Ludwig van Beethoven
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1770-12-17
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/1f9df192-a621-4f54-8850-2c5373b7eac9
Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven Biography (BBC)

The popular image of Beethoven as a morose individual who shunned society is only partly true. He did have a serious outlook on life, and in later years he had difficulty mixing with people because of his deafness, which emerged in his late twenties and gradually increased thereafter till his death. Yet he loved company, and had a ready wit. His letters contain many puns, and it was he who introduced the scherzo (literally, ‘joke’) into the symphony when he used one in his Symphony No. 2 instead of the customary minuet.

This Second Symphony already goes well beyond the models of Haydn and Mozart, the two chief influences on his style. Building on their example Beethoven continually strove to stretch the bounds of music to new limits, whether in his seven surviving concertos, 16 string quartets, 35 piano sonatas (including three very early ones) or other works.

Each of his nine symphonies (and an incipient tenth) is completely different from any previous one, and he showed similar originality in every major genre of the time, from his only opera Fidelio and his mighty Missa solemnis to his numerous settings of folk songs, which he treated in an entirely novel way. He achieved his goal through a combination of natural genius and sheer hard work: every one of his major compositions is the result of painstaking refinement, evident in the many thousands of pages of musical sketches that he wrote.

It is not always realised, however, that Beethoven was extraordinary in other ways too. Having no wife or family of his own, he spent enormous energy on helping his nephew, and he was deeply religious. Indeed his goodness and kindness were so evident to his contemporaries that at least three of them independently asserted that he was even greater as a human being than as a musician. Considering that many regard him as the greatest composer in history, such praise is astonishing.

Beethoven also responded strikingly to political upheavals – the French Revolution and the ensuing Napoleonic wars. Although no political activist, he made his hatred of tyranny very plain in works such as Fidelio and his music for Goethe’s play Egmont.

Yet it is the quality of his music that has ensured his lasting reputation. Although its novelty initially puzzled some of his contemporaries, repeated hearings and study have shown that it is based on firm foundations. Its combination of beauty and unpredictability, extreme emotional depth and intellectual rigour, across so many genres, is unsurpassed and probably always will be.

Profile © Barry Cooper


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Ludwig van Beethoven
Rondo a capriccio in G major, Op 129, 'Rage Over a Lost Penny'
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Rondo a capriccio in G major, Op 129, 'Rage Over a Lost Penny'
Ludwig van Beethoven
Fantasia for piano, chorus and orchestra in C minor (Op.80)
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Fantasia for piano, chorus and orchestra in C minor (Op.80)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Coriolan Overture, Op 62
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Coriolan Overture, Op 62
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata No.8 in C Minor Op 13 Pathetique - Adagio Cantabile
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Piano Sonata No.8 in C Minor Op 13 Pathetique - Adagio Cantabile
Ludwig van Beethoven
Quartet in F major Op.135 for strings
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Quartet in F major Op.135 for strings
Ludwig van Beethoven
Leonore Overture No 1, Op 138
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Leonore Overture No 1, Op 138
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata No.24 in F sharp major, Op. 78
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Piano Sonata No.24 in F sharp major, Op. 78
Ludwig van Beethoven
Five Scottish and Irish songs
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Five Scottish and Irish songs
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Trio in D Op. 70 No. 1 'Ghost'
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Piano Trio in D Op. 70 No. 1 'Ghost'
Ludwig van Beethoven
Allegretto in C minor, WoO53
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Allegretto in C minor, WoO53
Ludwig van Beethoven
Egmont, Op 84 (Overture)
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Egmont, Op 84 (Overture)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 5 in E flat major, Op 73, 'Emperor' (3rd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 5 in E flat major, Op 73, 'Emperor' (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
5th Bagatelle Op 126
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5th Bagatelle Op 126
Ludwig van Beethoven
7 Bagatelles Op 33
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7 Bagatelles Op 33
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata No. 11 in B flat major, Op. 22 (4th mvt)
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Piano Sonata No. 11 in B flat major, Op. 22 (4th mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 1 in C major, Op 15 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 1 in C major, Op 15 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
2 Sonatinas for mandolin: C minor WoO 43/1 and C major WoW 44/1
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2 Sonatinas for mandolin: C minor WoO 43/1 and C major WoW 44/1
Ludwig van Beethoven
Fantasia in G minor, Op 77
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Fantasia in G minor, Op 77
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata No. 9 in F Major arr. for String Quartet
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Piano Sonata No. 9 in F Major arr. for String Quartet
Ludwig van Beethoven
Violin Sonata in E flat major Op.12/3
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Violin Sonata in E flat major Op.12/3
Ludwig van Beethoven
'Moonlight' Sonata, 1st mvt.
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'Moonlight' Sonata, 1st mvt.
Ludwig van Beethoven
Grosse Fuge, Op 133
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Grosse Fuge, Op 133
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata quasi una fantasia in C sharp minor Op.27`2 (Moonlight) for piano (Piano sonata no.14)
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Sonata quasi una fantasia in C sharp minor Op.27`2 (Moonlight) for piano (Piano sonata no.14)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony no. 5 in C minor Op.67
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Symphony no. 5 in C minor Op.67
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Sonata in C minor, Op 13, 'Pathétique' (2nd mvt)
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Piano Sonata in C minor, Op 13, 'Pathétique' (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio'
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Trio for violin, cello and piano (Op.11) in B flat major, 'Gassenhauer-Trio'
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata no. 10 in G major Op.14`2 for piano
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Sonata no. 10 in G major Op.14`2 for piano
Ludwig van Beethoven
7 Bagatelles Op.33 for piano i no.6 in D major; Allegretto quasi andante
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7 Bagatelles Op.33 for piano i no.6 in D major; Allegretto quasi andante
Ludwig van Beethoven
Mir ist so wunderbar (from Fidelio)
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Mir ist so wunderbar (from Fidelio)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 6 in F major, Op 68, 'Pastoral' (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 6 in F major, Op 68, 'Pastoral' (2nd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 3 in E flat 'Eroica'
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Symphony No 3 in E flat 'Eroica'

