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Session 17

Some people love to listen to sad music, while others find it incredibly depressing! Learn why people have different opinions about sad music with Listen Here!

కొంతమందికి ఏడుపు పాటలు వినడం చాలా ఇష్టం. మరి కొందరికి అలాంటి పాటలు వింటే చాలా విచారంగా, మనసుని కుంగదీసినట్టు ఉంటుంది. కొందరికి ఏడుపు పాటలు ఎందుకు నచ్చుతాయి? కొందరికి ఎందుకు నచ్చవు? కారణాలు తెలుసుకోవాలంటే ఇవాల్టి Listen Here! వినండి.

Session 17 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Why do people enjoy sad music?

Do you like songs that make you tear up? Well Listen Here! to understand why!
మీకు ఏడుపు పాటలు అంటే ఇష్టమా? కొందరికి ఏడిపించే పాటలు ఎందుకు నచ్చుతాయి? కారణాలు తెలుసుకోవాలంటే ఇవాల్టి Listen here! ప్రోగ్రాం వినండి.

Before you listen/Pre-listening

Consider the following questions:

  • What sort of music do you like?
  • Do you like sad songs? Why? Why not?
  • What types of instruments might you hear in sad songs?

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

హాయ్! బావున్నారా? Listen Here కార్యక్రమానికి స్వాగతం! ప్రామాణికమైన ఇంగ్లిష్ వార్తల కథనాల గురించి తెలుసుకోవాలనుకుంటున్నారా? అయితే ఈ కార్యక్రమం మీకోసమే! ఈ కథనాలను అర్థం చేసుకోవడానికి ఉపయోగపడే భాషను మీరిక్కడ నేర్చుకోవచ్చు. నేను సౌమ్య.

Welcome back everyone! Tom here!

And I'm James. Hi everyone!

James? What's the matter?   

I've just been listening to a new song. It's really beautiful, but it's quite sad!

Hmmm… it's interesting, how some people like sad songs while others don't.

Sad music
అంటే ఏడుపు పాటలు. ఒక యూనివర్సిటీ ప్రొఫెసర్ ఈ ఏడుపు పాటలు, శ్రోతల మీద ఎలాంటి ప్రభావాన్ని కలిగిస్తాయి అనే అంశం మీద రిసెర్చ్ చేస్తున్నారు. ఆయనేమంటున్నారో విందాం. 

One of the things that we were interested in is 'what's the difference between people who listen to sad m usic and who love it, and people who listen to sad music and who just can't stand it. In our research, it started pointing towards a hormone called prolactin. Now, prolactin, as you might guess from the name, is associated with 'lactation' from breast-feeding. When people cry, they also release prolactin. And, there are circumstances in which prolactin seems to have this comforting effect.

He said some people love sad music, but others can't stand it.

Can't stand
అంటే భరించలేకపోవడం. I can't stand songs of less lyrical quality.

Me neither – but I do enjoy sad s ongs. He said it was because of a hormone called prolactin.

అవును. శరీరంలో విడుదల అయ్యే prolactin అనే హార్మోను ఓదార్పును కలిగిస్తుందిట.

So, the comforting effect of sad music is because of the hormone called prolactin. And because of is our language point today.

ఇంగ్లిష్‌లో చాలా పదాల పక్కన prepositions చేర్చి రాయొచ్చు. ఇందాక జేమ్స్ 'because', 'of' ..ఈ రెండిటినీ కలిపి because of అన్నారు. ఈ రెండు ఎప్పుడూ పక్కపక్కనే వస్తాయి. దేనికైనా కారణాన్ని చెప్పడానికి becauseof వాడతాం. ఇలా prepositions  పక్కన చేర్చి వాడిన పదబంధాలు చాలా ఉంటాయి. ఇందాక ప్రొఫెసర్ మాటల్లో కూడా కొన్నొచ్చాయి. మళ్లీ జాగ్రత్తగా విని అవేమిటో గమనించండి.

One of the things that we were interested in is 'what's the difference between people who listen to sad music and who love it, and people who listen to sad music and who just can't stand it.

There were three examples – interested in, difference between and listen to.

Well done James!   

