Ludwig van Beethoven
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1770-12-17
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/1f9df192-a621-4f54-8850-2c5373b7eac9
Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven Biography (BBC)

The popular image of Beethoven as a morose individual who shunned society is only partly true. He did have a serious outlook on life, and in later years he had difficulty mixing with people because of his deafness, which emerged in his late twenties and gradually increased thereafter till his death. Yet he loved company, and had a ready wit. His letters contain many puns, and it was he who introduced the scherzo (literally, ‘joke’) into the symphony when he used one in his Symphony No. 2 instead of the customary minuet.

This Second Symphony already goes well beyond the models of Haydn and Mozart, the two chief influences on his style. Building on their example Beethoven continually strove to stretch the bounds of music to new limits, whether in his seven surviving concertos, 16 string quartets, 35 piano sonatas (including three very early ones) or other works.

Each of his nine symphonies (and an incipient tenth) is completely different from any previous one, and he showed similar originality in every major genre of the time, from his only opera Fidelio and his mighty Missa solemnis to his numerous settings of folk songs, which he treated in an entirely novel way. He achieved his goal through a combination of natural genius and sheer hard work: every one of his major compositions is the result of painstaking refinement, evident in the many thousands of pages of musical sketches that he wrote.

It is not always realised, however, that Beethoven was extraordinary in other ways too. Having no wife or family of his own, he spent enormous energy on helping his nephew, and he was deeply religious. Indeed his goodness and kindness were so evident to his contemporaries that at least three of them independently asserted that he was even greater as a human being than as a musician. Considering that many regard him as the greatest composer in history, such praise is astonishing.

Beethoven also responded strikingly to political upheavals – the French Revolution and the ensuing Napoleonic wars. Although no political activist, he made his hatred of tyranny very plain in works such as Fidelio and his music for Goethe’s play Egmont.

Yet it is the quality of his music that has ensured his lasting reputation. Although its novelty initially puzzled some of his contemporaries, repeated hearings and study have shown that it is based on firm foundations. Its combination of beauty and unpredictability, extreme emotional depth and intellectual rigour, across so many genres, is unsurpassed and probably always will be.

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Ludwig van Beethoven Tracks

Ludwig van Beethoven
11 Neue Bagatellen, Op. 119: No. 5 in C Minor, Risoluto
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11 Neue Bagatellen, Op. 119: No. 5 in C Minor, Risoluto

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Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 5 in C minor, Op 67 (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 5 in C minor, Op 67 (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Violin Sonata no.5 in F major, Op.24, 'Spring' (1st mvt)
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Violin Sonata no.5 in F major, Op.24, 'Spring' (1st mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata no.31 in A flat, Op.110 (1st mvt)
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Piano Sonata no.31 in A flat, Op.110 (1st mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
12 Variations on 'Ein Madchen oder Weibchen' for cello and piano (Op.66)
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12 Variations on 'Ein Madchen oder Weibchen' for cello and piano (Op.66)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Trio no 4 in B flat, Op 11 ('Gassenhauer')
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Piano Trio no 4 in B flat, Op 11 ('Gassenhauer')
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 2 in D major, Op 36 (4th movement)
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Symphony No 2 in D major, Op 36 (4th movement)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 3 in E flat major, Op 55, 'Eroica' (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 3 in E flat major, Op 55, 'Eroica' (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 4 in G major, Op 58 (2nd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 4 in G major, Op 58 (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
The Creatures of Prometheus (Op.43): Overture
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The Creatures of Prometheus (Op.43): Overture
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No. 3 in E flat 'Eroica' - Finale
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Symphony No. 3 in E flat 'Eroica' - Finale
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No. 4 in G Op. 58 iii. Rondo. Vivace
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Piano Concerto No. 4 in G Op. 58 iii. Rondo. Vivace
Ludwig van Beethoven
Zur Namensfeier overture, Op.115
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Zur Namensfeier overture, Op.115

