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Session 15

Buttons are everywhere – in homes, in lifts, on our phones. They are an essential part of using our tools. But many people enjoy pushing buttons for the mere fun of it. Why are they so satisfying to use? Find out more and learn some great language on this topic.
बटन्स सगळीकडे असतात - घरी, लिफ्टमध्ये, आपल्या फोनवर सुद्धा! आपल्या जीवनाचा अविभाज्य भाग आहे बटन्स. बटनांशी चाळा करायला अनेकांना आवडतं. यात एवढं समाधान देणारं काय असतं? जाणुन घेऊ.    

Session 15 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Why do we love pressing buttons?

Why are buttons so satisfying to use? Find out more and learn some great language on this topic.
बटन दाबताना आपल्याला समाधान का वाटतं? जाणून घेऊया त्यामागचं शास्त्र  

Before you listen (ऐकण्याआधी)

Consider the following questions:
1) Where do we commonly find buttons? List as many places or objects in a minute as you can.
2) hat other ways have humans invented to activate or control technology? Do you know these words in English?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Hello! ऐकलंत का? Listen Here! मध्ये तुमचं स्वागत. या मालिकेत आपण वेगवेगळ्या गोष्टींवर चर्चा करतो आणि त्या संदर्भातले शब्द जाणून घेतो. मी तेजाली...

And I'm Tom. Hi everyone!

टॉम तुला एक विचारू? तुला बटन दाबायला आवडत का?

Absolutely! I love to! Once, when I was about 12, I was standing next to the button which activates the fire alarm in my school. But I didn’t know it was the fire alarm.

Uh oh! You didn't! 

I really wanted to know what it did. So I pressed it.

And… what happened?

Well, it started the fire alarm, obviously! It was very naughty and I got into a lot of trouble! But I couldn't resist the temptation!

एखादं बटण दाबून पाहण्यासाठीची ती जी तीव्र इच्छा, temptation असते ना, ते तुम्ही नाही थांबवू शकत नाही, resist करू शकत नाही. Resist म्हणजे मोह आवरणे, विरोध, प्रतिकार करणे. जरा आणखी तपशीलात पाहू की  हे नक्की काय आहे ते. त्यासाठी आपण केंब्रिज विद्यापीठामधल्या प्राध्यापकांशी बोलू या, आपल्याला बटणं दाबायला एवढं का आवडतं, याबद्दल ते आपल्याला सांगतायत.  इतकंच नाही तर ती कृती करण्याची जी तीव्र इच्छा असते त्याबद्दलही ते बोलणार आहेत. सगळी बटणं पाहून आपल्याला असं होतं का? चला तर ऐकूया आणि शोधूया.

We do love buttons, and I think the pleasure and the temptation of buttons… this temptation, and everyone feels it, which is why buttons have to be very convenient.  

Well, that's a relief!

You're not alone. He says, everyone feels temptation!    

And that is why buttons need to be made convenient.

म्हणजे सोयीस्कर. Like my local shops. When I need to get certain items like bread, milk very quickly, I go to the shop near my house. It's very convenient.

Very convenient.

पण बटण फक्त सोयीस्करंच असणं पुरेस आहे का? आणखी काय असायला हवं? चला, दुसरा भाग ऐकूया.

…this temptation, and everyone feels it, which is why buttons have to be very convenient. On the other hand, they have to be kept away from children, so they've got to be put high up on the wall, and buttons that really matter have to be made quite hard to push – like put behind glass or something.

त्यांनी दोन गोष्टी सांगितल्या. Keep away म्हणजे दूर ठेवणे. म्हणजे लहान मुलांचा हात पोचणार नाहीत अशा उंचीवर बटणं असली पाहिजेत. माझ्या शाळेत असा काही नियम होता असं मला आठवत नाही. टॉम तुमच्याकडे होता? 

No, they didn't! And he also said that buttons that really matter have to be hard to push. What kind of button really matters?

