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Session 40

In today’s episode we are discussing unwanted phone calls and what we can do to avoid them.
ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ መዓልቲ ክፋል ብዛዕባ ዘይተደልየ ናይ ተለፎን ጽዊዒትን ከመይ ገርና ከም እንዉግዶን ክንዘራረብ ኢና።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Cold callers

In today’s episode we are discussing unwanted phone calls and what we can do to avoid them. 
ኣብ ናይ ሎሚ መዓልቲ ክፋል ብዛዕባ ዘይተደልየ ናይ ተለፎን ጽዊዒትን ከመይ ገርና ከም ነወግዶን ንዘራረብ ኣሎና።


How many unwanted texts and phone calls are sent each year in the UK?

a) 2 million
b) 20 million
c) 2 billion

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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ሰላም፡ እንቋዕ  ናብ መደብ English Together ብድሓን መጻእኩም። ኣብዚ መደብ’ዚ ብዛዕባ እዋናዊ ኣርእስቲ ክንመያየጥ ኢና። ብእኡ ኣቢልና ድማ ብዛዕብኡ ንምዝራብ ዘኽእል ቋንቋ ከነስንቐኩም ኢና። ኣነ ተኽልማርያም በኪት’የ። ምሳናውን ቶም ኣሎ።

Hello everyone! I'm Tom. Welcome to today's episode. 

Hi, I'm Kee, welcome to the programme!

So, guys, do you know what makes me really annoyed?

No, what?

Cold callers! They are so annoying!

Cold callers, you mean, people who call trying to sell you things? ተሌፎን እንዳደወሉ ንብረት ዝሸጡ ሰባት ማለት’ዩ።

Yeah! It's so annoying when you stop to answer a call and then realise it's a cold call! Do you have them in your country?

ኣብ ኤርትራ ተሌፎን ደዊሎም ንብረት ዝሸጡ ኣለውዶ? ናይ ሎሚ ሕቶና እምበኣር፡ ብመሰረት ሓበሬታ Aviva insurance፡ ኣብ ዓባይ ብሪጣንያ ክንደይ ዘየድሊ ጻውዒት ተሌፎንን ናይ ጽሑፍ መልእኽትን ኣብ ዓመት ይልኣኽ?

ሀ፡ 2 ሚልዮን

ለ፡ 20 ሚልዮን

ሐ፡ 2 ቢልዮን

መልሲ ጽንሕ ኢልና ክንነግረኩም ኢና።

I think most places have them! I'm always getting calls from people trying to scam me in one way or another!

Oh! 'To scam' ምትላል/ምጥፍፋእ ማለት’ዩ. Yes, there are a lot of scammers out there!

I always hang up on them.

'Hang up' ተለፎን ምዕጻው ማለት እዩ። ናይ ሎሚ ዛንታ ካብ ቢቢሲ 4 Money Box programme ዝተወሰደ ኢዩ። እቲ ኣቕራቢ ብዛዕባ ተሌፎን ደዊልካ ዝግበር መሸጣ ንብረት ይዛረብ ኣሎ።

The government has promised it will introduce a ban on cold-calling about pensions as quickly as possible. Since pension freedoms began nearly three years ago, the Pensions Administration Standards Association estimates a billion pounds of pension money could have been lost to thieves. But whatever the true figure, these scams typically begin with a cold call.

That's awful! Nuisance callers are annoying, but that report was criminal!

'Nuisance' ሞኽታ/መትከኽ ማለት እዩ። Yes, here in ኬንያ we have a lot of scams from nuisance callers.  

And they're defrauding older people, too! These people have worked all their lives to save that money!

'To defraud'  ምትላል ማለት እዩ። ገሊኦም ሰባት’ሲ ንሰብ ከታልሉ ኢዮም ዝውዕሉ። Perhaps we could stop these fraudsters by blocking their calls?

I'm not sure, that seems like a short-term approach to me.

'A short-term approach' ንሓጺር ግዜ ዝዓለመ ማለት እዩ። What do you mean?

Well, because, whilst it might address the problem of cold calls, it doesn't address the root of the problem!

