Frédéric Chopin

Composer. Born 22 February 1810. Died 17 October 1849
Frédéric Chopin
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1810-02-22
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Frédéric Chopin

Frédéric Chopin Biography (BBC)

Chopin’s father was a Frenchman who went to Poland, where he earned his living as a teacher and married a Polish woman. Their only son, Fryderyk (or Frédéric), was a child prodigy whose playing was in demand among the aristocracy of Warsaw. He had a Polonaise published when he was aged only 7. He played for the unpopular Grand Duke Constantin at the age of 10, and the Tsar when he was 15. (In the post Napoleonic era Poland was part of the Russian empire.) Chopin entered the Warsaw Conservatory the following year and took Józef Elsner’s three-year course in harmony, counterpoint and composition.

Chopin’s first piano teacher, Adalbert Zywny, had already introduced him to the music of Bach and the Viennese classics. As a pianist, however, Chopin is considered to have been self-taught: he doesn’t seem to have needed to practise very much. His more extended early works were decorative and brilliant, in the line of display pieces by touring virtuosos like Hummel.

After giving two big concerts in Warsaw at which he introduced his two piano concertos, Chopin left for Vienna in November 1830, staying eight months, during which he learnt of the Warsaw Uprising. He never saw Poland again. He made his way to Paris, where he soon felt at home, since there were many Polish émigrés in the French capital.

Although he made his French debut in the Salle Pleyel, Chopin disliked the publicity and pressure of large concerts, preferring small gatherings in society apartments, where the subtlety of his touch could be better appreciated. Because of his popularity, he found he could make a handsome living from teaching: not only rich young ladies, but also talented students who became professionals. His music sold well, and from 1833 it was published simultaneously in England, France and Germany.

Chopin wrote Nocturnes and shorter pieces in dance forms, such as Mazurkas, Waltzes and Polonaises, throughout his career. He found his mature style early, with the first set of Études, Op. 10 (1829–32). These are still, with their sequel, the Op. 25 set, the cornerstone of modern piano technique, as well as powerfully poetic pieces.

Chopin started a relationship with the novelist George Sand in 1838, composing some of his Préludes, Op. 28, during a winter spent with her in Majorca, where bad weather exacerbated his tuberculosis. From 1839 to 1845 he spent winters in Paris and summers at Sand’s country house at Nohant, writing the Third and Fourth Scherzos, the last two Ballades, the Fantasy in F minor and the Sonata No. 3 in B minor.

The liaison with Sand broke up in 1847, complicated by battles with her two children. The following year, revolution broke out in Paris. An escape of sorts was offered by Chopin’s rich Scottish pupil Jane Stirling, who invited him to England and Scotland, though by now he was seriously ill. He died less than a year after his return to Paris.

Profile © Adrian Jack

Frédéric Chopin Biography (Wikipedia)

Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for solo piano. He has maintained worldwide renown as a leading musician of his era, one whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation."

Chopin was born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin in the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising. At 21, he settled in Paris. Thereafter—in the last 18 years of his life—he gave only 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and by giving piano lessons, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his other musical contemporaries (including Robert Schumann). In 1835, Chopin obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska from 1836 to 1837, he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer Amantine Dupin (known by her pen name, George Sand). A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 would prove one of his most productive periods of composition. In his final years, he was supported financially by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. For most of his life, Chopin was in poor health. He died in Paris in 1849 at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Frédéric Chopin Performances & Interviews


