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Session 27

Hypnotism – madness or medicine?
ሰመመን፥ እብደት ወይንስ ህክምና?

In today’s episode we will be discussing the possible advantages and disadvantages of hypnotism.
በዛሬው መሰናዶ ሰመመን ሊኖረው ስለሚችላቸው ጥቅሞች እና ጉዳቶች እንነጋገራለን።

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Hypnotism – madness or medicine?

Look at the Session Vocabulary – make sure you know what these words and phrases mean:

  • phobia
  • hypnotism
  • clowns


When was hypnotism first used by a European doctor?

a) in the 1700s
b) in the 1800s
c) in the 1900s

Listen to the discussion and find out the answer.

Listen to find the answers. Then check them on the transcript below.

Show transcript Hide transcript

ሰላም! ስለአንድ ጉዳይ ወደምንወያይበትና ስለጉዳዩ ለማውራት የሚያስፈልገውን ቋንቋ ወደምናቀርብበት የEnglish Together ዝግጅት እንኳን በደህና መጡ። ዘሩባቤል እባላለሁ። አብረውኝ ደግሞ. . .

Hi everyone, I’m Tom. Welcome to today’s episode of English Together.

And I’m Sian. Hi everyone!

Uhm, what’s that on your T-shirt, Sian?

Huh? Oh, this? It’s a clown.

Why would you wear a T-shirt of a clown? I don’t understand.

Are you ok, Tom?

Uhm. This is a little embarrassing… I actually have a fear of clowns.

Clowns ቀልደኛና አዝናኞች ናቸው። Actually, Tom, in today’s episode we are talking about something that might help you with your fear – ‘hypnotism’ ሰመመን ውስጥ ማስገባት። ሰመመን ውስጥ ማስገባት በሺህዎች ለሚቆጠሩ ዓመታት ግልጋሎት ላይ የዋለ ሲሆን ታሪኩ እስከጥንታዊት ግብፅ ድረስ የሚመዘዝ ነው። ይሁንና የመጀመሪያው ይፋዊ የሰመመን አጠቃቀም በህክምና ውስጥ የተመዘገበው ኦስትሪያ ውስጥ ነው። ይህ መቼ ይመስልዎታል?

ሀ) በ17ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን

ለ) በ18ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን

ሐ) በ19ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን

Interesting. I always thought that hypnotism was a new thing! Almost a trend or a fashion.

Me, too. But it sounds like we were wrong!

We’ll give you the answer later in the programme. አሁን የቢቢሲ ዎልድር ሰርቪስ ሰመመን ውስጥ ስለማስገባት ያቀረበውን ዘጋቢ ፊልም መደምደሚያ እንከታተልና ከዚያ በኋላ እንወያያለን።

Why would anyone allow a complete stranger to access their mind? When carried out in a safe environment with an experienced practitioner, hypnotism has some clear benefits: entertainment, pain relief, kicking habits and addressing phobias. But there are also significant risks to be aware of. My conclusion? Approach with caution.

Oh, now I see why you were saying that hypnotism might help me with my fear of clowns. They talked about it helping people to address their phobias.

Yes, exactly! ‘To address’ ጉዳዩን የተመለከተ እርምጃ መውሰድ ወይንም መላ ማለት ነው። ‘phobias’ከፍተኛ የሆነ ፍራቻ ማለት ነው። ችግሮችን ‘problems’ እና አሳሳቢ ጉዳዮችንም ‘issues’ መላ ማለት ‘address’ ይችላሉ። እና ደግሞ በርካታ ጥልቅ ፍራቻዎች ሊኖርዎት ይችላል። ለምሳሌ የሸረሪት፥ የእባብ ወይንም የከፍተኛ ቦታዎች።

Which are pretty common phobias! Not like a phobia of clowns, Tom… Would you consider hypnotism to help address your phobia?

Absolutely not! I don’t like the idea of a stranger in my mind. It’s just too scary!

I’m surprised, Tom. You’re usually open to new things.

Wait! Were we listening to the same clip? Didn’t you hear them talking about the significant risks?

‘Significant risks’ ከፍተኛ የሆኑ ሊከሰቱ የሚችሉ አደጋዎች ናቸው። ሊከሰቱ የሚችሉ እጅግ ከባድ አደጋዎች ‘serious risks’ ማለትም ይችላሉ፤ ወይንም ‘risky’ አደጋን ሊያስከስት የሚችል ነው ማለት ይችላሉ።

You’re just proving my point!

But you’re only focusing on the risks. There are also clear, tangible benefits.