So if you're interested in learning English, keep listening to Listen Here and you'll learn the differences between your language and English!

That's right. Listen to part of the recording again – how does the professor say seems to.

There are circumstances in which prolactin seems to have this comforting effect.

Seems to
అంటే కనిపిస్తోంది/అనిపిస్తోంది అని అర్థం.

He said seems to– in fast connected speech, we pronounce 'to' as 'tuh'. 

That's right – practise the pronunciation with me.



‘Seems tuh’

Thank you James, but we seem to have gone off topic. This explains why some people like sad music, but it doesn't explain why some people don't.

ఇంతకీ ఈ పరిశోధనా ఫలితాలు సరైనవేనా? 

So the thought was that, perhaps what's going on is that the people who are enjoying listening to sad music are receiving some sort of excess of prolactin, and people who are listening to sad music and they just find it incredibly sad and unhelpful and they don't want to listen to it, maybe they're not getting enough prolactin when they listen to the music.

అదీ సంగతి. The professor is speculating – ఆయన ఫలితాలను ఊహిస్తున్నారు.  కచ్చితంగా ఇలాగే జరుగుతుంది అని చెప్పట్లేదు. So he is using vague language అంటే అస్పష్టమైన భాష. Can you give us some examples Tom?

Of course! We could say seems to. Some other examples are perhaps and maybe – all of these suggest possibility.

అంటే బహుశా. Maybe అంటే కాబోలు/అయ్యుండొచ్చు అని.

Another piece of vague language the professor uses is sort of.

Sort of అంటే కొంతవరకూ/ అలాంటి అని అర్థం. ఈ phrase ని నామవాచకం లేదా విశేషణానికి ముందు వాడొచ్చు. Sort of అన్నా quite అన్నా ఒకటే. ఇక్కడ quite అంటే చాలావరకూ/కొంతవరకూ అని అర్థం. 

So, back to our topic, sad music makes us sort of happy because of a hormone called prolactin – but it affects people differently, depending on how much they produce. That's why some people enjoy sad songs, while others don't. 

Interesting! ఈరోజొక కొత్త విషయం తెలిసింది కదా! సరే, కార్యక్రమం ముగించే ముందు ఇవాళ నేర్చుకున్న కొత్త పదాలను మరోసారి పరిశీలిద్దాం. Can't stand – భరించలేకపోవడం, seems to - కనిపిస్తోంది/అనిపిస్తోంది, maybe-కాబోలు/అయ్యుండొచ్చు, Perhaps – బహుశా, Sort of - కొంతవరకూ/అలాంటి. See you next week. Bye!

Language features


Quite often in English, there are words that always need a preposition after them in order to make sense.

  • They could be verbs, like listen to or depend on.
  • They could be adjectives, like fond of or disappointed in.
  • They could be nouns, like difference between or reason for.

Vague Language

When talking about things that we don't know much about, we often use vague language to describe these things. 

To talk about things which are possible but not certain, we can use words like maybe or perhaps.

  • Mark hasn't arrived yet – perhaps his train was delayed.

To say two things are similar but not the same, we can say sort of or kind of. We can use these with nouns or adjectives.

  • Have you seen my mug? It's a sort of blue – green colour.

To suggest something might be true, though you're not sure that it is, you can use 'seems' followed by an adjective, or 'seems to' followed by a verb phrase.

  • I think there's a problem with Rebecca – she seems sad.

A) Have you seen Andrew?
B) No! He seems to have left without saying goodbye!

Why do people enjoy sad music?

3 Questions

సరైన జవాబు ఎంచుకోండి.

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Join us for our next episode of Listen Here! when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Listen Here! కార్యక్రమంలో మమ్మల్ని మళ్లీ కలిసి మీకుపయోగపడే భాషను నేర్చుకోండి, మీ శ్రవణ కౌశలానికీ పదును పెట్టుకోండి.

Session Vocabulary

  • interested in
    ఆసక్తి ఉంది

    difference between
    ..మధ్య తేడా

    listen to

    pointing towards
    వేలు చూపుతున్నవైపు

    associated with
    సంబంధం కలిగిన

    can't stand

    because of




    seems to



    sort of