Frédéric Chopin Tracks

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Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in F minor (Op.55 No.1)
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Nocturne in F minor (Op.55 No.1)
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in D flat, Op.27 no.2
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Nocturne in D flat, Op.27 no.2
Frédéric Chopin
Fantasy in F minor, Op.49
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Fantasy in F minor, Op.49
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in G major, Op 37 No 2
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Nocturne in G major, Op 37 No 2
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in C minor, Op 48, No 1
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Nocturne in C minor, Op 48, No 1
Frédéric Chopin
Rondo for piano (Op.1) in C minor
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Rondo for piano (Op.1) in C minor
Frédéric Chopin
Waltz in A flat major, Op 42
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Waltz in A flat major, Op 42
Frédéric Chopin
Six Songs from Polish Songs, Op 74
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Six Songs from Polish Songs, Op 74
Frédéric Chopin
Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op 50 No 3
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Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op 50 No 3
Frédéric Chopin
Polonaise No 7 in A flat (Op. 53)
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Polonaise No 7 in A flat (Op. 53)
Frédéric Chopin
Etude in F major (Op.10 No.8)
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Etude in F major (Op.10 No.8)
Frédéric Chopin
Impromptu in G flat major, Op 51
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Impromptu in G flat major, Op 51
Frédéric Chopin
24 Preludes, Op 28
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24 Preludes, Op 28
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in G minor Op.15 no.3
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Nocturne in G minor Op.15 no.3
Frédéric Chopin
Polonaise-fantaisie, Op 61
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Polonaise-fantaisie, Op 61
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in D flat major, Op 27 No 2
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Nocturne in D flat major, Op 27 No 2
Frédéric Chopin
Fantasie Impromptu, Op.66
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Fantasie Impromptu, Op.66
Frédéric Chopin
Barcarolle in F sharp major Op.60
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Barcarolle in F sharp major Op.60
Frédéric Chopin
Polonaise in F sharp minor (Op.44)
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Polonaise in F sharp minor (Op.44)
Frédéric Chopin
Sonata no. 2 in B flat minor Op.35
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Sonata no. 2 in B flat minor Op.35
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in E flat major, Op 55 No 2 arr Heifetz
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Nocturne in E flat major, Op 55 No 2 arr Heifetz
Frédéric Chopin
Berceuse in D flat major, Op 57
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Berceuse in D flat major, Op 57
Frédéric Chopin
Mazurka in B flat Minor, Op. 24 No. 4
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Mazurka in B flat Minor, Op. 24 No. 4
Frédéric Chopin
Prelude in D flat major (Raindrop)
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Prelude in D flat major (Raindrop)
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in E flat major, op. 9 no. 2 & Nocturne in B major, op. 32 no. 1
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Nocturne in E flat major, op. 9 no. 2 & Nocturne in B major, op. 32 no. 1
Frédéric Chopin
Ballade No.2 in F major (Op.38)
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Ballade No.2 in F major (Op.38)
Frédéric Chopin
Andante spianato and grande polonaise brillante in E flat major Op.22
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Andante spianato and grande polonaise brillante in E flat major Op.22
Frédéric Chopin
3 Waltzes Op.64 for piano - No. 2 in C sharp minor
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3 Waltzes Op.64 for piano - No. 2 in C sharp minor
Frédéric Chopin
Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op 63 No 3
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Mazurka in C sharp minor, Op 63 No 3
Frédéric Chopin
Sonata in B flat minor (Op.35)
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Sonata in B flat minor (Op.35)
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in D flat major, Op 27 No 2
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Nocturne in D flat major, Op 27 No 2
Frédéric Chopin
Ballade No 4 in F minor, Op 52
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Ballade No 4 in F minor, Op 52
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne in B major (Op. 32, No.1)
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Nocturne in B major (Op. 32, No.1)
Frédéric Chopin
Nocturne on F sharp Op.15 No.2
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Nocturne on F sharp Op.15 No.2
Frédéric Chopin
Polonaise in C sharp minor, Op 26 No 1
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Polonaise in C sharp minor, Op 26 No 1
Frédéric Chopin
Mazurka in C major, Op 56 No 2
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Mazurka in C major, Op 56 No 2
Frédéric Chopin
Variations on a German air
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Variations on a German air
Frédéric Chopin
Introduction & variations on a theme from Herold's Ludovic (Op.12) in B flat major ('Varations brillantes')
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Introduction & variations on a theme from Herold's Ludovic (Op.12) in B flat major ('Varations brillantes')
Frédéric Chopin
Waltz No. 42 in A flat, оp. 42
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Waltz No. 42 in A flat, оp. 42
Frédéric Chopin
Ballade No 1 in G minor, Op 23
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Ballade No 1 in G minor, Op 23
Frédéric Chopin
Polonaise In A Flat Major Op.53 (Eroica) For Piano
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Polonaise In A Flat Major Op.53 (Eroica) For Piano
Frédéric Chopin
Barcarolle In F Sharp Major Op.60 For Piano
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Barcarolle In F Sharp Major Op.60 For Piano
Frédéric Chopin
12 Studies Op.25 for piano - i No.1; ii No. 5; iii No.7; iv No.12
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12 Studies Op.25 for piano - i No.1; ii No. 5; iii No.7; iv No.12
Frédéric Chopin
Sonata No. 2 In B Flat Minor Op.35 For Piano
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Sonata No. 2 In B Flat Minor Op.35 For Piano
Frédéric Chopin
Fantasy In F Minor Op.49 For Piano
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Fantasy In F Minor Op.49 For Piano
Frédéric Chopin
Prelude no 15 in D flat, Op 28
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Prelude no 15 in D flat, Op 28
Frédéric Chopin
Grande Polonaise in E flat major, Op 22
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Grande Polonaise in E flat major, Op 22
Frédéric Chopin
Two Nocturnes Op. 32
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Two Nocturnes Op. 32
Ingrid Fliter
Waltz No.1 In E Flat, Op.18 -''Grande Valse Brillante''
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Waltz No.1 In E Flat, Op.18 -''Grande Valse Brillante''
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