Symphony No 3 in E flat 'Eroica'

Orchestra
Romanian Radio National Orchestra
Conductor
Cristian Orosanu
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 19 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 2 in B flat major, Op 19 (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in D major, Op 18 no 3
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String Quartet in D major, Op 18 no 3
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet in F major, Op 135 (4th mvt)
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String Quartet in F major, Op 135 (4th mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Horn Sonata in F major, Op 17
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Horn Sonata in F major, Op 17
Ludwig van Beethoven
Overture from "Fidelio" (Op.72b)
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Overture from "Fidelio" (Op.72b)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Adelaide Op.46
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Adelaide Op.46
Ludwig van Beethoven
String Quartet No 1 in F Major, Op 18, No 1: 1st movement
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String Quartet No 1 in F Major, Op 18, No 1: 1st movement
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 3 in E flat major, Op 55, 'Eroica' (3rd mvt)
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Symphony No 3 in E flat major, Op 55, 'Eroica' (3rd mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Wind Octet in E flat major, Op 103 (1st mvt)
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Wind Octet in E flat major, Op 103 (1st mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Septet in E flat major Op.20
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Septet in E flat major Op.20
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 7 in A major Op 92 (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 7 in A major Op 92 (4th mvt)

Symphony No 7 in A major Op 92 (4th mvt)

Performer
Wiener Symphoniker - Philippe Jordan
Last played on
Ludwig van Beethoven
Piano trio in G major Op.1 no.2 (4th mvt)
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Piano trio in G major Op.1 no.2 (4th mvt)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Fidelio Overture, Op 72
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Fidelio Overture, Op 72
Ludwig van Beethoven
A Madel, ja a Madel
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A Madel, ja a Madel
Ludwig van Beethoven
Allegro (Suite for mechanical organ)
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Allegro (Suite for mechanical organ)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Sonata no.20 in G major, Op. 49 no 2
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Sonata no.20 in G major, Op. 49 no 2
Ludwig van Beethoven
Symphony No 3 in E flat major Op.55 (Eroica)
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Symphony No 3 in E flat major Op.55 (Eroica)
Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven String Quartet no 15 in A minor, Op 132
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Beethoven String Quartet no 15 in A minor, Op 132
Ludwig van Beethoven
Violin Sonata no 10 in G major, Op 96
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Violin Sonata no 10 in G major, Op 96
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