Ludwig van Beethoven
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1770-12-17
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/1f9df192-a621-4f54-8850-2c5373b7eac9
Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven Biography (BBC)

The popular image of Beethoven as a morose individual who shunned society is only partly true. He did have a serious outlook on life, and in later years he had difficulty mixing with people because of his deafness, which emerged in his late twenties and gradually increased thereafter till his death. Yet he loved company, and had a ready wit. His letters contain many puns, and it was he who introduced the scherzo (literally, ‘joke’) into the symphony when he used one in his Symphony No. 2 instead of the customary minuet.

This Second Symphony already goes well beyond the models of Haydn and Mozart, the two chief influences on his style. Building on their example Beethoven continually strove to stretch the bounds of music to new limits, whether in his seven surviving concertos, 16 string quartets, 35 piano sonatas (including three very early ones) or other works.

Each of his nine symphonies (and an incipient tenth) is completely different from any previous one, and he showed similar originality in every major genre of the time, from his only opera Fidelio and his mighty Missa solemnis to his numerous settings of folk songs, which he treated in an entirely novel way. He achieved his goal through a combination of natural genius and sheer hard work: every one of his major compositions is the result of painstaking refinement, evident in the many thousands of pages of musical sketches that he wrote.

It is not always realised, however, that Beethoven was extraordinary in other ways too. Having no wife or family of his own, he spent enormous energy on helping his nephew, and he was deeply religious. Indeed his goodness and kindness were so evident to his contemporaries that at least three of them independently asserted that he was even greater as a human being than as a musician. Considering that many regard him as the greatest composer in history, such praise is astonishing.

Beethoven also responded strikingly to political upheavals – the French Revolution and the ensuing Napoleonic wars. Although no political activist, he made his hatred of tyranny very plain in works such as Fidelio and his music for Goethe’s play Egmont.

Yet it is the quality of his music that has ensured his lasting reputation. Although its novelty initially puzzled some of his contemporaries, repeated hearings and study have shown that it is based on firm foundations. Its combination of beauty and unpredictability, extreme emotional depth and intellectual rigour, across so many genres, is unsurpassed and probably always will be.

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Ludwig van Beethoven Tracks

Ludwig van Beethoven
32 Variations in C minor for piano, WoO.80
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32 Variations in C minor for piano, WoO.80

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Ludwig van Beethoven
Triple Concerto in C major, Op 56
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Triple Concerto in C major, Op 56
Ludwig van Beethoven
Violin Sonata No 5 in F major, Op 24, 'Spring'
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Violin Sonata No 5 in F major, Op 24, 'Spring'
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in E minor Op 59'2 (Rasumovsky) - i. Allegro
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String Quartet in E minor Op 59'2 (Rasumovsky) - i. Allegro
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata no. 21 in C major Op.53 "Waldstein" (3rd mvt)
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Piano Sonata no. 21 in C major Op.53 "Waldstein" (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Fidelio Overture, Op 72
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Fidelio Overture, Op 72
Ludwig van Beethoven
12 Variations on 'Ein Madchen oder Weibchen' for cello and piano (Op.66)
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12 Variations on 'Ein Madchen oder Weibchen' for cello and piano (Op.66)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Trio no 4 in B flat, Op 11 ('Gassenhauer')
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Piano Trio no 4 in B flat, Op 11 ('Gassenhauer')
Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven Piano Sonata in A flat, Op. 110
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Beethoven Piano Sonata in A flat, Op. 110
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No. 8 in F Major, Op. 93: I. Allegro vivace e con brio
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Symphony No. 8 in F Major, Op. 93: I. Allegro vivace e con brio
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in B-flat major, Op. 18, No. 6; 1st mvt Allegro Con Brio
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String Quartet in B-flat major, Op. 18, No. 6; 1st mvt Allegro Con Brio
Ludwig van Beethoven
Creatures of Prometheus, Op.43: Finale
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Creatures of Prometheus, Op.43: Finale
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 1 in C major, Op 15 (2nd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 1 in C major, Op 15 (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondo in B flat major for piano and orchestra, WoO 6
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Rondo in B flat major for piano and orchestra, WoO 6
Ludwig van Beethoven
Egmont, Op 84 (Overture)
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Egmont, Op 84 (Overture)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondo in C major, WoO 48
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Rondo in C major, WoO 48
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No. 3 in E-Flat Major, Op. 55 "Eroica": IV. Finale. Allegro molto
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Symphony No. 3 in E-Flat Major, Op. 55 "Eroica": IV. Finale. Allegro molto
Ludwig van Beethoven
Leonore Overture No 3, Op 72b
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Leonore Overture No 3, Op 72b
Ludwig van Beethoven
Quartet for strings (Op.131) in C sharp minor
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Quartet for strings (Op.131) in C sharp minor

