Unit 9: The big wedding
Present continuous and 'going to' for future
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Time to meet three happy couples who are planning the biggest day of their lives: their wedding day! And as we hear from them, we'll look at some different ways to talk about the future.
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Weddings are special days, to be remembered for many years. To take the perfect pictures, most people book a professional wedding photographer.
But do you know how to pronounce the words photographer and photograph? There's an interesting difference. Why? Because of 'word stress'.
Don't feel stressed by pronunciation; just listen to 6 Minute Vocabulary!
Listen to the audio
Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Catherine…
And I'm Finn. Catherine, look at this photo – do you like it? I took it this morning.
Wow, Finn. That's not bad. I didn't know you were into photography.
Well, I love taking photographs.
Really? Well funnily enough, the words photography and photograph are good examples of today's topic, which is word stress. We’re going to look at the way word stress can change in words that come from the same root word.
We'll show you how to work out the stress of these words...
There'll be a quiz...
And we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.
But first, let's listen to John. He's a photographer, which is a person who takes photographs as a job. He's talking about his latest project.
Here's a question to think about while you listen: what's John's project?
The book is a collection of photographs of my father. He studied geography as a young man and went all over the world during his career. He visited some very interesting geographic locations – the Andes, the Sahara – beautiful places. The book's like a photographic record of his life – a kind of a biography in pictures.
So, that's John. We asked you: what was his project?
And the answer is: a biography.
A biography is the story of someone's life – usually a book.
But, John's a photographer, so he told the story of his father's life in photographs. Let’s hear a clip.
INSERT 1 CLIP 1
He studied geography as a young man…
John's dad was interested in geography: the study of the physical features of the earth. And geography is a key word in today's show because of its stress.
Yes. Now, geography has four syllables, ge-o-gra-phy, and the stress falls on the third syllable from the end. Geography, not geography, geography or geography. It’s geography.
Words that end in the letters p-h-y - pronounced 'fee' - usually have this stress pattern. Like biography and photography. Do you like photography, Catherine?
To be honest, not really.
Not really? Sorry to hear that.
No, never mind. Anyway, these words – like geography, biography and photography - are all nouns. We can change them to adjectives, by changing the y at the end to i-c – pronounced 'ik'. And when we do this, the word stress moves to a different place in the word. Here's John again.
INSERT 1 CLIP 2
He studied geography as a young man […] He visited some very interesting geographic locations…
Did you hear the difference? When we say adjectives that end with i-c, the stress falls on the penultimate syllable, that's the syllable just before the last one. So it's geography, but geographic.
Geography, geographic. And we have photography, pho-to-graph-ic…
And there are other words like dramatic, to do with theatre and drama; alphabetic, to do with the alphabet, and artistic, to describe things to do with art. Finn, are you artistic?
Well, I like to think of myself as quite artistic, yes. And Catherine, what's the most interesting geographic location you've been to?
It's a lovely place in Turkey called Ölüdeniz.
You’re listening to BBC Learning English.
And we're talking about word stress. We've looked at the stress patterns of words that end with p-h-y, like photography.
And words ending with i-c, like photographic.
And now, it's time for a quiz. Choose the correct pronunciation for the words in these sentences. Catherine will tell you the answers. Ready? Number 1. I like reading books about famous people. I love a good a) biography, b) biography or c) biography?’
And it's b) biography.
Well done if you got that right. Number 2. 'The police arrested him when they found … a) photographic evidence, b) photographic evidence or c) photographic evidence.'
And the answer is - c) photographic evidence.
And that’s the end of the quiz.
And that almost brings us to the end of the programme.
But before we go, here's today’s top tip for learning vocabulary: if you use an online dictionary, you can usually hear an audio recording of a word’s pronunciation. Listen carefully to the word stress and try to copy it.
Top tip, Finn.
There's more about this at bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.
End of Session 1
That's the end of this session. We hope you enjoyed learning wedding vocabulary and meeting those three couples. In the next session we'll explore the grammar in more detail.
to ask someone to marry you
to get married
what happens on the day of your wedding
to be married
what you are after the wedding; having a wife or husband
to get engaged
to ask someone to marry you, and they say yes
to be engaged
what you are after asking someone to marry you, and before you get married
a place where something happens, usually an event
making or serving food, often for an event
official set of acts as part of a social or religious event
formal request to go to an event
special clothing worn in the water by divers and surfers
someone who takes photographs for their job
the woman who is getting married
the man who is getting married