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Session 13

How to solve the problem of waste.
In today’s episode we will be discussing recycling and possible solutions to the problem of waste.

Rakkoo balfaa akkamiin akka furamu.
Kutaa har’aa keessatti waa’ee deebisanii homishatti jijjirruu fi rakkina balfaatiif furmaatawwan malan mari’anna.

Session 13 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

How to solve the problem of waste

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words mean:

  • a recycling bin
  • waste
  • rubbish


Which country recycles the most waste?
a. South Korea
b. Mexico
c. Germany

Listen to the discussion about how to solve the problem of waste and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Yooyyaa! Gara English Together Afaan Inglizii waliwajjin mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari’annuu fi qooqa dubbachuun si barbaachisu si qoodnutti baga nagana dhufte. Ani Caaliidha, akkasumas Saamii fi Fiil naa waliin jiru.

Hi, I’m Sam. Welcome to the programme!

And I’m Phil. Hello!

Har’a waa’ee balfaa dubbachuuf jirra. Biyyoonni addunyaa martinuu balfa ni qabu (balfa ni maddisiisu), haata’umalee hedduun isaanii kanneen maddisiisan keessa dhibbantaan tokko deebisanii tajaajila irra oolchuu danda’aniiru. Kan gaafii nutti uumu garuu: biyya kamtu irra caalaa balfaa deebisee omishatti jijjiira?
a. Kooriyaa Kibbaa
b. Meeksikoo
c. Jarman

Well, I’ve been to South Korea, and I noticed they had recycling bins everywhere.

For paper and plastic? So is that your answer, Phil?

Wait, we’ll give you the answer later in the programme! Amma, oddeessa BBCn waa’ee shamarree Paakistaan, haala adda ta’een ‘waste’ balfa fi ‘rubbish’ wantawwan gataman fayydamuun jecha ‘recycling’ deebisanii homishatti jijjirruu kan jedhuuf hiikaa haaraa laachaa jirtuu haa caqasnu.

News insert
A ten-year-old schoolgirl from Pakistan has been taking general rubbish and turning it into gift bags to help clean up the growing waste problem in her country. Pakistan generates 20m tonnes of rubbish a year and the figure is growing by 2.4% annually. Could Pakistan’s ‘youngest social entrepreneur’ have the answer? Zymal Umer estimates she has sold $5,000 worth of bags and donates her profits to children’s charities, winning multiple international awards for her work.

What a great story! This girl clearly has a real social conscience.

‘Social conscience’ miira itti gafatamummaa hawwasaa. Yes, and so young.

I know! It’s always nice to see young people who have a social conscience!

You and your social conscience, Sam! No, but it’s true - they can then be an example to other young people, too.

Exactly, often all you need is one person to implement change and others will do the same.

‘Implement change’ jechuun jijjiirama hojiirra oolchuu. Have either of you ever implemented any changes?

Like the girl in the story? No! But I’ve tried to implement small changes in my own life, like reusing plastic bags.

I do that, too. Waa’ee deebisanii omishatti jijjiiruu wayita dubbannu kana, mee gara gaafii battalee duranitti haadeebinu: biyya kamtu irra caalaa balfaa deebisee omishatti jijjiira?
a. Kooriyaa Kibbaa
b. Meeksikoo
c. Jarman
Akka istaatistiksii OECD’n eerameetti deebiinsaa: c. Jarmaniidha. Jarman balfa/ kosii ishii keessaa %65 irra deebistee omishatti jijjiirti; akkasumas Koriyaan Kibbaa %59n homishatti jijjiruun sadarkaa lammaffa irratti argamti.

We can all make a difference in small ways.

‘Make a difference’ jechuun jijjiirama fiduu. Yes, in small ways, like we were saying earlier, with our plastic bags.

Yeah, I often wish I could make a bigger difference than I do, though...

There’s your social conscience again, Sam!

But, really! I can often see where there’s a problem, but can’t come up with solutions.