‘Tangible’ ተጨባጭ ማለት ነው እናም ‘benefits’ ጠቀሜታዎች ማለት ነው። ቃሉ የrisks ተቃራኒ ነው። Are you speaking from experience, Sian?

Not from personal experience, no, but I have a friend who did hypnotism to help him quit smoking. And it worked! That’s an example of a tangible benefit.

Well, I have heard that it can help people to kick habits…but I’m still not convinced, I’m not sure.

‘To kick a habit’ ልማድን መተው ወይንም መስበር ማለት ነው።  Do you think hypnotism could help me kick the habit of drinking?

You’ll only know if you try!

I’d love it if I could stop drinking! I’ve been trying to quit for ages. I’d love it if I could stop drinking! I’ve been trying to quit for ages. ስለዕድሜ ካወራን አይቀር ቀደም ሲል ያነሳነውን ጥያቄ ምላሽ እንስጥዎት። ያስታውሱ፤ ጥያቄው አንድ ሐኪም ለመጀመሪያ ጊዜ የሰመመን አገልግሎትን  ለህክምና መጠቀም የጀመረው መቼ ነው የሚል ነው።

ሀ) በ17ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን

ለ) በ18ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን

ሐ) በ19ኛው ክፍለ ዘመን

See, Tom? Hypnotism has been around for years! So it must work!

There’s still absolutely no way!

It sounds like Tom is taking the advice from the documentary very seriously – ‘approach with caution’ በጥንቃቄ ይቅረቡት። የዚህ ሳምንት መሰናዷችንን አጠናቀን ከመሰናበታችን በፊት፥ ዛሬ ስንንነጋገርባቸው የቆየናቸውን ቃላት እንይ። ሁሉም ሰመመንን ለህክምና አገልግሎት ከማዋል ጋር የሚገናኙ ናቸው። to address a phobia’ ጥልቅ ፍራቻን መጋፈጥ ወይንም መላ መፈለግ ማለት ነው፤ to kick a habit ልማድን መተው ወይንም መስበር ማለት ነው፤ to have clear or tangible benefits’ ተጨባጭ ጠቀሜታዎችን መያዝ ማለት ነው’ to have significant or serious risks’ ከፍተኛ ወይንም ላቅ ያለ አደጋን ያዘለ ማለት ነው ሲሆን፤ to be risky’ አደጋ ያለው ማለት ነው።  አብራችሁን ስለቆያችሁ እናመሰግናለን፤ ለተጨማሪ English Together በሚቀጥለው ሳምንት ይጠብቁን።

Meaning & Use

to address a phobia (verb)

If you address a problem, you look for a solution. So addressing a phobia means looking for a solution for that phobia. 
I addressed my phobia of spiders by buying one as a pet.
He hired a therapist to help him address his phobia of crowded places!

to kick a habit (verb)

Kicking a habit means to stop something negative. A habit is a specific behaviour that becomes repeated and is difficult to stop.

She asked her doctor to help her kick her smoking habit.
He was determined to make his children kick their TV habit.

clear or tangible benefits (adjective phrases)

Clear benefits are positive consequences that can be easily seen. Tangible benefits are positive consequences that can be easily felt.
The tangible benefit of starting to exercise was the weight that he lost.
The clear benefit of saving more money at the end of every month was the holiday they could afford at the end of the year.

significant or serious risks (adjective phrases)

Significant or serious risks are things which are particularly dangerous.
If you do not drive carefully, there is a serious risk of an accident.
There is a significant risk of getting lost if you go to the desert alone.

Hypnotism – madness or medicine?

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
ትክክለኛውን መልስ ይምረጡ።

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Over to you!

Would you allow someone to hypnotise you? Do you think that there could be tangible benefits? Or do you think the risks are too significant? Tell us on our Facebook group.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
ተጨማሪ ጠቃሚ አገላለፆችን ለመማር እና የማዳመጥ ክህሎትዎን በመለማመድ ለማዳበር በቀጣዩ English Together ዝግጅታችን ይጠብቁን።

Session Vocabulary

  • to address a phobia
    ጥልቅ ፍራቻን መጋፈጥ

    to kick a habit
    ልማድን መተው

    to have clear or tangible benefits
    ግልፅ እና ተጨባጭ ጠቀሜታዎችን መያዝ

    to have significant or serious risks
    ከፍተኛ ወይንም ከባድ ጉዳት ሊያስከትል የሚችል

    ሰመመን ውስጥ ማስገባት

    a clown
    ቀላጅ፥ አስቂኝ

    to approach with caution
    በጥንቃቄ መቅረብ