Zur Namensfeier overture, Op.115

Orchestra
Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra
Conductor
Last played on
Ludwig van Beethoven
Egmont Overture
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Egmont Overture
Ludwig van Beethoven
Cello Sonata in D major, Op.102`2 (1st mvt)
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Cello Sonata in D major, Op.102`2 (1st mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Coriolan Overture, Op 62
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Coriolan Overture, Op 62
Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondo a capriccio in G major Op.129 (Rage over a lost penny)
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Rondo a capriccio in G major Op.129 (Rage over a lost penny)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata quasi una fantasia for piano (Op.27 No.2) in C sharp minor, 'Moonlight'
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Sonata quasi una fantasia for piano (Op.27 No.2) in C sharp minor, 'Moonlight'
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 5 "Fate" Andante Con Moto
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Symphony No 5 "Fate" Andante Con Moto
Ludwig van Beethoven
7 Variations on Mozart's 'Bei Männern, welche Liebe fühlen', WoO.46
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7 Variations on Mozart's 'Bei Männern, welche Liebe fühlen', WoO.46
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata in F sharp (Op.78)
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Piano Sonata in F sharp (Op.78)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Leonora Overture No.3, Op.72b
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Leonora Overture No.3, Op.72b
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in A minor, Op 132
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String Quartet in A minor, Op 132

String Quartet in A minor, Op 132

Performer
Frederik Oland
Rune Tonsgaard Sorensen
Asbjorn Norgaard
Fredrik Sjölin
Ludwig van Beethoven
Andante favori
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Andante favori
Ludwig van Beethoven
Encore: Piano Sonata in A flat, Op 26 (1st mvt)
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Encore: Piano Sonata in A flat, Op 26 (1st mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
15 Variations and a fugue on a theme from Prometheus in E flat Op 35 ('Eroica')
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15 Variations and a fugue on a theme from Prometheus in E flat Op 35 ('Eroica')
Ludwig van Beethoven
6 Variations in F major Op 34 for piano
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6 Variations in F major Op 34 for piano
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 8 (Op 93) in F major (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 8 (Op 93) in F major (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No. 6 in F Major, Op. 68 "Pastoral": II. Scene by the Brook
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Symphony No. 6 in F Major, Op. 68 "Pastoral": II. Scene by the Brook
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in C-sharp minor Op 131 (Presto)
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String Quartet in C-sharp minor Op 131 (Presto)
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in D major Op 18, No 3 (3rd mvt)
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String Quartet in D major Op 18, No 3 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 6 in F major, Op 68, 'Pastoral'
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Symphony No 6 in F major, Op 68, 'Pastoral'
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 (1st mvt: Allegro con brio)
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Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op.67 (1st mvt: Allegro con brio)
Ludwig van Beethoven
O welche lust from Fidelio, Op. 72
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O welche lust from Fidelio, Op. 72
Ludwig van Beethoven
Quintet in E flat major for piano and wind, Op.16 (3rd mvt)
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Quintet in E flat major for piano and wind, Op.16 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No.7 - Poco sostenuto - vivace
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Symphony No.7 - Poco sostenuto - vivace
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 7 in A major, Op 92 (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 7 in A major, Op 92 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata No. 7 in D Op. 10 no. 3 i. Presto
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Piano Sonata No. 7 in D Op. 10 no. 3 i. Presto
Ludwig van Beethoven
7 variations on "God save the King" in C major (WoO.78)
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7 variations on "God save the King" in C major (WoO.78)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Eroica variations
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Eroica variations
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony no 8 in F major Op 93
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Symphony no 8 in F major Op 93
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 19 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 19 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondino in E flat major, WoO 25
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Rondino in E flat major, WoO 25
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sextet for 2 horns and string quartet, Op 81b
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Sextet for 2 horns and string quartet, Op 81b
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Trio in D, Op.70/1 "Ghost"
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Piano Trio in D, Op.70/1 "Ghost"
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 8 in F major, Op 93
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Symphony No 8 in F major, Op 93
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony no 7 in A major, Op 92
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Symphony no 7 in A major, Op 92
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata no. 7 in D major Op.10 No.3, 1st movement Presto
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Sonata no. 7 in D major Op.10 No.3, 1st movement Presto
Ludwig van Beethoven
Triple Concerto for Piano, Violin, and Cello in C major: 3rd mvt
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Triple Concerto for Piano, Violin, and Cello in C major: 3rd mvt
Ludwig van Beethoven
Die Geschopfe des Prometheus (Overture)
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Die Geschopfe des Prometheus (Overture)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 (Choral) (4th mvt: Finale)
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Symphony No.9 in D minor, Op.125 (Choral) (4th mvt: Finale)
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