Fryderyk Chopin
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1810-02-22
https://musicbrainz.org/artist/09ff1fe8-d61c-4b98-bb82-18487c74d7b7
Fryderyk Chopin

Fryderyk Chopin Biography (BBC)

Chopin’s father was a Frenchman who went to Poland, where he earned his living as a teacher and married a Polish woman. Their only son, Fryderyk (or Frédéric), was a child prodigy whose playing was in demand among the aristocracy of Warsaw. He had a Polonaise published when he was aged only 7. He played for the unpopular Grand Duke Constantin at the age of 10, and the Tsar when he was 15. (In the post Napoleonic era Poland was part of the Russian empire.) Chopin entered the Warsaw Conservatory the following year and took Józef Elsner’s three-year course in harmony, counterpoint and composition.

Chopin’s first piano teacher, Adalbert Zywny, had already introduced him to the music of Bach and the Viennese classics. As a pianist, however, Chopin is considered to have been self-taught: he doesn’t seem to have needed to practise very much. His more extended early works were decorative and brilliant, in the line of display pieces by touring virtuosos like Hummel.

After giving two big concerts in Warsaw at which he introduced his two piano concertos, Chopin left for Vienna in November 1830, staying eight months, during which he learnt of the Warsaw Uprising. He never saw Poland again. He made his way to Paris, where he soon felt at home, since there were many Polish émigrés in the French capital.

Although he made his French debut in the Salle Pleyel, Chopin disliked the publicity and pressure of large concerts, preferring small gatherings in society apartments, where the subtlety of his touch could be better appreciated. Because of his popularity, he found he could make a handsome living from teaching: not only rich young ladies, but also talented students who became professionals. His music sold well, and from 1833 it was published simultaneously in England, France and Germany.

Chopin wrote Nocturnes and shorter pieces in dance forms, such as Mazurkas, Waltzes and Polonaises, throughout his career. He found his mature style early, with the first set of Études, Op. 10 (1829–32). These are still, with their sequel, the Op. 25 set, the cornerstone of modern piano technique, as well as powerfully poetic pieces.

Chopin started a relationship with the novelist George Sand in 1838, composing some of his Préludes, Op. 28, during a winter spent with her in Majorca, where bad weather exacerbated his tuberculosis. From 1839 to 1845 he spent winters in Paris and summers at Sand’s country house at Nohant, writing the Third and Fourth Scherzos, the last two Ballades, the Fantasy in F minor and the Sonata No. 3 in B minor.

The liaison with Sand broke up in 1847, complicated by battles with her two children. The following year, revolution broke out in Paris. An escape of sorts was offered by Chopin’s rich Scottish pupil Jane Stirling, who invited him to England and Scotland, though by now he was seriously ill. He died less than a year after his return to Paris.

Profile © Adrian Jack

Fryderyk Chopin Biography (Wikipedia)

Frédéric François Chopin (1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and by teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska from 1836 to 1837, he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French woman writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

Fryderyk Chopin Performances & Interviews


Fryderyk Chopin Tracks

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Fryderyk Chopin
3 Waltzes Op. 64 No. 2 in C sharp minor
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3 Waltzes Op. 64 No. 2 in C sharp minor
Fryderyk Chopin
Barcarolle (Op.60)
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Barcarolle (Op.60)
Fryderyk Chopin
Nocturne in C sharp minor arr. violin & piano
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Nocturne in C sharp minor arr. violin & piano
Fryderyk Chopin
24 Preludes Op 28, No 17 in A flat major
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24 Preludes Op 28, No 17 in A flat major
Fryderyk Chopin
24 Preludes Op 28, No 15 in D flat major (Raindrop)
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24 Preludes Op 28, No 15 in D flat major (Raindrop)
Fryderyk Chopin
Piano Concerto No 2 in F minor, Op 21 (2nd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 2 in F minor, Op 21 (2nd mvt)
Fryderyk Chopin
Nocturne in D major (original in E flat) (Op.9 No.2)
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Nocturne in D major (original in E flat) (Op.9 No.2)
Fryderyk Chopin
Prelude, No. 11, Op. 28 in B Major
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Prelude, No. 11, Op. 28 in B Major
Fryderyk Chopin
Scherzo No.2 in B flat minor (Op.31)
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Scherzo No.2 in B flat minor (Op.31)
Fryderyk Chopin
Polonaise Brillante Op.3 in C Major
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Polonaise Brillante Op.3 in C Major

