 272
Johann Sebastian Bach
Wir eilen mit schwachen, doch emsigen Schritten (Cantata No 78)
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Wir eilen mit schwachen, doch emsigen Schritten (Cantata No 78)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto for Harpsichord, Strings, and Continuo No.4 in A, BWV 1055 - 1.
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Concerto for Harpsichord, Strings, and Continuo No.4 in A, BWV 1055 - 1.
Johann Sebastian Bach
Adagio Concerto for Oboe & Violin in C minor arr from BWV 1060
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Adagio Concerto for Oboe & Violin in C minor arr from BWV 1060
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata and fugue in D minor, BWV 565
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Toccata and fugue in D minor, BWV 565
Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Sonata No. 1 in B minor: Allegro
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Violin Sonata No. 1 in B minor: Allegro
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cello Suite No.1 - Sarabande
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Cello Suite No.1 - Sarabande
Johann Sebastian Bach
Cello Suite No.1 - Courante
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Cello Suite No.1 - Courante
Johann Sebastian Bach
Fantasia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 537, Op 86 (orch. Edward Elgar)
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Fantasia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 537, Op 86 (orch. Edward Elgar)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Ich liebe den Höchsten von ganzem Gemüte, BWV 174: I. Sinfonia
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Ich liebe den Höchsten von ganzem Gemüte, BWV 174: I. Sinfonia
Johann Sebastian Bach
Ich bin vergnügt mit meinem Glücke (Cantata No 84)
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Ich bin vergnügt mit meinem Glücke (Cantata No 84)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata and in D minor, BWV.565 (Fugue)
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Toccata and  in D minor, BWV.565 (Fugue)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Toccata in D minor, BWV 565
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Toccata in D minor, BWV 565
Johann Sebastian Bach
Double Violin Concerto in D minor, BWV.1060
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Double Violin Concerto in D minor, BWV.1060
Johann Sebastian Bach
Suite in E major BWV.1006a
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Suite in E major BWV.1006a
Johann Sebastian Bach
Young Rich
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Young Rich
Johann Sebastian Bach
Trio super "Allein Gott in der Höh' sei Ehr'", BWV 664
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Trio super "Allein Gott in der Höh' sei Ehr'", BWV 664

Trio super "Allein Gott in der Höh' sei Ehr'", BWV 664

Performer
Reinhard Führer
Anne-Suse Enßle
Last played on
Johann Sebastian Bach
Keyboard Concerto in F minor, BWV.1056
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Keyboard Concerto in F minor, BWV.1056
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No 3 in D major, BWV 1068
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Orchestral Suite No 3 in D major, BWV 1068
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No. 2 in B minor, BWV 1067
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Orchestral Suite No. 2 in B minor, BWV 1067
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No. 1 in C major, BWV 1066
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Orchestral Suite No. 1 in C major, BWV 1066
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No. 4 in D major, BWV 1069
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Orchestral Suite No. 4 in D major, BWV 1069
Johann Sebastian Bach
Partita No.4 in D , BWV 828; 1st movement Allemande
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Partita No.4 in D , BWV 828; 1st movement Allemande
Johann Sebastian Bach
Finale (Orchestral Suite no.6)
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Finale (Orchestral Suite no.6)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg Concerto No 3 in G major, BWV 1048
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Brandenburg Concerto No 3 in G major, BWV 1048
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043 (2nd mvt)
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Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043 (2nd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Violin Concerto in A minor, BWV 1041
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Violin Concerto in A minor, BWV 1041
Johann Sebastian Bach
Orchestral Suite No 1 in C major, BWV 1066 (Passepied 1 and 2)
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Orchestral Suite No 1 in C major, BWV 1066 (Passepied 1 and 2)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043
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Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043
Johann Sebastian Bach
Kreuz und Kronen sind verbunden (Cantata No 12)
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Kreuz und Kronen sind verbunden (Cantata No 12)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Gloria in Excelsis Deo, BWV191
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Gloria in Excelsis Deo, BWV191
Johann Sebastian Bach
keyboard Concerto No 7 in G minor, BWV 1058
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keyboard Concerto No 7 in G minor, BWV 1058
Johann Sebastian Bach
French Suite No 5 in G major, BWV 816 (Gavotte)
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French Suite No 5 in G major, BWV 816 (Gavotte)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Sheep may safely graze arr for piano
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Sheep may safely graze arr for piano
Johann Sebastian Bach
Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043 (2nd mvt)
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Concerto in D minor for two violins, BWV 1043 (2nd mvt)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Jesu, joy of man's desiring (Cantata no.147)
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Jesu, joy of man's desiring (Cantata no.147)
Johann Sebastian Bach
Brandenburg concerto No 3 in G major BWV 1048
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Brandenburg concerto No 3 in G major BWV 1048
Johann Sebastian Bach
Prelude BWV 998
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Prelude BWV 998
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