Felix Mendelssohn
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1809-02-03
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Felix Mendelssohn

Felix Mendelssohn Biography (BBC)

Felix Mendelssohn – grandson of an eminent Jewish philosopher and son of a wealthy banker who converted to Christianity – came from a happy and privileged background. The family home in Berlin was a lively intellectual centre and Felix’s education covered classics, science, languages, law and several other subjects besides music.

From the age of 11 he composed fluently and prolifically: a huge quantity of piano and chamber music, five concertos, a few little operas and a dozen symphonies for strings preceded his official Symphony No. 1 of 1824. Then came the works that demonstrated not just precocious talent but real depth, among them the Octet for strings (1825) and, a year later, the Overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

In his early twenties, beginning in 1829 with the first of his many visits to England, he spent three years travelling around Europe, meeting almost every cultural figure of note. His sensitivity to the spirit of the places he visited can be heard in such works as the ‘Italian’ and ‘Scottish’ Symphonies and the overture The Hebrides.

From 1833 to 1835 he worked mainly in Düsseldorf, and then from 1835 until his early death he was Municipal Music Director and conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig, where in 1843 he founded the influential Conservatory. He was outstanding as a pianist, organist, conductor and organiser, and tireless in promoting other composers’ music old and new – famously reviving Bach’s St Matthew Passion in 1829 and giving the posthumous first performance of Schubert’s Ninth Symphony in 1839.

Although he composed prolifically up to the end of his life in almost all forms (he never found the right opera libretto), he was rarely satisfied with his own facility, often keeping aside his major scores for a long period before presenting them to the public: the Violin Concerto (completed 1844) was six years in the making and the oratorio Elijah (completed 1846) nearly eight.

Mendelssohn was very conscious of his part in an unbroken tradition of German music deriving from Bach and the great classics of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, and in each of his major works searched for means of infusing this tradition with his own modern Romantic sensibility.

If his reputation suffered from the heavier performing styles of the later 19th century, which tended to sentimentalise his music, and also from the current of anti-Semitism that led to his music being banned by the Nazis, a modern perspective can appreciate his freshness and directness of expression, as well as the perfect ear for colour and texture, that place him among the greatest composers of any age.

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Felix Mendelssohn Biography (Wikipedia)

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 – 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. Mendelssohn's compositions include symphonies, concertos, piano music and chamber music. His best-known works include his Overture and incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, the Italian Symphony, the Scottish Symphony, the oratorio Elijah, the overture The Hebrides, his mature Violin Concerto, and his String Octet. The melody for the Christmas carol "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" is also his. Mendelssohn's Songs Without Words are his most famous solo piano compositions.

A grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn was born into a prominent Jewish family. He was brought up without religion until the age of seven, when he was baptised as a Reformed Christian. Felix was recognised early as a musical prodigy, but his parents were cautious and did not seek to capitalise on his talent.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Felix Mendelssohn Performances & Interviews


Felix Mendelssohn Tracks

Felix Mendelssohn
Song without Words in F sharp minor, Op 19 No 5
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Song without Words in F sharp minor, Op 19 No 5

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Felix Mendelssohn
String Quartet No. 2 in A major, Op.13
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String Quartet No. 2 in A major, Op.13
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony No 4 in A major 'Italian' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 4 in A major 'Italian' (4th mvt)
Felix Mendelssohn
Piano Sonata in E major, Op 6
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Piano Sonata in E major, Op 6
Felix Mendelssohn
Cello Sonata No. 1 in B-Flat Major, Op. 45, MWV Q 27: III. Allegro assai
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Cello Sonata No. 1 in B-Flat Major, Op. 45, MWV Q 27: III. Allegro assai
Felix Mendelssohn
Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (3rd mvt)
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Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (3rd mvt)
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony No. 3 in A Minor Op.56 (Scottish)
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Symphony No. 3 in A Minor Op.56 (Scottish)
Felix Mendelssohn
Variations concertantes, Op 17
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Variations concertantes, Op 17
Felix Mendelssohn
String Quartet No. 6 op. 80
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String Quartet No. 6 op. 80
Felix Mendelssohn
Rondo capriccioso in E major/minor Op.14 for piano
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Rondo capriccioso in E major/minor Op.14 for piano
Felix Mendelssohn
Denn er hat seinen Engeln befohlen über dir (Then he gave his angels guard over you)
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Denn er hat seinen Engeln befohlen über dir (Then he gave his angels guard over you)
Felix Mendelssohn
Song Without Words
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Song Without Words
Felix Mendelssohn
Prelude and Fugure in E minor, Op 35 No 1
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Prelude and Fugure in E minor, Op 35 No 1
Felix Mendelssohn
Die Schone Melusine, Op.32
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Die Schone Melusine, Op.32
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony No 3 in A minor, Op 56 'Scottish'
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Symphony No 3 in A minor, Op 56 'Scottish'

