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Session 38

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, the individual and the community.
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን በምግብ፣ በግለሰቦች እና በማህበረሰብ መካከል ያለውን ግንኙነት እናያለን።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Eat your leftovers!

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, individuals and the community.
በዛሬው ዝግጅታችን በምግብ፣ በግለሰቦች እና በማህበረሰብ መካከል ያለውን ግንኙነት እናያለን።


What percentage of the world’s food is lost or wasted each year?

a) 10%
b) 20%
c) 30%

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

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ሰላም! የተለያዩ ርእሰ ጉዳዮችን እያነሳን፣ እንዴት በእንግሊዘኛ እንደሚገለጹ ወደምንማርበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ምህረተስላሴ እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ደግሞ. . .

Hi! I’m Phil.

Um, so Phil, are you going to eat the rest of that sandwich?

Erm, no, you can have it if you want!

Great! Thanks!

You know, in a lot of places it would be considered impolite to eat someone else’s leftover food! ‘Leftover’ የተረፈ ምግብ ማለት ነው።

Why don’t you just buy your own sandwich?!

Because, Phil, there’s perfectly good food here and you’re just going to waste it!

ወደዛሬው ጥያቄ እናምራ እስኪ፤ የተባበሩት መንግስታት ድርጅት የምግብ እና ግብርና ክንፍ (ፋኦ) እንደሚለው ከዓለም የምግብ ምርት መካከል በየዓመቱ ምን ያህሉ ይጠፋል ወይንም ይባክናል?
ሀ) አስር በመቶ
ለ) ሃያ በመቶ
ሐ) ሰላሳ በመቶ
መልሱን በኋላ እንነግሮታለን!

Wow! That’s a lot!

Well, Phil, you were just about to throw away your leftover sandwich!

‘Throw away’ መጣል ማለት ነው። ዛሬ የምናዳምጠው ታሪክ የተገኘው ከቢቢሲ ሬዲዮ ዌልስ ነው። ጄሰን መሃመድ ስለ አዲስ የስልክ መተግበሪያ ‘smartphone app’ ያወራል። መተግበሪያው የአንድ ማህበሰረሰብ አባላት ምግብ እንዲካፈሉ ያስችላል። እናዳምጥ።

Now a new smartphone app has launched in Cardiff which basically allows you to share any spare food. You take a picture of your unwanted grub, you upload it to the app and people then can decide if they want it or not. But would you eat a stranger's leftovers? Our reporter Llinos Pritchard has been asking some of Radio Wales' listeners in Bangor.

Would you yourself be prepared to share your leftover food with your neighbour?

Yeah definitely, if you know your neighbour, and you know where it's coming from.

It just seems a bit unhygienic to me, eat somebody else’s leftovers.

‘Unhygienic’ ንፅህና የጎደለው ማለት ነው። But they said the app shows you who made the food.

Well, that doesn’t mean it’s hygienic! I don’t know how my neighbours cook, so how can I trust their hygiene?

Oh Phil! My point is that food is a valuable resource that shouldn’t be wasted. I think we need to create a more sustainable way of eating.

Right! ‘Sustainable’ ዘላቂ ማለት ነው

Well, I’m sure most people would agree that it’s unsustainable to produce more than we need. We do live in a throwaway society, though!

You know, I actually agree, Phil! And, a note for our listeners. The action, to ‘throw away’, can also be used as a describing word, and the describing word is pronounced ‘throwaway’. So the action is ‘to throw away’, and the describing word, ‘throwaway’.

Thanks, Tom! ‘Throwaway’ በቀላሉ ሊጣሉ የሚችሉ ነገሮችን የሚገልፅ ቃል ነው። Finding ways to recycle throwaway food can definitely help sustain our eating habits! Which is exactly what the app is trying to do, right?!

Exactly! Having extra food is something that we can capitalise on!

‘To capitalise on’ በአንድ ነገር ላይ መጠቀም ማለት ነው።
ስለሚጣል ምግብ ካነሳን አይቀር ዛሬው ጥያቄ መልስ እንስጥ። በጥናቱ መሰረት ከዓለማችን ምግብ ውስጥ ሰላሳ በመቶው ባክኖ ይጣላል።

Wow, goodness! It is so wasteful to squander a resource like that. That is so much food!

‘To squander’ ማበላሸት ወይም ማባከን ማለት ነው። It’s definitely annoying when people squander.

You know what else is annoying?


People pretending that they’re capitalising on extra food, when really, they are just too mean to buy their own sandwich!

Oh Phil!

ወይ ጉድ። ሌላ ሙግት! ምን ይመስልዎታል? መልሰን መጠቀም ያለብን ‘surplus’ ትርፍ ምግብ እየፈጠርን ነው? ዛሬ ከተማርናቸው ቃላት መካከል ‘leftovers’ የተረፈ፣ ማለት ነው። ‘throw away’ መጣል፣ ‘smartphone app’ የስልክ መተግበሪያ፣ ‘unhygienic’ ንፅህና የጎደለው፣ ‘sustainable’ ዘላቂ ፣ ‘to capitalise on’ በአንድ ነገር ላይ መጠቀም ፥ ‘squander’ ማባከን ማለት ነው።
Thanks for listening and see you next week for more English Together! Bye! 

Word Forms


Leftovers is a plural noun which describes uneaten food.
You need to eat your leftovers! You will be hungry later!

Leftover is an adjective that can also describe uneaten food.
Look at all those leftover vegetables on your plate!

These words come from the expression left over, which describes material that has not been used after the completion of an activity.
There’s always a lot of food left over after Christmas dinner.


is a noun relating to conditions or practices that help us to create a clean and safe environment.
Let’s eat at the expensive restaurant – it probably has better hygiene!

The adjective is hygienic.
I heard the cheap restaurant was unhygienicThe expensive restaurant is the most hygienic choice.


is an adjective which means ‘disposable’. It often has negative connotations.
He has a very throwaway attitude to relationships. He never takes them seriously!

The two component words, throw and away, can be used together as a separable phrasal verb.
I threw away my old television when it broke.
Why didn’t you revise for the test? You’ve thrown it all away!

Eat your leftovers!

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ

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Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer for the question. Tell us in our Facebook group!
ለጥያቄው ትክክለኛውን መልስ በመምረጥ ምን ያህል እንደተማሩ ይፈትሹ።

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለጾችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ ኢንግሊሽ ቱጌዘር ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።



Session Vocabulary

  • leftovers
    የተረፈ ወይም ተርፎ የተተወ.

    throw away

    smartphone app
    የስልክ መተግበሪያ

    ንፅህና የጎደለው


    to capitalise on
    በአንድ ነገር ላይ መጠቀም

    ማበላሸት ወይም ማባከን