Session 2

In this session we look at the unit’s new language in more detail, and learn the rules for how to use must and have to.

Wayiitiwwan marii boqonnaa kana keessaa

Wayitii marii qabxii 2

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    Activity 1
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    Activity 2
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    Activity 3
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    Activity 4
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    Activity 5

The doctor's advice

The doctor

In this session, we're going to look at must and have to in more detail. First, read this summary of what the doctor said to Mr Christmas (hear Mr Christmas talk about his meeting with his doctor in activity 2, session 1): 

"Andy, your diet is not very healthy. The good news is you don't have to stop celebrating Christmas every day. You must stop eating so much. You mustn't eat all that fatty food. And remember, you have to take some exercise."

Hojii kana yaali

To do

Let's start exploring the rules of using must and have to with a quiz. Good luck.

'Must' and 'have to': the rules

7 Questions

Answer these questions to discover some rules for using 'must' and 'have to'

Baga gammadde! Qormaata xumurteetta
Excellent! Great job! Carraa badaa! Qabxii argatte:
x / y


In the next activity we will explore the answers to the quiz in more detail.

Caasluga kutaa kanaa

  • If you must do something, it is necessary for you to do it, but this is often your opinion or a rule that you have made yourself.

    If you have to do something, it is necessary for you to do it. It’s a law, an obligation or a fact.

    If you don’t have to do something, it isn’t necessary to do it, but you can if you want.

    If you mustn’t do something, it means ‘don’t do it’. It is necessary not to do it.