Felix Mendelssohn
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1809-02-03
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/0e85eb79-1c05-44ba-827c-7b259a3d941a
Felix Mendelssohn

Felix Mendelssohn Biography (BBC)

Felix Mendelssohn – grandson of an eminent Jewish philosopher and son of a wealthy banker who converted to Christianity – came from a happy and privileged background. The family home in Berlin was a lively intellectual centre and Felix’s education covered classics, science, languages, law and several other subjects besides music.

From the age of 11 he composed fluently and prolifically: a huge quantity of piano and chamber music, five concertos, a few little operas and a dozen symphonies for strings preceded his official Symphony No. 1 of 1824. Then came the works that demonstrated not just precocious talent but real depth, among them the Octet for strings (1825) and, a year later, the Overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

In his early twenties, beginning in 1829 with the first of his many visits to England, he spent three years travelling around Europe, meeting almost every cultural figure of note. His sensitivity to the spirit of the places he visited can be heard in such works as the ‘Italian’ and ‘Scottish’ Symphonies and the overture The Hebrides.

From 1833 to 1835 he worked mainly in Düsseldorf, and then from 1835 until his early death he was Municipal Music Director and conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig, where in 1843 he founded the influential Conservatory. He was outstanding as a pianist, organist, conductor and organiser, and tireless in promoting other composers’ music old and new – famously reviving Bach’s St Matthew Passion in 1829 and giving the posthumous first performance of Schubert’s Ninth Symphony in 1839.

Although he composed prolifically up to the end of his life in almost all forms (he never found the right opera libretto), he was rarely satisfied with his own facility, often keeping aside his major scores for a long period before presenting them to the public: the Violin Concerto (completed 1844) was six years in the making and the oratorio Elijah (completed 1846) nearly eight.

Mendelssohn was very conscious of his part in an unbroken tradition of German music deriving from Bach and the great classics of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, and in each of his major works searched for means of infusing this tradition with his own modern Romantic sensibility.

If his reputation suffered from the heavier performing styles of the later 19th century, which tended to sentimentalise his music, and also from the current of anti-Semitism that led to his music being banned by the Nazis, a modern perspective can appreciate his freshness and directness of expression, as well as the perfect ear for colour and texture, that place him among the greatest composers of any age.

Profile © Andrew Huth

Felix Mendelssohn Biography (Wikipedia)

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 – 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period.

A grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn was born into a prominent Jewish family. He was brought up without religion until the age of seven, when he was baptised as a Reformed Christian. Mendelssohn was recognised early as a musical prodigy, but his parents were cautious and did not seek to capitalise on his talent.

Mendelssohn enjoyed early success in Germany, where he also revived interest in the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, and in his travels throughout Europe. He was particularly well received in Britain as a composer, conductor and soloist, and his ten visits there – during which many of his major works were premiered – form an important part of his adult career. His essentially conservative musical tastes, however, set him apart from many of his more adventurous musical contemporaries such as Franz Liszt, Richard Wagner, Charles-Valentin Alkan and Hector Berlioz. The Leipzig Conservatoire (now the University of Music and Theatre Leipzig), which he founded, became a bastion of this anti-radical outlook.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Felix Mendelssohn Performances & Interviews


Felix Mendelssohn Tracks

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Felix Mendelssohn
Overture - Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage
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Overture - Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage
Felix Mendelssohn
"Ich bin ein vielgereister Mann", from Die Heimkehr aus der Fremde
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"Ich bin ein vielgereister Mann", from Die Heimkehr aus der Fremde
Felix Mendelssohn
Overture for wind instruments, Op 24
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Overture for wind instruments, Op 24
Felix Mendelssohn
Hora est for chorus and organ (antiphon and responsorium)
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Hora est for chorus and organ (antiphon and responsorium)
Felix Mendelssohn
Can Y Gwanwyn
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Can Y Gwanwyn
Felix Mendelssohn
3 Fantasies, Op.16: II. Scherzo
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3 Fantasies, Op.16: II. Scherzo
Felix Mendelssohn
Trio for piano and strings No.2 (Op.66) in C minor
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Trio for piano and strings No.2 (Op.66) in C minor
Felix Mendelssohn
Violin Concerto in E minor, Op 64 (feat. Simone Lamsma) (BBC NOW On the Road 2016-17)
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Violin Concerto in E minor, Op 64 (feat. Simone Lamsma) (BBC NOW On the Road 2016-17)
Felix Mendelssohn
Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage
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Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage
Felix Mendelssohn
Neue Liebe, Op 19 No 4
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Neue Liebe, Op 19 No 4

Neue Liebe, Op 19 No 4

Performer
Rebecca Afonwy-Jones
Alice Turner
Last played on
Felix Mendelssohn
Woe unto them (Elijah)
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Woe unto them (Elijah)

Woe unto them (Elijah)

