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Session 43

Today we will be discussing the pros, cons and issues surrounding organic food.

이번 레슨에서는 유기농 식품의 장점과 단점에 대해 논의해보겠습니다.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Organic food or organic fad?

Today we will be discussing the pros, cons and issues surrounding organic food.
이번 레슨에서는 유기농 식품의 장점과 단점에 대해 논의해보겠습니다.


영국 유기농 시장의 가치는 얼마일까요?

a) 10억 파운드
b) 20억 파운드
c) 100억 파운드

Listen to find the answer!

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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안녕하세요? English Together 에 오신 것을 환영합니다. . 저희 프로그램에서는 최신 주제에 대해 얘기해보고 관련 표현을 알려드리고 있습니다. 저는 김기환 입니다. 오늘은 Tom과 Phil 함께 할게요.

Hi everybody, I’m Tom. Welcome once again to English Together!

And I’m Phil. Welcome!

오늘의 주제는 Organic food 유기농 식품입니다. Tom, Phil 제가 organic food 라고 하면 어떤 생각이 들어요?

I think ‘organic food’ refers to food which grown organically, or naturally, without the input of synthetic chemicals.    

네 synthetic chemicals는 합성 향료 라는 뜻 입니다.

I think it’s a bit of a fad.

A fad는 유행이라는 뜻 입니다. 그런데 trend도 유행이라는 뜻 인데, fad와 trend의 의미가 어떻게 다르죠?

A fad is a strong trend that doesn’t last very long. People forget about it very quickly, despite their initial interest.

아, 그럼 fad는 잠깐 인기 있는 trend라고 말할 수 있겠네요. 네 아무튼 영국의 유기농 시장은 빨리 성장하고 있는 것 같습니다. 그럼 오늘의 질문을 드릴게요. Soil Association에 따르면 영국 유기농의 시장가치는 얼마일까요?

  1. 10억 파운드
  2. 20억 파운드
  3. 100억 파운드

That’s a lot of money for a fad, Phil.

I mean, I think trends are market-driven anyway.

Market-driven은 시장이 이끈다는 뜻입니다. 좀 더 말해주실래요?

So, businesses will produce more of something, as they know that people will continue to buy it, regardless of whether it’s good or not.

But I do think that people have real concerns about things like animal welfare and the environment, don’t you?

Animal welfare는 동물보호 라는 뜻 입니다. 네 저도 걱정이 많이 되요.

That’s very nice, but synthetic chemicals allow us to grow more and they don’t affect nutrition!

Nutrition은 영양 이라는 뜻 입니다. 한국에 계신 분들도 영양에 대해 아주 신경을 많이 쓰는 걸로 알고 있어요.

Hmm. I think the jury’s out about whether organic food is actually any better for us nutritionally.

Jury's out은 사람들이 무언가에 대해 결정을 안 했다는 뜻 입니다.

I’m telling you that it isn’t any healthier! It’s just a faddy idea that people have that food suppliers are cashing in on!

Cash in on something은, 무엇으로부터 돈을 번다는 뜻 입니다. What do you think about that, Phil?

Well, let’s listen to the experts shall we? Here’s today’s clip from BBC Radio 4’s You and Yours.

Good idea! 자 이번에는 진행자가 유기농 식품에 관한 최신 연구에 대해 이야기를 합니다. 과연 이 연구에서 유기농 식품이 우리에게 이익이 있다고 하는 것인지 들어보세요.

In 2009 the Food Standards Agency commissioned a study. It concluded that there are no important differences in the nutritional content or any additional health benefits of organic when it's compared with conventionally-produced food.

Dr Allison Tedstone, their Chief Nutritionist, says the current evidence doesn't support the idea that organic food is any better for you.

Dr Tedstone
Of course, there are there are reasons why people might want to consume organic food and it's to do with farming practice, to do with consumer choice. But, as a nation, we really need to focus on improving our diet, and I wouldn’t particularly worry about the organic provenance of food.

네, 유기농은 benefits 유익한 점이 없다는 뜻 이네요.

You see, it’s all a fad! No wonder people are cashing in! Are you going to tell us how big the market is in the UK?

아 네 오늘 퀴즈의 정답은 B 입니다. 영국 유기농 시장의 가치는 22 억 파운드라고 합니다.

Exactly, that’s far too much money to spend on unnecessary organic products. It’s ridiculous! You know what, I’m leaving. And I’m going to eat a nice, normal, non-organic lunch!

네, 합성 향료가 Phil을 화나게 만들었을까요? 오늘도 청취해 주셔서 감사합니다. 그럼 다음 English Together에서 만날게요! Bye!

Meaning & Use


We use -driven as a suffix to indicate forces which strongly influence something.  It is always hyphenated in this form.

  • The old trains don’t use electric – they are steam-driven!
  • The trends in mobile phones are consumer-driven. Companies just give consumers what they want!


Synthetic describes products which are not made naturally. The products come from a process of chemical synthesis.
We often use this word to describe chemical production. The verb is to synthesise. 

  • After his car accident, doctors were able to provide Adam with a new, synthetic leg. He can walk again!
  • Don’t eat junk food! All the flavour has been synthesised by scientists! 


Nutrition refers to the process of gaining the necessary products from food which allow us to grow. These chemicals, often vitamins and minerals, are called nutrients. If something helps our body to grow well we can say that it is nutritious.

  • You should lots of vegetables! They are very nutritious.
  • Fresh food often has more nutrients in it than food which has been processed.

Organic food or organic fad?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

배운 것을 정리해보고 아래 질문에 대답해보세요.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.

다음 English Together 에피소드를 통해서, 보다 실용적인 영어 표현을 배우고, 영어 듣기도 연습해 보세요.

저희 Facebook 그룹에 가입하셔서 매일 매일 영어 공부를 하세요!

Session Vocabulary

  • organic food
    유기농 식품

    synthetic chemicals 
    합성 향료

    a fad

    시장이 이끄는

    animal welfare


    the jury’s out
    무언가에 대해 결정을 하지 않다

    to cash in 
    (on something)
    무엇으로부터 돈을 번다