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Session 3

Listen to the discussion about driver-less cars and technological innovation, whilst also explaining this week’s vocabulary topic!
Drive-less cars आणि  त्याचं तंत्रज्ञान याबद्दल जाणून घेऊ आजच्या भागात.  

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Robots on the road

हे ऐका. लोक नेहमीच एकमेकांशी सहमत असतात का?

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गेल्या वर्षी ‘driverless cars’ बद्दल बरीच चर्चा झाली होते. अने कंपन्या याबद्दल संशोधन करतायत. त्या चांगल्या कि वाईट याबद्दलही उलट सुलट चर्चा घडत आहेत. खरंच ‘driverless cars’ सुरक्षित आहेत का? बीबीसी च्या एका बातमीमध्ये म्हटलेलं की यावर आणखी काम करण्याची गरज आहे. सध्या त्यांची चाचणी करतात गाडीत एक ड्रायव्हर लक्ष ठेवण्यासाठी असतोच पण याबद्दल आणखी चाचण्या व्हायला हव्यात. मी तेजाली आणि हे आहे English together. जेम्स आणि जोर्जीनासोबत आपण याबद्दल चर्चा करणार आहोत. याबद्दल आपले विचार मांडताना त्यांनी कसे शब्द वापरलेत याकडे लक्ष द्या.

So personally I think driverless cars are a great thing!

Although I agree that they will be very useful, I have a lot of concerns about them too.

You said ‘although’ – that’s a word to contrast two different opinions, isn’t it?

Indeed! So what about you? Do you have any concerns about driverless cars?

Well yes, there are a lot of concerns that the technology is not ready to be put on the roads yet, but without road tests, they might never be ready!

Ahh, you said ‘but’ – that’s another contrast word! And yes, I suppose you’re right – they do need to be tested. Using computers to drive cars is good in theory – they should eliminate driver error.

Indeed – Stanford University in the USA claim that driver error accounts for as much 90% of traffic accidents.

That much? Wow – even though that seems very high, it’s not so surprising.

Another good linking word there! ‘Even though’.
Not only will driverless cars eliminate driver error, but they will also prevent other problems, such as drink-driving and accidents caused by people being tired.

While that is true, there are also a lot of fears about how good the machines will be at noticing and avoiding dangers.

Hmm, good point. Despite all the tests being done, machines break all the time, so they need to be perfect before they can be used on the road without safety drivers.

James आणि Georgina यांचे विचार एकमेकांच्या विरुद्ध आहेत, ‘contrast’ आहेत. हा contrast दाखवणारी क्रियाविशेषणं संभाषणात महत्त्वाची भूमिका बजावतात. अशा शब्दांमुळे विषय बदलतोय हे आपल्याला समजतं. ही क्रियाविशेषणं वाक्यं,परिच्छेद जोडायला मदत करतात, लिखाणात सुसंगती आणतात. चाला परत आपल्या चर्चेकडे वळू. तंत्रज्ञान आणि ते किती वेगाने बदलतंय याबद्दल ते बोलतायत.

So with all this talk of driverless cars, it has me wondering about the speed at which technology is developing generally.

Yes that’s very true – we are living in a golden age of technology. However, I do think in some ways it is misused.

Good connector! ‘However’!
And you’re right – technology is misused a lot. For example, people who get distracted by social media rather doing what they’re supposed to.

Not to mention the ways technology is used to commit crimes. And these crimes are difficult to detect and prevent because they are committed online, whereas in the past they had to be done in person, where it was much more likely that you would be caught.

Another useful contrast word there James, ‘whereas’.
Well in spite of these abuses of technology, it is also being used to improve the world around us. ‘In spite of’ is another contrast word to change the topic.

Just think of all the medical discoveries that have been made and how they have helped us live longer, healthier lives.

Or ways of producing clean, renewable energy, such as solar panels or wind turbines.

Nevertheless, it does seem that most technologies, despite the good intentions they were made with, are often misused.

That’s another good connector there- ‘nevertheless’. And yes, I’m afraid I agree. No matter the invention and the good reasons for which they were made, there is often a negative consequence that comes with them.

आजच्या भागात जेम्स आणि  जॉर्जिना driverless cars तिचे फायदे, तोटे, तंत्रज्ञाचा वापर चुकीच्या रितीने किंवा चुकीच्या कारणाचा वापर याबद्दल बोलत होते. त्यांनी काही contrasting connectors ही वापरले ज्यांचा वापर विषय बदलण्यासाठी किंवा तुलना करण्यासाठी होतो. आज इथेच थांबू. Thank you for joining us for this week’s English Together – join us again next week for more vocabulary lessons. Bye! 

Learn more! 

1)Contrasting Connectors
वेगवेगळी मतं मांडताना Contrasting Connectors वापरतात. ही क्रियाविषेशणं असतात. तुलना करताना, विषय बदलताना यांचा वापर होतो.    1) However‘However’ वाक्याच्या सुरूवातीला किंवा शेवटी येतं. 
e.g. I like carrots. However, I don’t like peas.
       I like carrots. I don’t like peas however.

2) But
‘But’ दोन वाक्यांच्या मध्ये येतं. दोन वाक्य जोडण्याचं काम हा शब्द करतो. बोलीभाषेत याचा वापर होतो पण लिहिताना सहसा होत नाही.   e.g. I like carrots, but I don’t like peas.

3) Despite/In spite of
‘Despite’/’In spite of’ वेगवेगळ्या प्रकारे वापरतात. -despite + noun
e.g. Despite the rain, we went to the park.

4) Although/ Though /Whereas
Although’/’Though’/’Whereas’ वाक्याच्या सुरूवातीला , मध्ये किंवा दोन वाक्य जोडताना वापरता येतं. e.g. Although I like carrots, I don’t like peas.
        I like carrots, though I don’t like peas.
       Whereas I don’t like carrots, I do like peas.

-despite + ing
e.g. Despite being rainy, we went to the park.
-despite + the fact that
e.g. Despite the fact that it was raining, we went to the park.

5) While
‘While’ वाक्याच्या सुरूवातीला येतं.  
e.g. While I like carrots, I don’t like peas.

Robots on the road

3 Questions

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Session Vocabulary

  • while
    अवधी, तर 

    ज्या अर्थी 




    असे असूनही 

    in spite of
    असे असूनही