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Session 53

우리의 직업이 꼭 천직이어야할까?

Should your job be your vocation?
우리의 직업이 꼭 천직이어야할까?

Today we are discussing whether it is a good thing for people to dedicate themselves to their jobs.
오늘은 자신이 하는 일에 대해 헌신하는 것이 좋은 것인지에 대해 논의해보도록 하겠습니다.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Should your job be your vocation?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • sacrifice
  • expectations
  • caring professions


How many extra unpaid hours do teachers in the UK work each week (According to British trade unions)?

a) 3.5 hours
b) 8.5 hours
c) 12.5 hours

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

안녕하세요? English Together에 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저희 프로그램에서는 최신 주제에 대해 얘기해보고 관련 표현을 알려드리고 있습니다. 저는 손보람입니다.

Hi, I’m Phil.

And I’m Tom, hello everyone!

오늘은 자신의 일에 대해 사람들이 어떻게 생각하는지에 대해 얘기해보겠습니다. 오늘은 선생님에 대한 이야기를 들어볼건데요. 먼저 오늘의 문제부터 내드릴게요. 영국노동조합에 따르면 영국의 교사들은 평균 몇시간을 무임금으로 매주 초과근무 하고 있을까요?

a)    3.5시간

b)    8.5.시간

c)    12.5 시간

자 정답은 무엇일까요?

Wow… did you know I used to be a teacher? I think it's high, I'm going to go for 12.5 hours.

I also used to be a teacher as well, Phil and teachers definitely work a lot. 12.5 hours seems like quite a lot though, especially if we're talking about every week. I'll go for 8.5 hours.

자 잠시 후에 정답을 알려드릴게요. 정답을 생각해볼 동안 시카고의 선생님으로 재직중인 LaShonda Carter 가 BBC World service의 Outside Source와 한 인터뷰를 들어보겠습니다.

News Insert
Miss Carter, when you went to the job fair, you didn't just pop by and take the baby for an hour or two. What happened?

Initially Larisha has just reached out and was like you know if you could just paypal me some money then I'll be good and you know, me and the baby, you know we'll just get on the bus and I was like, no y'all and I are not getting on public transportation, I told her I will come and get her and then gave her a ride to the job fair and I just sat in the car with the baby. This is what real educators do and we never get recognition, people don't know what we do for students, you know sometimes out of our own pockets, sometimes you know we don't have it and we make sacrifices because we love all of our students and we want them all to be successful. We don't get paid a lot for what we do and we don't do it for the pay, we do it out of the kindness of our hearts.

자 어떻게 생각하세요?

Wow, that's a pretty inspiring story – some people really do find their vocation.

Having a vocation 소명을 갖는다는 뜻인데요. 그 일을 천직으로 생각한다는 뜻이죠.

Yeah, I think teaching is one of those jobs where people see it as more of a vocation than as a job.

I think you're right, teachers often put themselves out for their students, but I've got a few questions about that.

'Put yourself out' 무언가를 위해 희생을 한다는 뜻입니다. You don't think Miss Carter should have put herself out for her student?

Don't get me wrong, that's an amazing story and she sounds like an amazing teacher – it's definitely a really heart-warming story. But I'm a little bit worried about the expectations that we put on people like teachers, nurses or doctors. At the end of the day, these are jobs and people need work-life balance.

'Work-life balance' 일과 삶의 균형..이라는 뜻이죠. Do you think these expectations can affect people's work-life balance?

Yes, I do – I wonder if it's putting too much pressure on people.

You might have a point, but if you work in a caring profession, it's natural to feel empathy for the people you work with – I can totally see why people put themselves out for others.

'Empathy' 공감..이라는 뜻입니다. Do you think people need to be empathetic to work in those jobs?

Yes, and I think we should just be happy that people like Miss Carter are out there – there's so much bad news around, let's just celebrate stories like this one.

네 오늘의 정답 알아볼게요. 영국 선생님들은 매주 무임금으로 몇시간을 초과근무 하는지가 문제였죠?

So maybe we should celebrate this story – but still be concerned about work-life balance.

You just can't just enjoy good news can you, Phil?

자, 이제 시간이 다되어가는데요. 오늘 배운 단어 정리해볼게요. 'Vocation' 소명, 'put yourself out' 희생하다, 'work-life balance' 일과 삶의 균형, 'empathy' 공감. 여기까지입니다. 오늘도 함께해주셔서 감사합니다. 다음주에도 English Together에서 함께해요.

Meaning & Use

vocation (noun)

A vocation is a job or role, which someone feels they are particularly suitable to do. They may also have a strong desire to carry out this work.

  • I love being a teacher I've found my vocation.
  • Many people who work as doctors are motivated because they feel that it is their vocation.
  • It often takes people some time after they leave school to find their true vocation.

put yourself out (verb)

To put yourself out for something or someone is to make sacrifices for something or someone.

  • Many teachers put themselves out for their students.
  • I don't mind putting myself out for my friends.
  • I study a lot, you have to put yourself out for your career if you want to be successful.

work-life balance (noun)

Work-life balance refers to how much time someone spends working in relation to their leisure time.

  • Having a good work-life balance is important to me, I never work at the weekends.
  • I'm earning good money in my new job, but I've lost my work-life balance I'm too tired to do anything else.
  • I'm worried about my work-life balance I just can't stop thinking about work.

empathy (noun) 

Having empathy means that someone can imagine how someone else feels and can share their feelings.

  • Nurses have to have empathy for their patients.
  • Managers who have empathy for their staff can be better at motivating them.
  • Empathy is an important quality for people working in the caring professions.

Should your job be your vocation?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
정답을 선택하세요.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Do you think that it is important that teachers put themselves out for their students. Do you think that they should try to maintain a work-life balance or do you think it is better to be devoted to your vocation?

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.

다음 English Together 에피소드를 통해서, 보다 실용적인 영어 표현을 배우고, 영어 듣기도 연습해 보세요.

저희 Facebook 그룹에 가입하셔서 매일 매일 영어 공부를 하세요!

Session Vocabulary

  • vocation 
    천직, 소명

    put yourself out

    work-life balance
    일과 삶의 균형




    caring profession
    사람을 돌보는 직업