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Session 15

Buttons are everywhere – in homes, in lifts, on our phones. They are an essential part of using our tools. But many people enjoy pushing buttons for the mere fun of it. Why are they so satisfying to use? Find out more and learn some great language on this topic.

બટનો બધે છે - ઘરોમાં, લિફ્ટમાં અને અમારા ફોન ઉપર. બટનો આપણા સાધનોને ઉપયોગ કરવા માટે હોય છે પણ ઘણા લોકો માત્ર આનંદ માટે વારંવાર દબાવે છે. અાવું કરવું કેમ લોકોને આનંદ આપે છે? ઍપિસોડ સાંભળો અને જાણો આ વિષય ઉપર વધુ. સાથે-સાથે શીખો મહત્ત્વની અંગ્રેજી ભાષા પણ.

Session 15 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Why do we love pressing buttons?

Why are buttons so satisfying to use? Find out more and learn some great language on this topic.
શા માટે બટનનો ઉપયોગ કરવાથી લોકોને આનંદ મળે છે? ઍપિસોડ સાંભળો અને જાણો આ વિષય ઉપર વધુ. સાથે-સાથે શીખો મહત્ત્વની અંગ્રેજી ભાષા પણ.

Before you listen/Pre-listening

Consider the following questions:
1) Where do we commonly find buttons? List as many places or objects in a minute as you can.
2) hat other ways have humans invented to activate or control technology? Do you know these words in English?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

હેલ્લો એન્ડ Welcome to Listen here! આ એક એવો કાર્યક્રમ છે જ્યાં તમે શીખશો અંગ્રેજી સમાચારોની અંદર ઉપયોગમાં લેવાતા ભાષા વિશે. હું છું રીષી.

And I'm Tom. Hi everyone!

ટોમ તમારા માટે એક પ્રશ્ન. શું તમને બટન દબાવવું ગમે છે?

Absolutely! I love to! Once, when I was about 12, I was standing next to the button which activates the fire alarm in my school. But I didn’t know it was the fire alarm.

Uh oh! You didn't!

I really wanted to know what it did. So I pressed it.

And… what happened?

Well, it started the fire alarm, obviously! It was very naughty and I got into a lot of trouble! But I couldn't resist the temptation!

You couldn't resist the temptation to press the button. ગુજરાતીમાં resist નો અર્થ થાય છે પ્રતિકાર કરવો જ્યારે temptation એટલે લોભાવું. મિત્રો, હવે તમે Cambridge University નાં પ્રોફેસરને સાંભળો જે જણાવી રહ્યાં છે શા માટે આપણને બટન દબાવવામાં મજા આવે છે. તે temptation વિશે પણ જણાવે છે. Is this a common feeling with buttons? Listen and find out.

We do love buttons, and I think the pleasure and the temptation of buttons… this temptation, and everyone feels it, which is why buttons have to be very convenient.

Well, that's a relief!

ટૉમ તમે એકલાં નથી. He says, everyone feels temptation!

And that is why buttons need to be made convenient.

એટલે સગવડભર્યું. બીજો અર્થ થાય છે સુલભ. Like my local shops. When I need to get groceries very quickly, I go to the shop near my house. It's very convenient.

Very convenient.

પણ બટનોને અનુકૂળ રહેવાની જરૂર નથી. તેમને શું કરવાની જરૂર છે? હવે બીજા ભાગને સાંભળો.

…this temptation, and everyone feels it, which is why buttons have to be very convenient. On the other hand, they have to be kept away from children, so they've got to be put high up on the wall, and buttons that really matter have to be made quite hard to push – like put behind glass or something.

મિત્રો, વક્તા બે વસ્તુ કહે છે. પ્રથમ બટનોને બાળકોથી દુર રાખો. અંગ્રેજીમાં દુર રાખોને કહીશું kept away. એવું લાગે છે કે શાળામાં આ નિયમ વિશે સાંભળ્યું નથી. બરાબરને ટૉમ?

No, they didn't! And he also said that buttons that really matter have to be hard to push. What kind of button really matters?

Matter એટલે મહત્તા. પણ શું એક બટનનું મહત્તા હોય છે? ફાયર એલાર્મનું શું? એ ઘણાં વ્યક્તિઓનું જીવ બચાવી શકે છે. They really count and they are really significant. There, three ways to say the same thing!