Symphony No 3 in A minor, Op 56 'Scottish'

Orchestra
Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra
Conductor
Marcin Nalecz-Niesiolowski
Felix Mendelssohn
Sacred Pieces
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Sacred Pieces
Felix Mendelssohn
String Symphony No 10 in B minor
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String Symphony No 10 in B minor
Felix Mendelssohn
Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (Scherzo, arr for string orchestra)
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Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (Scherzo, arr for string orchestra)
Felix Mendelssohn
Felix Mendelssohn: a Midsummer Night's Dream, Incidental Music, Op 61: Intermezz
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Felix Mendelssohn: a Midsummer Night's Dream, Incidental Music, Op 61: Intermezz
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony no.4, 'Italian'
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Symphony no.4, 'Italian'
Felix Mendelssohn
String Symphony No 10 in B minor
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String Symphony No 10 in B minor
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony No 5 in D major, Op 107, 'Reformation' (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 5 in D major, Op 107, 'Reformation' (2nd mvt)
Felix Mendelssohn
String Quartet No.2, in A minor, Op 13
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String Quartet No.2, in A minor, Op 13
Felix Mendelssohn
Songs without words Op.85 No.4
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Songs without words Op.85 No.4
Felix Mendelssohn
Lieder ohne worte, Op. 130: No. 3 (Presto)
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Lieder ohne worte, Op. 130: No. 3 (Presto)
Felix Mendelssohn
Athalie, Op 74 (Overture)
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Athalie, Op 74 (Overture)
Felix Mendelssohn
String Symphony No 2 in D major
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String Symphony No 2 in D major
Felix Mendelssohn
'Duetto' from Lieder ohne worte, Op.38
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'Duetto' from Lieder ohne worte, Op.38
Felix Mendelssohn
Moderato in A, from Lieder ohne worte, Book 1 Op.19
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Moderato in A, from Lieder ohne worte, Book 1 Op.19
Felix Mendelssohn
Andante con moto in E from Lieder ohne worte, Op.19'1
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Andante con moto in E from Lieder ohne worte, Op.19'1
Felix Mendelssohn
The Fair Melusina, Op 32
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The Fair Melusina, Op 32
Felix Mendelssohn
Quartet no. 2 in A minor, Op.13
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Quartet no. 2 in A minor, Op.13
Felix Mendelssohn
String Symphony No 7 in D minor (4th mvt)
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String Symphony No 7 in D minor (4th mvt)
Felix Mendelssohn
"Trumpet" Overture Op.101 in C major
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"Trumpet" Overture Op.101 in C major
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony No.4 in A major, Op.90, 'Italian' (1st mvt)
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Symphony No.4 in A major, Op.90, 'Italian' (1st mvt)
Felix Mendelssohn
Scherzo (A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op.61)
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Scherzo (A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op.61)
Felix Mendelssohn
Heilig ist der Gott, der Herr Zebaoth
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Heilig ist der Gott, der Herr Zebaoth
Felix Mendelssohn
On wings of song arr Larsen, Op 34 No 2
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On wings of song arr Larsen, Op 34 No 2
Felix Mendelssohn
Midsummer Night's Dream Incidental Music - No.5 Intermezzo
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Midsummer Night's Dream Incidental Music - No.5 Intermezzo
Felix Mendelssohn
Sextet for piano and strings in D major, Op 110
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Sextet for piano and strings in D major, Op 110
Felix Mendelssohn
The Hebrides, Op 26
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The Hebrides, Op 26
Felix Mendelssohn
Venetian Barcarolle from 'Songs without words' (Op 62 no 5)
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Venetian Barcarolle from 'Songs without words' (Op 62 no 5)
Felix Mendelssohn
Songs without words, Op.19 No.1 in E major
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Songs without words, Op.19 No.1 in E major
Felix Mendelssohn
3 Studies for piano Op 104b
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3 Studies for piano Op 104b
Felix Mendelssohn
Variations concertantes Op.17 for cello and piano
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Variations concertantes Op.17 for cello and piano
Felix Mendelssohn
St Paul, Op.3 (Overture)
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St Paul, Op.3 (Overture)
Felix Mendelssohn
A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music Op.61: Nocturne
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A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music Op.61: Nocturne
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony No 5 in D major, Op 107, 'Reformation' (4th mvt)
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Symphony No 5 in D major, Op 107, 'Reformation' (4th mvt)
Felix Mendelssohn
Wedding March
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Wedding March
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