Polonaise Brillante Op.3 in C Major

Performer
Jamal Aliyev
Maria Tarasewicz
Last played on
Fryderyk Chopin
Scherzo No 2 in B flat minor, Op.31
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Scherzo No 2 in B flat minor, Op.31
Fryderyk Chopin
Scherzo No 1 in B minor, Op 20
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Scherzo No 1 in B minor, Op 20
Fryderyk Chopin
Rondo a la krakowiak in F major, Op 14
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Rondo a la krakowiak in F major, Op 14
Fryderyk Chopin
Berceuse in D flat major, Op 57
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Berceuse in D flat major, Op 57
Fryderyk Chopin
2 Nocturnes for piano (Op.62)
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2 Nocturnes for piano (Op.62)
Fryderyk Chopin
Piano Sonata No 2 in B-Flat Minor, Op 35 (4th mvt)
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Piano Sonata No 2 in B-Flat Minor, Op 35 (4th mvt)
Fryderyk Chopin
Etude Op 25 No 1
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Etude Op 25 No 1
Fryderyk Chopin
Scherzo for piano No.4 (Op.54) in E major
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Scherzo for piano No.4 (Op.54) in E major
Fryderyk Chopin
3 Waltzes for piano (Op.34), no.2 in A minor
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3 Waltzes for piano (Op.34), no.2 in A minor
Fryderyk Chopin
Ballade in F major, Op 38 No 2
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Ballade in F major, Op 38 No 2
Fryderyk Chopin
Waltz in D-Flat Major, Op. 64, No. 1 "Minute Waltz"
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Waltz in D-Flat Major, Op. 64, No. 1 "Minute Waltz"
Fryderyk Chopin
Waltz Op 64 No 1
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Waltz Op 64 No 1
Fryderyk Chopin
Minute Waltz
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Minute Waltz
Fryderyk Chopin
Waltz for piano (Op.34 No.1) in A flat major
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Waltz for piano (Op.34 No.1) in A flat major
Fryderyk Chopin
Waltz in E flat major Op.18 'Grande valse brillante'
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Waltz in E flat major Op.18 'Grande valse brillante'
Fryderyk Chopin
Prelude in A, Op 24 No 7
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Prelude in A, Op 24 No 7
Fryderyk Chopin
Mazurka in A flat major op.50 no.2
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Mazurka in A flat major op.50 no.2

Mazurka in A flat major op.50 no.2

Performer
Nathalia Milstein
Last played on
Fryderyk Chopin
Nocturne in D flat Op.27 No.2
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Nocturne in D flat Op.27 No.2
Fryderyk Chopin
Polonaise in C minor, Op.40 No.2
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Polonaise in C minor, Op.40 No.2
Fryderyk Chopin
Sonata for piano no. 2 (Op.35) in B flat minor
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Sonata for piano no. 2 (Op.35) in B flat minor
Fryderyk Chopin
Nocturne in B flat minor, Op 9 No 1
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Nocturne in B flat minor, Op 9 No 1
Fryderyk Chopin
Polonaise in C sharp minor, Op 26 No 1
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Polonaise in C sharp minor, Op 26 No 1
Fryderyk Chopin
Nocturne in E flat (Op.55 No.2) arr. for flute, cor anglais and harp
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Nocturne in E flat (Op.55 No.2) arr. for flute, cor anglais and harp
Fryderyk Chopin
Nocturne for piano in C sharp minor, Op.posth
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Nocturne for piano in C sharp minor, Op.posth
Fryderyk Chopin
Nocturne for piano in E major, Op.62 No.2
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Nocturne for piano in E major, Op.62 No.2
Fryderyk Chopin
2 Nocturnes for piano, Op.27
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2 Nocturnes for piano, Op.27
Fryderyk Chopin
3 Nocturnes for piano, Op.15
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3 Nocturnes for piano, Op.15
Fryderyk Chopin
Piano Sonata No.3 in B minor Op.58
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Piano Sonata No.3 in B minor Op.58
Fryderyk Chopin
Waltz No.14 in E minor, Op.posth
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Waltz No.14 in E minor, Op.posth
Fryderyk Chopin
Impromptu in G flat major Op.51 for piano
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Impromptu in G flat major Op.51 for piano
Fryderyk Chopin
Piano Concerto No.2 in F minor, Op.21 (2nd mvt: Larghetto)
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Piano Concerto No.2 in F minor, Op.21 (2nd mvt: Larghetto)
Fryderyk Chopin
Study in C minor, Op 10 No 12, 'Revolutionary'
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Study in C minor, Op 10 No 12, 'Revolutionary'
Fryderyk Chopin
From 24 Preludes for piano (Op.28): Nos. 4-11, 19 and 17
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From 24 Preludes for piano (Op.28): Nos. 4-11, 19 and 17
Fryderyk Chopin
Ballade no.1 in G minor (Op.23)
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Ballade no.1 in G minor (Op.23)
Fryderyk Chopin
Prelude in D flat major, Op 28 No 15, 'Raindrop'
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Prelude in D flat major, Op 28 No 15, 'Raindrop'
Fryderyk Chopin
Barcarolle in F sharp major (Op.60)
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Barcarolle in F sharp major (Op.60)
Fryderyk Chopin
24 Préludes, Op. 28: No. 4 in E Minor, Largo
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24 Préludes, Op. 28: No. 4 in E Minor, Largo
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