, count and be significant. Very nice! Next, how does the speaker introduce a new idea? Listen again after the word ‘convenient’.

…which is why buttons have to be very convenient. On the other hand, they have to be kept away from children…

તે કહે છે on the other hand એટલે કે બીજી બાજુ. આનો ઉપયોગ વિપરીત દલીલ રજૂ કરવા માટે થાય છે. ખાસ કરીને જ્યારે દલીલ અંગ્રેજી શબ્દસમૂહ on the one handથી શરૂ થાય છે. On the one handએટલે એક બાજુ. On the one handપહેલી દલીલ છે અને on the other hand બીજી દલીલ છે.

Can you give us an example?

On the one hand pollution at Delhi is increasing and on the other hand people are continuously buying new vehicles.

But he still hasn't explained why we love buttons!

હવે છેલ્લી ક્લિપને સાંભળો. વક્તા જણાવી રહ્યાં છે કે શા માટે અમને બટન પસંદ છે.

You know what I think? I think it's down to the fidgeting instinct of very digital or manual creatures. I think we want to fidget with things and adjust them. I guess it's the grooming instinct in apes.

So, we love buttons because we love to fidget and adjust things?

Yes. We love to fidget and adjust things. Fidget નો અર્થ થાય છે સતત નાની હિલચાલ કરવી જેનાથી અન્ય લોકોને બેચેની થાય. Adjustએટલે બંધ બેસતું કરવું. I'm always fidgeting with my keys.

And this is down to, which means ‘because of’, the grooming instincts passed on to us from our ancestors the apes.

Instinct નો ગુજરાતીમાં અર્થ થાય છે જન્મજાતવૃત્તિ અને grooming એટલે લાલનપાલન કરવું But, basically, yes. Although that’s just his opinion….

Ah, yes! He introduced it with a question. Here it is one more time!

You know what I think? I think it's …

That's one way to introduce an opinion! You can answer your own question!

You know what I think? I think it's time to go.

And I think you're right! So we'll see you next time!

આજનાં ઍપિસોડમાં અમે શીખ્યાં resist, temptation, convenient, matter, count, significant, on the other hand, fidget, adjust, be down to and you know what I think? Thanks for joining us! Bye

Language features

on the one hand / on the other hand

These phrases are used to introduce or compare two conflicting points or arguments. They are particularly useful in formal debate or formal writing.

  • On the one hand tourism generates huge amounts of money for a particular country.
  • On the other hand the result of tourism is often ecological damage, which removes the reason tourists wish to visit in the first place.

In more informal circumstances, we can make our first point without saying on the one hand, but we use on the other hand to show contrast.

(On the one hand) Working in an open office can encourage collaboration. On the other hand there's much less privacy than many would like.

you know what I think? I think…

You know what I think is a way of introducing your opinion. When we ask this, we do not usually expect an answer, as it is not truly a question. It is a way of signalling that we are about to give our opinion and can be used in informal circumstances.

  • You know what I think? I think we should forget France and go to Italy for our holiday.

Other more formal expressions to introduce your opinion are:

In my opinion…
In my view…
As I see it …

  • In my opinion, we should invest in foreign markets.
  • In my view, taking legal action would be a bad idea.
  • As I see it, Tom is absolutely right.

be down to

We use be down to to explain a reason for something – like because. Be careful to change the 'be' verb to represent the correct tense and/or subject pronoun.

  • This terrible weather is down to global warming. Trust me.
  • The rise in crime was down to unemployment.
  • If you fail your exams, it will be down to too much TV!

Why do we love pressing buttons?

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
નીચેના સવાલોનો યોગ્ય જવાબ આપો.

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
આવાં જ બીજા રસપ્રદ ટૉપિક્ સાથે ફરીથી મળીશું Listen Here! માં, જ્યાં શીખશો સંવાદ માટે જરૂરી અને મહત્ત્વની ભાષા.

Session Vocabulary

  • resist
    પ્રતિકાર કરવો


    સગવડભર્યું, સુલભ

    વિષય, બાબત



    on the one hand…
    એક તરફ ...

    on the other hand…
    બીજી બાજુ…

    સતત નાની હિલચાલ જેનાથી અન્ય લોકો પરેશાન થાય

    બંધ બેસતું કરવું

    be down to
    કોઈની જવાબદારી અથવા નિર્ણય

    You know what I think?
    તમે જાણો છો હું શું વિચારું છું?