‘Come up with solutions’ jechuun furmaatawwan fiduu. They described the schoolgirl in the story as a ‘social entrepreneur’ haawaasa keessatti nama hojii uumte for making gift bags from newspaper.

Exactly! She came up with such a creative solution to a big problem in her country.

You know, I was just thinking - I’d say that in our team, I’m the one who comes up with the most creative solutions.

You’re also the one who creates all the problems, Phil!


Oh no, maybe we need to implement some changes here!
Torban kanaaf nagaa otoo sitti hindhaamiin dura, waa’ee jechoota har’a hanga yoonaatti irratti dubbachaa ture haa’ilaallu - hundisaanii dhimmootaa fi furmaatawwan hawaasaa waliin walqabatu: ‘social conscience’ miira itti gafatamummaa hawaasaa, ‘implement changes’ jijjiirama hojiirra oolchuu, ‘make a difference’ jijjiirama fiduu, ‘come up with solutions’ furmaatawwaniin fiduu.
Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi. Barnoota dabalataa English Together torban ittaanu walitti deebina.

Meaning & Use

a social conscience (noun phrase)

If you have a social conscience you have 'a sense of responsibility or concern for the problems and injustices of society'. We use the verb 'to have'.
He has a very strong social conscience. He's done a lot of work with criminals and young offenders to help them reintegrate into society and find jobs.

The adjective social comes from the noun 'society' and, in this context, means 'relating to society or its organization'. 
She decided that to help solve the social issues and problems around her, she should become a police officer.

The noun conscience is 'a person's moral sense of right and wrong, usually a guide to their behaviour'.
If you're not sure what the right thing to do is, listen to your conscience.

to implement change (verb phrase)

To implement means 'to put something into effect' or 'to make something happen'. It is commonly used with the noun change but it can also be used with other nouns, such as 'a plan', 'a recommendation' or 'a suggestion'.
I plan to implement the doctor's recommendations immediately. I've been feeling unwell for too long.

The noun change can be used in different ways and can be countable or uncountable, depending on the context. If it is being used as an uncountable noun, it means 'the process by which things become different'.
Older people sometimes find it hard to accept change.

If it is being used as a countable noun, it means 'a situation in which something becomes different'.
There have been many changes in my grandparents' lifetime.

With to implement, you can use change as a countable or uncountable noun.
The new product isn't working! We need to implement some changes soon or we will lose customers!
Every new leader wants to implement change when they first come to power.


to make a difference (verb phrase)

To make a difference means 'to have an important effect on something, especially a good effect'. We often use it with the preposition 'to'.
The new software will make a big difference to the way we work.

to come up with solutions (verb phrase)

The phrasal verb to come up with means 'to think of something such as an idea or a plan'. 
I can't come up with anything better than we already have. Sorry!

A solution is a noun that means 'a way to solve a problem or deal with a bad situation'. It is often used with to come up with, but it can also be used with other verbs, such as 'to find' or 'to devise'.
The mayor has failed to come up with any solutions to the problem of homelessness in the city.

How to solve the problem of waste

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
Deebii sirrii ta’e fili.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Over to you!

What do you think about the growing problem of waste and rubbish? What would 'make a difference' in your country? Who do you think needs 'to come up with solutions' to this problem? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Barnoota English Together ittaanu kan dandeettii caqasuukee ittiin shaakaltuufi qooqa barbaachisoo barannutti walitti deebina.

Session Vocabulary

  • a social conscience
    miira itti gafatamummaa hawwasaa

    to implement change
    jijjiirama hojiirra oolchuu

    to make a difference
    jijjiirama fiduu

    to come up with solutions
    furmaatawwan fidu/argamsiisu

    a recycling bin
    qodaa balfa itti gatan (qodaa balfa deebisanii homishatti jijjirraman itti gatan)


    gatama (faayidaa dhabuun kan gatame)

    an entrepreneur
    nama hojii uume