André Campra

Born 4 December 1660. Died 29 June 1744
André Campra
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1660-12-04
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/1408119c-6a6d-480f-b401-633e6b231f35
André Campra

André Campra Biography (BBC)

When, as a 20-yearold singer and trainee cleric at the cathedral in his home town of Aix-en-Provence, André Campra was threatened with dismissal for taking part in theatrical performances, it was an early example of the pull between two musical worlds that would define his whole career.

Born in 1660 to a French mother and Italian father, he held music directorships at the cathedrals of Arles and Toulouse before journeying to Paris in 1694 for additional training; within a few months he had acquired the post of maître de musique at Notre Dame Cathedral.

Although he published a number of small-scale motets at this time, the lure of the theatre remained strong, and in 1697 he produced his first stage works, including L’Europe galante, his first venture into the genre which he himself devised and with which he would become most associated: the opéra-ballet. Campra at first tried to hide his authorship of these works, but without success, and in 1700 he left Notre Dame to embark on a fruitful period as Paris’s leading composer for the stage, producing further opéra-ballets as well as some fine examples of serious opera (or tragédie-lyrique), among which Tancrède (1702) is considered the masterpiece.

In 1720 (by which time he had been granted a pension by the young Louis XV), Campra returned to composing sacred music with a fifth book of motets, and in 1723 he became a sous-maître at the Royal Chapel at Versailles; it was during this period that most of his large-scale motets for choir and orchestra were produced. He did not entirely give up the theatre, however, and in 1730 he was appointed Inspector General at the Opéra. He continued to work and publish until well into his seventies, and died in his apartment at Versailles at the age of 84.

Campra’s importance lies mainly in his stage music, in which he was the principal figure in the period between the death of Lully in 1687 and the dramatic emergence of Rameau as a major operatic composer in 1733. In creating the genre of opéra-ballet – in which a series of varied but thematically linked scenarios provided the opportunity for extensive sequences of singing and dancing – he let light into a French theatre scene dominated by Lully’s highbrow heroic tragedies. Perhaps not surprisingly, given his background, he introduced a number of Italian elements into French music, most explicitly in his secular chamber cantatas but also in a general style which he himself described as a mixture of French ‘delicatesse’ and Italian ‘vivacité’.

Profile © Lindsay Kemp


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André Campra Tracks

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André Campra
L' Europe galante: Loure; Air gay
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L' Europe galante: Loure; Air gay
André Campra
Le Carnaval de Venise (La Bohémienne)
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Le Carnaval de Venise (La Bohémienne)
André Campra
Quis ego Domine (Who am I, Lord?)
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Quis ego Domine (Who am I, Lord?)

Quis ego Domine (Who am I, Lord?)

Singer
Anders J.Dahlin
Ensemble
Les Ambassadeurs
André Campra
Offertoire (Messe de Requiem)
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Offertoire (Messe de Requiem)
André Campra
Exaudiat te Dominus - grand motet
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Exaudiat te Dominus - grand motet
André Campra
Suite from Les Fetes Venitiennes
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Suite from Les Fetes Venitiennes
André Campra
Agnus Dei (Messe de requiem)
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Agnus Dei (Messe de requiem)
André Campra
L' Europe galante - suite
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L' Europe galante - suite
André Campra
L' Europe galante: Recit de Zaide
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L' Europe galante: Recit de Zaide

L' Europe galante: Recit de Zaide

Performer
Ambassadeurs de la liberté d'expression
Alexis Kossenko
André Campra
Rigaudon (from Idomenee)
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Rigaudon (from Idomenee)
André Campra
Duet 'Que vois-je! Quel objet!' from 'Le Triomphe de la Folie'
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Duet 'Que vois-je! Quel objet!' from 'Le Triomphe de la Folie'
André Campra
Cantata 'Les Femmes'
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Cantata 'Les Femmes'
André Campra
'Volez, hymen, volez quand l'amour vous appelle' - duet from 'Enée e Didon'
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'Volez, hymen, volez quand l'amour vous appelle' - duet from 'Enée e Didon'
Les Arts Florissants
Le Jardin de Monsieur Rameau
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Le Jardin de Monsieur Rameau
André Campra
Tancrede - Act 4 Scene 7 'Estes-vous satistaits'
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Tancrede - Act 4 Scene 7 'Estes-vous satistaits'

Tancrede - Act 4 Scene 7 'Estes-vous satistaits'

Singer
Isabelle Druet
Orchestra
Orchestre Les Temps Presents
Last played on
André Campra
Sombres forêts (Tancrède)
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Sombres forêts (Tancrède)

Sombres forêts (Tancrède)

Orchestra
Orchestre Les Temps Présents
Last played on
Les Arts Florissants
Que vois-je! Quel objet!, from 'Le Triomphe de la Folie', duet
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Que vois-je! Quel objet!, from 'Le Triomphe de la Folie', duet
Les Arts Florissants
Les Femmes, cantata
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Les Femmes, cantata
André Campra
Volez, hymen, volez quand l'amour vous appelle - from 'Enée et Didon'
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Volez, hymen, volez quand l'amour vous appelle - from 'Enée et Didon'
André Campra
De cælo auditum
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De cælo auditum

De cælo auditum

Performer
William Christie
Orchestre des Arts Florissants
André Campra
O Dieux! ô justes Dieux! (excerpt from Idoménée)
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O Dieux! ô justes Dieux! (excerpt from Idoménée)
André Campra
Musette & 'Volez au son de nos musettes' from 'Idomenee'
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Musette & 'Volez au son de nos musettes' from 'Idomenee'
André Campra
Musette; Volez au son de nos musettes (Idomenée) [Picture: Les Bergers (The Shepherds)- S
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Musette; Volez au son de nos musettes (Idomenée) [Picture: Les Bergers (The Shepherds)-  S
André Campra
Sanctus from the Requiem
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Sanctus from the Requiem
André Campra
Passacaille from L'Europe Galante (La Turquie)
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Passacaille from L'Europe Galante (La Turquie)
André Campra
La Forlana from L'Europe Galante (L'Italie)
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La Forlana from L'Europe Galante (L'Italie)
André Campra
Rondeau from L'Europe Galante (L'Espagne)
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Rondeau from L'Europe Galante (L'Espagne)
André Campra
Passepied I & II from L'Europe Galante (La France)
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Passepied I & II from L'Europe Galante (La France)
André Campra
Air "Soupirons tous" from L'Europe Galante (La France)
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Air "Soupirons tous" from L'Europe Galante (La France)
André Campra
Florete prata
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Florete prata
André Campra
Insere Domine
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Insere Domine
André Campra
Quemadmodum desiderat cervus
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Quemadmodum desiderat cervus
André Campra
Prologue to 'L'Europe Galante'
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Prologue to 'L'Europe Galante'
André Campra
Sanctus [Messe des Morts]
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Sanctus [Messe des Morts]
André Campra
Salve Regina
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Salve Regina
André Campra
Salve Regina (Petit Motet)
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Salve Regina (Petit Motet)
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