The City & The City

An adaptation of China Miéville’s novel by writer Tony Grisoni, starring David Morrissey

Tony Grisoni (Writer)

We choose what we see and what we unsee all of the time. Sometimes we do that in a very unconscious way and sometimes it is very conscious, it is partly how we survive in cities.Tony Grisoni
Date: 26.03.2018     Last updated: 26.03.2018 at 00.01
Category: BBC Two; Drama
Tony Grisoni explains how he became involved with the project...

"I didn’t know China Miéville personally but I knew his work and I was really interested in what him and a few others have termed ‘weird fiction’ which is this version of science fiction that tends to be anchored in the reality we all experience from day to day but has a slight kink that makes you reappraise it, so you look at things in a slightly different way.

"I didn’t know the book The City & The City until Mammoth Screen got in touch with me and asked me to read it and consider adapting it. I read the book in Cairo, which seemed fitting, Cairo, like a lot of big cities, is very much a double city. I really enjoyed the read. Rule number one is you don’t take on an adaptation unless you love the original source material, which I did, partly because it presented real challenges and problems to produce a screenplay and TV show or film."

How do you start bringing these cities to the small screen?

"One of the most obvious challenges was the notion that you have two cities which coexist in the same geographical space but which are separate because people are taught from birth to unsee the other city. So it isn’t a parallel world where you could cut between two realities or cities or worlds, it is one where the two are constantly in existence, in the same space. I am not a big fan of CGI because I am more interested in an emotional response to things rather than literal visualisation and this is a good example of trying to do that from the outset.

"I used point of view; the story is being told mostly by Borlú, the main character, so I decided we would see what he sees. He lives in the city of Besźel and he sees Besźel so we see that too. There is talk in headquarters about the existence of this other city but you don’t see it, except when he breaks the law and has a little peek at the other city and you visualise him doing that or if he is in an emotional state and the membrane between cities dissipates to a degree.

"We choose what we see and what we unsee all of the time. Sometimes we do that in a very unconscious way and sometimes it is very conscious, it is partly how we survive in cities. We choose to punish people for crimes but we don’t choose to see the punishment we inflict as being a crime in itself. I think people are interested in concepts like that and enjoy the playfulness of ‘what if?’ Supposing we have people living in two cities at the same time, how will that work out? These concepts lead to complexity which is why I think people enjoy them so much, TV audiences demand greater and greater complexity. Having said all of that, underneath all of this is a very familiar noir detective story; a cop investigates a murder. That is the strong through-line, which you can hang these strange ideas upon."

How does the TV version differ from China's book and how do you make those decisions?

"There are various differences between the screenplay and the novel. The first thing to remember is they are two different languages, though on the surface they appear very similar - using words, sentences and punctuation - the language of the screenplay operates in a completely different way. The screenplay is part of a process; it is not a complete thing in itself as a novel is. A novel includes interior monologue, which is something that doesn’t exist in a screenplay (other than through voice over but even then it operates differently). So things must change and China was very generous, curious and very supportive all the way through. We had several meetings when I was asking questions, trying to understand the novel better, testing out various ideas on him to get his input and that was a real help.

"One of the things is that in the novel Borlú has two girlfriends who he doesn’t really see very much but I became interested… it felt to me like there was a wife somehow in his past. Very often these changes aren’t something I bring to the novel but something I might find within, a kind of archaeology in a way - a feeling that exists somehow in the texture of the novel. That applied to the idea of Borlú’s wife and once I decided that, what interested me was that there was now a further division: Borlú lives in this twin city and also has a past life. I got interested in the idea of his past impinging on his present which created another membrane, another divide - or threat in the way the past might invade the present. Also, David Morrissey gave Borlú an emotional core - a man who needs to believe in black and white - that kind of policeman - but the woman he chose to spend his life with was the exact opposite of him.

"Dhatt, the detective he meets in the other city when he crosses over, is male in the book but in the screenplay she is a female. Why I did I do that? I don’t really know. It seemed like an interesting idea and it made her very much a counterpoint to his female colleague in Besźel, it added to the image of Borlú surrounded by women who have authority over him or know something he doesn’t, and which he has to find a way to deal with. But the truth is I remember changing that character’s sex and not having a clear idea of why at all, it was like glimpsing something in the forest and pursuing it."