'The root of the problem' መበገሲ ናይቲ ጸገም ማለት እዩ። So, you're saying the main problem is the cold callers, the people who are ringing?

Exactly! No cold callers, no cold calls!

What do you think a good long-term approach would be, then?

For me, it seems like we need stronger regulations put in place.

Yes. 'Stronger regulations' ሓያል ሕጊ ማለት እዩ። Stronger regulations could make cold-calling illegal!

But if they call from abroad,  what can we do here in England, or here in the UK? How can we regulate in different countries, with different laws? A British policeman couldn't go to India to stop cold-calling!

I agree, but I think regulators here need to do more, too! Sometimes it seems like companies don’t care about all these cold calls we're getting!

Let's stop to find out the answer to today's quiz. ናይታ ኣቐዲምና ዝሓተትናኩም ሕቶ መልሲ ሐ፡ 2 ቢልዮን ዘየድሊ ጻውዒት ተሌፎንን ናይ ጽሑፍ መልእኽትን ኣብ ዓመት ናብ ዓባይ ብሪጣንያ ይልኣኽ።

Goodness! That's so many!

Yeah, what a pain in the neck!

Do you have a pain in your neck?

No, if something is a pain in the neck, it means 'it's very annoying'.

So I could say 'cold callers are a pain the neck'.

Yeah! And nuisance calls! 

And regulations! What a pain in the neck, eh?!

ንስኹም’ከ! ዚህውኽን ዘይተደልየን ተሌፎን ካብ ንብረት ዝሻየጡ ሰባት ተቀቢልኩም’ዶ  ትፈልጡ? ይከልከል 'to scam' ዝብል ርእቶ’ዶ ወይ ተሪር ሕግታት 'stronger regulations' ይተገብር ትብሉ? ሎሚ ዝተማሃርናየን ቃላት እዘን ዝስዕባ እየን።  'a short term approach' ንሓጺር ግዜ ዝዓለመ፡ 'pain in the neck'  ማለት ድማ ዘይጥፍእ ሽግር ማለት እዩ።

ብተሳትፎኹም እናመስገና፡ ኣብ ዝስዕብ መደብ English Together የራኽበና።


-ed/-ing adjectives

Several adjectives used in today’s programme appear in two forms, either with –ed or –ing endings. There are differences between the two forms.

Adjectives ending –ed describe how people feel.

I am annoyed because I get a lot of phone calls!
He is tired because he went for a run this morning.

Adjectives ending –ing describes something which causes a feeling.

Nuisance phone calls are so annoying!
(They make us annoyed.)
Running in the morning is very tiring!
(It makes us tired.)

always + [verb] / [verb-ing] 

When we use different forms of a verb after ‘always’, it can change the meaning of what we say.

Always + [verb] is neutral. It describes an action that we do frequently.

I always hang up when I don’t know the number.
She always keeps her personal information a secret.

However, always + [verb+ing] is often used when we want to describe something in a negative manner. Often, we use this structure to describe things which are annoying.

People are always calling me late at night!
Why are you always talking on your phone during presentations?

stop + [verb-ing] /  [to + verb]

We use stop + [verb-ing] to say that an activity or event is no longer continuing.

I have stopped answering the phone to unknown numbers.
They have stopped going to the cinema since the prices increased

We use stop + [to+verb] to explain a reason for stopping.

I often stop to buy some food on the way home.
You should stop smoking to improve your health.

Cold callers

3 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ቅኑዕ መልሲ ምረጹ።

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Do you get a lot of cold calls which are a nuisance? Do you think there should be a blanket ban or stronger regulations? 

Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ኣብ ዝቕጽል መደብ Essential English ኣገደስቲ ናይ ኢንግሊዘኛ ዝርርብ ሒዝናልኩም ክንቀርብ ኢና’ሞ ብሰላም የራኽበና።

Session Vocabulary

  • cold callers
    ተለፎን ብምድዋል ዝሸጡ

    to scam

    hang up
    ምዕጻው ተልፎን



    a short-term approach
    ንሓጺር ዝዓለመ

    the root of the problem
    መበገሲ ሽግር

    stronger regulations
    ተሪር ሕግታት

    a pain in the neck
    ዘይጠፊእ ሽግር