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Session 37

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, the individual and the community.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Eat your leftovers!

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, the individual and the community.

이번 에피소드에서는 음식과 사람들 그리고 지역사회의 관계에 대해 논의헤 보겠습니다.


What percentage of the world’s food is lost or wasted each year?
a) 10%
b) 20%
c) 30%

Listen to find out the answer!

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

여러분 안녕하세요? English Together에서 오신 것을 환영합니다. 저희 프로그램에서는 최신 주제에 대해 얘기해보고 관련 표현을 알려드리고 있습니다. 저는 손보람 입니다. 오늘은 Tom과 Phil 함께 할게요.

Hi everybody, I’m Tom!

Hi! I’m Phil.

Uh, Phil, are you going to eat the rest of that sandwich?

Uh, no, you can have it if you want!

Great! Thanks!

그런데요. 사실 어떤 나라에서는 다른 사람이 먹다 남은 음식을 먹는 게 무례하다고 생각하기도 한대요.

Why? There’s nothing wrong with eating leftovers.

Why don’t you just buy your own sandwich!

Because, Phil, there’s perfectly good food here and you’re just going to waste it!

그럼 오늘의 문제 나갑니다. UN 식량농업기구에 따르면 연간 소비되지 않고 버려지는 음식물의 비율은 얼마나 될까요?

a) 10%
b) 20 %
c) 30 %

정답은 잠시 후에 알려드릴게요.

Wow! That’s a lot, whatever the answer!

Well, Phil, you were just about to throw away your leftover sandwich!

Throw away 버리다 라는 뜻입니다. Why throw it away when Tom could eat it? 사실 오늘 들어볼 BBC Radio Wales의 뉴스에서 Jason Mohammad가 지역단체 내에서 음식을 공유하고 재활용하는 새로운 스마트폰 어플에 대해 얘기하고 있는데요. 한 번 같이 들어볼까요?

Now a new smartphone app has launched in Cardiff which basically allows you to share any spare food. You take a picture of your unwanted grub, you upload it to the app and people then can decide if they want it or not. But would you eat a stranger's leftovers? Our reporter Llinos Pritchard has been asking some of Radio Wales' listeners in Bangor.

Would you yourself be prepared to share your leftover food with your neighbour?

Yeah definitely, if you know your neighbour, and you know where it's coming from.

So, you see Phil, you don’t need to throw away your leftovers!

Maybe. It just seems a bit unhygienic to me - eat somebody else’s leftovers.

Unhygienic 비위생적인 이라는 뜻이죠? 그런데 그 앱을 통해서 음식이 어디서 나왔는지 다 알 수 있다고 하지 않았나요?

Well, that doesn’t mean it’s hygienic! I don’t know how my neighbours cook, so how can I trust their hygiene?

Oh Phil! Don’t be so sensitive! My point is that food is a valuable resource that shouldn’t be wasted. I think we need to create a more sustainable way of eating.

맞아요. Sustainable 지속가능한 이라는 뜻이죠? 한국에서도 남은 음식물로 사료도 만들고 하지 않나요?

Well, I’m sure most people would agree that it’s unsustainable to produce more than we need. We do live in a throwaway society, though!

You know, I actually agree, Phil! And, a note for our listeners. The action, to throw away, can also be used as a describing word, and the describing word is pronounced ‘throwaway’. So the action is ‘to throw away’ and the describing word, ‘throwaway’.

Thanks Tom, throwaway는 한 번 쓰고 쉽게 버리는 물건들을 말할 때 사용하는 단어입니다. 쉽게 버려지는 음식을 재활용하는 방법을 찾으면 우리의 식생활을 지속하는데 확실히 도움이 될 것 같아요. Which is exactly what the app is trying to do, right?!

Exactly! Having extra food is something that we can capitalise on!

To capitalise on ~을 활용하다, 이용하다 라는 뜻인데요. 말이 나온 김에 오늘의 문제 정답 알려드릴게요. 연구에 따르면 세계 음식물의30%가 버려진다고 하네요.

Wow! Goodness! It is so wasteful to squander a resource like that. That is so much food!

Squander 낭비하다 라는 뜻인데요. 무엇이든 간에 낭비하는 사람을 보면 기분이 정말 좋지 않아요.

You know what else is annoying?


People pretending that they’re capitalising on extra food, when really, they are just too mean to buy their own sandwich!

Oh Phil! I already told you - it’s called sustainable eating! If you’re not going to eat the sandwich then I will eat it.

You’re unbelievable, Tom!

Tom과 Phil이 또 말다툼을 시작했네요. 여러분은 어떻게 생각하세요? 우리는 규모의 경제학에 따라 대량 생산되는 저렴한 음식으로 혜택을 보고 있을까요? 우리가 음식을 초과 생산하고 있으므로 재활용해야 한다고 생각하시나요? 오늘 우리가 배운 단어는throw away 버리다, squander 낭비하다, leftovers 남은 음식 등이었는데요. 여러분은 남은 음식을 어떻게 하는지 저희 페이스북 페이지에 와서 알려주세요.

오늘도 함께해주셔서 감사합니다. 다음주에 English Together에서 다시 만나요. Bye!

Learn more!

1. leftovers

Leftovers is a plural noun which describes uneaten food. Leftover is an adjective that can also describe uneaten food. These words come from the expression left over, which describes material that has not been used after the completion of an activity.

You need to eat your leftovers! You will be hungry later!
Look at all those leftover vegetables on your plate!There’s always a lot of food left over after Christmas dinner.

2. hygiene

Hygiene is a noun relating to conditions or practices that help us to create a clean and safe environment. The adjective is hygienic.

Let’s eat at the expensive restaurant – it probably has better hygiene than the cheap one!
I heard the cheap restaurant was unhygienic.
The expensive restaurant is the most hygienic choice.

3. throwaway

‘Throwaway’ is an adjective which means ‘disposable’. It often has negative connotations. The two component words, throw and away can be used together as a separable phrasal verb.

He has a very throwaway attitude to relationships. He never takes them seriously!
I threw away my old television when it broke.
Why didn’t you revise for the test? You’ve thrown it all away!


Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.

배운 것을 정리해보고 아래의 질문에 대답해보세요.

Eat your leftovers!

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.

올바른 답을 선택하세요.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

다음 English Together 에피소드를 통해서, 보다 실용적인 영어 표현을 배우고, 영어 듣기도 연습해 보세요.

Join us for our next episode of English Together, when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.

저희 Facebook 그룹에 가입하셔서 매일 매일 영어 공부를 하세요!

Session Vocabulary

  • leftovers
    남은 음식

    throw away

    smartphone app
    스마트폰 어플



    to capitalise on
    활용하다, 이용하다