Quartet for strings (Op.131) in C sharp minor

Performer
Mikkel Futtrup
Kirstine Futtrup
Magda Stevensson
Toke Moldrop
Ludwig van Beethoven
Fidelio, Op. 72: Act 2: 'In des Lebens Frühlingstagen'
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Fidelio, Op. 72: Act 2: 'In des Lebens Frühlingstagen'
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 8 in F major, Op 93 (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 8 in F major, Op 93 (4th mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No.7 in A major, Op 92 (4th mvt)
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Symphony No.7 in A major, Op 92 (4th mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quatet No 16 in F major, Op 135 (4th mvt)
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String Quatet No 16 in F major, Op 135 (4th mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Coriolan Overture, Op 62
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Coriolan Overture, Op 62
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in B flat major, Op 130 (2nd mvt)
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String Quartet in B flat major, Op 130 (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral)
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Symphony No. 6 in F major Op.68 (Pastoral)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 6 in F major, Op 68, 'Pastoral' (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 6 in F major, Op 68, 'Pastoral' (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Leonore Overture no 1, Op 138
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Leonore Overture no 1, Op 138
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Trio in G major, Op 9 no 1
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String Trio in G major, Op 9 no 1
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 9 in D minor, Op 125, 'Choral' (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 9 in D minor, Op 125, 'Choral' (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet No.15 in A minor Op.132 - Molto Adagio, Andante
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String Quartet No.15 in A minor Op.132 - Molto Adagio, Andante
Ludwig van Beethoven
Coriolan - overture Op.62
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Coriolan - overture Op.62

Coriolan - overture Op.62

Orchestra
National Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra
Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondo in G major, Op 129, 'Rage over a lost penny'
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Rondo in G major, Op 129, 'Rage over a lost penny'
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op. 13 "Pathétique" (2nd mvt)
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Piano Sonata No. 8 in C Minor, Op. 13 "Pathétique" (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Violin Sonata in A major, Op 30 No 1 (1st mvt)
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Violin Sonata in A major, Op 30 No 1 (1st mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 8 in F major, Op 93 (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 8 in F major, Op 93 (4th mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet no 10 in E flat major, Op 74 'The Harp': 2nd mvt Adagio ma non troppo
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String Quartet no 10 in E flat major, Op 74 'The Harp': 2nd mvt Adagio ma non troppo
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 19 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 19 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Quintet in E flat major for piano and wind, Op 16 (3rd mvt)
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Quintet in E flat major for piano and wind, Op 16 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125, "Choral" (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op. 125, "Choral" (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata no 14 in C sharp minor 'Quasi una fantasia' (Moonlight) Op 27 no 2
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Piano Sonata no 14 in C sharp minor 'Quasi una fantasia' (Moonlight) Op 27 no 2
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony no. 1 in C major Op.21
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Symphony no. 1 in C major Op.21
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata in G major, Op 79
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Piano Sonata in G major, Op 79
Ludwig van Beethoven
9 Variations on "Quant'e piu bello", WoO 69
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9 Variations on "Quant'e piu bello", WoO 69
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata no.32 in C minor (Op.111)
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Piano Sonata no.32 in C minor (Op.111)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Quintet, Op.4 arranged for wind ensemble
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Quintet, Op.4 arranged for wind ensemble
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 3 in E flat major, Op 55, 'Eroica' (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 3 in E flat major, Op 55, 'Eroica' (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Allegretto in B flat major WoO 39
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Allegretto in B flat major WoO 39
Ludwig van Beethoven
Mass in D major Op. 123 (Missa Solemnis) i. Gloria
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Mass in D major Op. 123 (Missa Solemnis) i. Gloria
Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondo a capriccio in G major Op.129 (Rage over a lost penny)
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Rondo a capriccio in G major Op.129 (Rage over a lost penny)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No.1 in C major Op.15 - movement 2 - Largo
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Piano Concerto No.1 in C major Op.15 - movement 2 - Largo
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