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Session 54

Have you got a minute to spare? Phil explains 3 ways to pronounce '-ed' in this English In A Minute.

Activity 1

3 ways to pronounce '-ed'

Have you ever wanted to know different ways to say 'ed'? Find out with Phil in this English In A Minute.

Watch the video and complete the activity

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Phil

Did you know these two letters can be pronounced in three different ways?

They can be /d/, /t/ or /id/. Here's how to find out which.

First, feel your neck. If a sound makes it vibrate like /d/, then it's voiced. If it doesn't like /t/, then it isn't.

Where 'ed' comes after a vowel or a voiced consonant then pronounce it as /d/ - which is a voiced sound.

Played, used.

If you have 'ed' after an unvoiced sound then it sounds like /t/.

 

An unvoiced sound. Looked, helped.

If you have t or d then 'ed' becomes /id/ -it's just easier to say.

Wanted, needed.

 

So if 'ed' comes after a voiced sound, then it's voiced.

If it comes after an unvoiced sound, then it's unvoiced and if it comes after /t/ or /d/, then it's /id/.

3 ways to pronounce '-ed'

/d/

'ed' is pronounced /d/ when it comes after a voiced sound.

You can see if a sound is voiced by holding your throat and feeling for vibrations. For example, the letter 'v'.

  • used
  • paved

/t/ 

'ed' is pronounced /t/ when it comes after a unvoiced sound.

You can see if a sound is unvoiced by holding your throat and feeling that there are no vibrations. For example, the letter 'k'.

  • looked
  • fixed

/id/

'ed' is pronounced /id/ when it comes after the letters 'd' or 't' and makes a two syllable word.

  • wanted
  • needed

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