Performer
Rebecca Afonwy-Jones
Alice Turner
Last played on
Felix Mendelssohn
Volkslied, Op 63 No 5
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Volkslied, Op 63 No 5
Felix Mendelssohn
Hebrides - overture (Op.26)
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Hebrides - overture (Op.26)
Felix Mendelssohn
A Midsummer night's dream - Scherzo
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A Midsummer night's dream - Scherzo
Felix Mendelssohn
Capriccio (Op.81`3) in E minor [orig string quartet]
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Capriccio (Op.81`3) in E minor [orig string quartet]
Felix Mendelssohn
Meeresstille und gluckliche Fahrt - Overture (Op. 27)
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Meeresstille und gluckliche Fahrt - Overture (Op. 27)
Felix Mendelssohn
Concerto for Violin, Piano and Orchestra
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Concerto for Violin, Piano and Orchestra
Felix Mendelssohn
Wind music from 'A Midsummer Night's Dream', Op.61
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Wind music from 'A Midsummer Night's Dream', Op.61
Felix Mendelssohn
Quartet for strings no. 6 (Op.80) in F minor, 3rd mvt.
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Quartet for strings no. 6 (Op.80) in F minor, 3rd mvt.
Felix Mendelssohn
Von Himmel hoch, chorale cantata
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Von Himmel hoch, chorale cantata
Felix Mendelssohn
Fantasia on an Irish song "The last rose of summer" for piano (Op.15)
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Fantasia on an Irish song "The last rose of summer" for piano (Op.15)
Felix Mendelssohn
Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (3rd mvt)
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Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (3rd mvt)

Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (3rd mvt)

Ensemble
Members of Australian Chamber Orchestra
Last played on
Felix Mendelssohn
Ruy Blas - overture Op.95
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Ruy Blas - overture Op.95
Felix Mendelssohn
The Hebrides, Op 26
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The Hebrides, Op 26
Felix Mendelssohn
Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (4th mvt)
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Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (4th mvt)

Octet in E flat major, Op 20 (4th mvt)

Ensemble
Members of Australian Chamber Orchestra
Last played on
Felix Mendelssohn
Frühlingslied in A major, Op 62 No 6
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Frühlingslied in A major, Op 62 No 6
Felix Mendelssohn
A Midsummer Night's Dream: Scherzo
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A Midsummer Night's Dream: Scherzo
Felix Mendelssohn
Violin Concerto in E minor (Op.64)
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Violin Concerto in E minor (Op.64)

Violin Concerto in E minor (Op.64)

Orchestra
Romanian Radio National Orchestra
Conductor
Mihail Agafiţa
Felix Mendelssohn
A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op.21. No. 3 Lied
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A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op.21. No. 3 Lied

A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op.21. No. 3 Lied

Performer
Ceri-Lyn Cissone, Monteverdi Choir, London Symphony Orchestra
Felix Mendelssohn
Fingal's Cave
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Fingal's Cave
Felix Mendelssohn
A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music Op.61: Nocturne
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A Midsummer night's dream - incidental music Op.61: Nocturne
Felix Mendelssohn
Hear My Prayer
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Hear My Prayer
Felix Mendelssohn
Die Schone Melusine - overture (Op.32)
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Die Schone Melusine - overture (Op.32)
Felix Mendelssohn
3 Studies Op.104b for piano
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3 Studies Op.104b for piano
Felix Mendelssohn
Meeresstille und glückliche Fahrt (Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage) (excerpt)
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Meeresstille und glückliche Fahrt (Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage) (excerpt)

Meeresstille und glückliche Fahrt (Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage) (excerpt)

Performer
London Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Sir John Eliot Gardiner
Felix Mendelssohn
Song without Words (Op. 109)
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Song without Words (Op. 109)
Felix Mendelssohn
Concerto for piano and strings in A minor MWV 02 (2nd movement)
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Concerto for piano and strings in A minor MWV 02 (2nd movement)
Felix Mendelssohn
A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op 61 (Scherzo)
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A Midsummer Night's Dream, Op 61 (Scherzo)
Felix Mendelssohn
Scherzo from A Midsummer Night's Dream
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Scherzo from A Midsummer Night's Dream
Felix Mendelssohn
Hear my prayer - hymn, arr. for soprano, chorus & orchestra
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Hear my prayer - hymn, arr. for soprano, chorus & orchestra
Felix Mendelssohn
Violin Concerto in E minor: III. Allegretto non troppo - Allegro molto vivace
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Violin Concerto in E minor: III. Allegretto non troppo - Allegro molto vivace
Felix Mendelssohn
Ave Maria
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Ave Maria
Felix Mendelssohn
Smphony No 4 in A
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Smphony No 4 in A

Smphony No 4 in A

Orchestra
Bavarian Radio SO
Felix Mendelssohn
Herbstlied (Op.84 No.2)
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Herbstlied (Op.84 No.2)
Felix Mendelssohn
Scherzo Op. 16 No. 2 (arr Volkmar Andreae)
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Scherzo Op. 16 No. 2 (arr Volkmar Andreae)
Felix Mendelssohn
Meeresstille und gluckliche Fahrt [Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage] - overture Op.27
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Meeresstille und gluckliche Fahrt [Calm Sea and Prosperous Voyage] - overture Op.27
Felix Mendelssohn
Song without Words in E major, Op 19 No 1
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Song without Words in E major, Op 19 No 1
Felix Mendelssohn
Symphony No 3 in A minor, Op 56, 'Scottish' (2nd mvt)
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Symphony No 3 in A minor, Op 56, 'Scottish' (2nd mvt)
Felix Mendelssohn
Prelude and Fugure in E minor, Op 35 No 1
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Prelude and Fugure in E minor, Op 35 No 1
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