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Session 4

Can we control pain?

In today’s episode we will be discussing whether it’s possible to control physical pain.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Can we control pain?

우리가 통증을 조절할 수 있을까요? 오늘 에피소드에서는 신체적인 고통을 조절하는 것이 가능한지에 대해 논의 하겠습니다.

Can we control pain? In today’s episode we will be discussing whether it’s possible to control physical pain.

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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Seunghoon
여러분 안녕하세요. English Together 에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저희 프로그램에서는 한 가지 주제에 대해서 논의하고 그 주제와 관련된 영어 표현을 가르쳐 드리고 있습니다. 저는 채승훈 입니다. 오늘 저와 같이 하실 분들을 모셔보겠습니다.

Sam
Hi, I’m Sam.

Tom
And I’m Tom. Welcome to the programme!

Seunghoon
이번 주 에피소드에서는 새로운 연구 결과를 통해 우리의 뇌가 몸의 통증을 어떻게 관리하는지 알아보고 이야기 해보겠습니다. 그럼 먼저 뉴스를 듣기 전에 오늘의 퀴즈를 드리겠습니다. 사람은 어떤 뼈를 골절하는 게 제일 아플까요?
A) 다리
B) 목
C) 허리
그럼 답은 이따가 알려드리겠습니다.

Sam
Mmm, I’m going to guess the neck. That sounds really painful!

Tom
More painful than your back? I’m not sure about that!

Seunghoon
Sam, Tom, 우리 그럼 이 주제와 관련된 BBC Radio 4 뉴스를 들어볼게요.

News insert
Can we control the pain we feel? New research has shown how brain imaging is being used to help us understand pain, but also pain relief. The study included following a group of very young children taught to cope with pain in a karate class through a series of breathing exercises. The exercises helped the brain change the messages sent from the hurt part of the body so that the messages were either reduced or completely stopped. With fewer signals sent to the brain, the result was less pain.

Sam
Wow! Do you think it might be possible for us to control our physical pain, Tom? Wouldn’t it be incredible if we could?

Tom
Yeah, incredible is probably the right word. We’re not superheroes, you know. People can’t just control pain.

Sam
But in the story it talked about how children are learning to cope with pain during martial arts classes, like karate. “Cope” means to control, doesn’t it?

Seunghoon
Yes, something similar. ‘To cope with’ 의 뜻은 어떤 어려운 것을 잘 감당한다는 뜻입니다. 우리가 Tom 을 감당하는거랑 비슷하죠. Ha ha!

Sam
Aw! Don’t worry, Tom. You’re not that difficult to cope with, really.

Tom
Very funny.

Sam
No, but seriously. The story talks about how pictures of the brain are helping us understand pain and pain relief. I think that’s so cool.

Seunghoon
Pain relief 는 통증 완화 입니다. But that’s what painkillers are for, surely?

Tom
Exactly! What else is there to understand about pain relief? You take a pill and the pain hopefully goes away. I don’t need any pictures of the brain to help me understand that.

Sam
Ok, but what if there was an alternative to taking a pill? They say that too many painkillers are bad for your stomach, and they will eventually stop working.

Tom
Well, then you just take more tablets. I used to play football, I got injured all the time and I had to take painkillers, I couldn’t just push through.

Seunghoon
네 Push though 는 힘들어도 계속 해낸다는 뜻입니다. You played football, Tom?

Tom
Yes, thank you. I broke my ankle once, and it was far too painful to push through without any help.

Sam
Yeah, I remember that. Those were a fun few weeks…

Seunghoon
지금 뼈 골절 이야기가 나와서 오늘 퀴즈의 정답을 알려드릴게요. 사람은 어떤 뼈를 골절할 때 가장 아픔을 느낄까요 가 문제였는데요, 지금까지의 사례로 보아 사람은 (c) 허리 와 척추 골절을 했을때 제일 아파한다고 합니다.

Sam
Oh, my neighbour broke his back once, and he actually said that natural remedies really helped him.

Seunghoon
Remedies 는 해결책 즉 치료방안을 말합니다. Really? Did natural remedies really help with back pain?

Tom
Yeah, don’t tell me natural remedies helped! Next, you’re going to say that breathing helps with pain!

Sam
Actually, I am! That’s what they taught those children in their martial arts class - breathing exercises to help with pain!

Tom
How much pain can children really experience in an exercise class, anyway?

Seunghoon
아이들이 통증이 무엇인지 알까요?

Sam
Of course they do, guys! And research shows that breathing can really help.

Tom
Yeah, and so does magic…

Seunghoon
Ha ha 두분 다 그만하세요~
오늘의 주제는 통증이었습니다. 통증을 ‘to cope with’ 감당할때도 있지만 여러분들은 pain relief 통증을 어떻게 완화하나요? 자주 이용하는 remedies치료 방안이 있으신가요? 자 그럼 다음 이 시간 English Together 에서 다시 뵙겠습니다. Bye!

주어진 질문을 풀어보며 배운 내용을 확인 해 보세요.

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Can we control pain?

3 Questions

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다음 English Together 에피소드를 통해 실용적인 영어 표현을 배우고 영어 듣기도 연습하세요.

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.

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Session Vocabulary

  • to cope with
    감당하다

    pain relief
    통증 완화

    to push through
    힘들어도 계속 해내다

    a remedy
    치료방안

    incredible
    믿기 힘든

    painkillers
    진통제

    ankle
    발목