Matter म्हणजे महत्त्वाचं, अशी गोष्ट ज्याने फरक पडतो. बटणं का महत्त्वाची आहेत, त्यामुळे काय फरक पडतो बरं? फायर अलार्मबद्दल काय म्हणणं आहे तुमचं? या एका बटणामुळे कितीतरी लोकांचं आयुष्य वाचत. Lives really matter. They really count and they are really significant. आता हेच तीन प्रकारे सांगता येतं बरं का !

Matter, count and be significant. Very nice!
Next, how does the speaker introduce a new idea? Listen again after the word ‘convenient’.

…which is why buttons have to be very convenient. On the other hand, they have to be kept away from children…

ते म्हणाले, on the other handम्हणजे दुसरीकडे, दुसऱ्या बाजूला. एखाद्या विषयात आपलं मत वेगळं असेल तर ते व्यक्त करताना या शब्दांनी सुरुवात करतो.

But he still hasn't explained why we love buttons!

चला,आता शेवटची क्लिप ऐकूया. आपल्याला बटणं का आवडतात?

You know what I think? I think it's down to the fidgeting instinct of very digital or manual creatures. I think we want to fidget with things and adjust them. I guess it's the grooming instinct in apes.

So, we love buttons because we love to fidget and adjust things?

अर्थात! आपल्याला वस्तुंशी चाळा करायला, त्या हाताळायला आवडतं, त्या adjust करायला आवडतं. I'm always fidgeting with my keys.

And this is down to, which means ‘because of’, the grooming instincts passed on to us from our ancestors the apes.

You know what I think? I think it's time to go.
चला, आजचा भाग इथेच थांबवू या. आजच्या भागात आपण resist, temptation, convenient, matter, count, significant, on the other hand, fidget, adjust, be down toहे शब्द शिकलो.  पुन्हा भेटूया Listen here च्या पुढच्या भागात.  Bye!    

Language features

on the one hand / on the other hand

These phrases are used to introduce or compare two conflicting points or arguments. They are particularly useful in formal debate or formal writing.

On the one hand tourism generates huge amounts of money for a particular country. On the other hand the result of tourism is often ecological damage, which removes the reason tourists wish to visit in the first place. 

In more informal circumstances, we can make our first point without saying on the one hand, but we use on the other hand to show contrast. 

(On the one hand) Working in an open office can encourage collaboration. On the other hand there's much less privacy than many would like.

you know what I think? I think…

You know what I think is a way of introducing your opinion. When we ask this, we do not usually expect an answer, as it is not truly a question. It is a way of signalling that we are about to give our opinion and can be used in informal circumstances.

You know what I think? I think we should forget France and go to Italy for our holiday.

Other more formal expressions to introduce your opinion are:
In my opinion…
In my view…
As I see it … 

In my opinion, we should invest in foreign markets.
In my view, taking legal action would be a bad idea.
As I see it, Tom is absolutely right.

be down to

We use be down to to explain a reason for something – like because. Be careful to change the 'be' verb to represent the correct tense and/or subject pronoun.

This terrible weather is down to global warming. Trust me.
The rise in crime was down to unemployment.
If you fail your exams, it will be down to too much TV!

Why do we love pressing buttons?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
योग्य उत्तर निवडा.

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Hereचे पुढचा भाग नक्की बघा. तुम्ही आणखी उपयुक्त शब्द शिकाल आणि तुमच्या श्रवण कौशल्याचा सरावही होईल अशा विषयांवर बोलणार आहोत.

Session Vocabulary

  • resist
    अवरोध, प्रतिकार 



    बाब, महत्त्वाची गोष्ट  

    मोजणे, महत्त्वाचं आहे  


    on the one hand…
    एका बाजूला 

    on the other hand…
    दुसऱ्या बाजूला 

    खेळ करणे, चाळा करणे 

    नीटनेटकं करणे