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Session 38

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, individuals and the community.
Sagantaa har’aa keessatti walitti dhufeenya nyaata, namootaafi hawaasa gidduu jiru mari’achuuf jirra.

Session 38 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Eat your leftovers!

In today’s episode we will be discussing the relationship between food, individuals and the community.
Sagantaa har’aa keessatti walitti dhufeenya nyaata, namootaafi hawaasa gidduu jiru mari’achuuf jirra.


What percentage of the world’s food is lost or wasted each year?

a) 10%
b) 20%
c) 30%

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Yooyyaa! Gara English Together kan mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari’annuufi qooqa ittiin dubbachuuf si barbaachisu siif qoodnutti baga nagaan dhufte. Ani Caaliidha. Akkasumas Fiilfi Toom na waliin jiru.

Hi! I’m Phil.

Um, so Phil, are you going to eat the rest of that sandwich?

Erm, no, you can have it if you want!

Great! Thanks!

You know, in a lot of places it would be considered impolite to eat someone else’s leftover food! ‘Leftover’ jechuun hambaa jechuudha.

Why? There’s nothing wrong with eating leftovers.

Why don’t you just buy your own sandwich?

Because, Phil, there’s perfectly good food here and you’re just going to waste it!

Kunis gaafii har’aaf qophaa’etti nu geessa. Akkaataa dhaabbata qonnaafi nyaataa
Mootummoota Gamtoomanii, (FAO)tti, waggaatti omisha nyaataa addunyaa keessaa dhibbantaa meeqatu bada ykn gatamaa?
a) %10
b) %20
c) %30

Deebiisaa boodara siif kennina.

Wow! That’s a lot, whatever the answer!

Well, Phil, you were just about to throw away your leftover sandwich!

‘Throw away’ jechuun gatuudha. Why throw it away when Tom could eat it? Odeeffannoon har’aa Raadiyoo BBC Wales irraa argameedha. Jeesan Mohammad, waa’ee aappii ismaartfoonii haaraa (smartphone app).

Now a new smartphone app has launched in Cardiff which basically allows you to share any spare food. You take a picture of your unwanted grub, you upload it to the app and people then can decide if they want it or not. But would you eat a stranger's leftovers? Our reporter Llinos Pritchard has been asking some of Radio Wales' listeners in Bangor.

Would you yourself be prepared to share your leftover food with your neighbour?

Yeah definitely, if you know your neighbour, and you know where it's coming from.

So, you see Phil, you don’t need to throw away your leftovers!

Maybe. It just seems a bit unhygienic to me, to eat somebody else’s leftovers.

‘Unhygienic’ jechuun hanqina-qulqullina kan qabu. But they said that the app shows you who made the food.

Well, that doesn’t mean it’s hygienic! I don’t know how my neighbours cook, so how can I trust their hygiene?

Oh Phil! My point is that food is a valuable resource that shouldn’t be wasted. I think we need to create a more sustainable way of eating.

Right! ‘Sustainable’ jechuun waara’aa.

Well, I’m sure most people would agree that it’s unsustainable to produce more than we need. We do live in a throwaway society, though!

You know, I actually agree, Phil! And, a note for our listeners. The action, to throw away, can also be used as a describing word, and the describing word is pronounced ‘throwaway’. So the action is ‘to throw away’ and the describing word, ‘throwaway’.

Thanks Tom! ‘Throwaway’ jechuun jecha ibsituu kan waan akka laayyootti gatamu tokko ittiin ibsamiidha. Finding ways to recycle throwaway food can definitely help sustain our eating habits! Which is exactly what the app is trying to do, right?!

Exactly! Having extra food is something that we can capitalise on!

‘To capitalise’ jechuun xiyyeeffanna irratti kennuudha. Otuma waa’ee nyaata gatamu dubbannuu, deebiin gaafii har’aa kunooti. Akkaataa qo’annoon ibsutti, nyaata addunyaa keessaa %30ni ni gatama.

Wow, goodness! It’s so wasteful to squander a resource like that. That is so much food!

‘To squander’ jechuun qisaasuu ykn balleessuudha. It’s definitely annoying when people squander

You know what else is annoying?


People pretending that they’re capitalising on extra food, when really, they are just too mean to buy their own sandwich!

Oh Phil! I already told you, it’s called sustainable eating! If you’re not going to eat the sandwich, I’ll eat it.

Ati maal jettaa? Nyaata gatamu deebinifnee hojiirra oolchuun nyaata dabalata ‘surplus’ ni qabaanna jettaa? Jechoonni biroon har’a baranne; ‘leftovers’, hambaawwan, ‘throw away’, gatuu, ‘smartphone app’, aappii ismaartifoonii, ‘unhygienic’, hanqina-qulqullina, ‘sustainable’, waara’aa, ‘to capitalise on’, xiyyeeffannaa irratti gochuu and ‘squander’ qisaasuu ykn balleessuudha. Thanks for listening and see you next week for more English Together! Bye!


Word Forms

Several words in the programme appear in different forms.


Leftovers is a plural noun which describes uneaten food.
You need to eat your leftovers! You will be hungry later!

Leftover is an adjective that can also describe uneaten food.
Look at all those leftover vegetables on your plate!

These words come from the expression left over, which describes material that has not been used after the completion of an activity.
There’s always a lot of food left over after Christmas dinner.


Hygiene is a noun relating to conditions or practices that help us to create a clean and safe environment.
Let’s eat at the expensive restaurant – it probably has better hygiene!

The adjective is hygienic.
The expensive restaurant is the most hygienic choice. I heard the cheap restaurant was unhygienic.


Throwaway is an adjective which means ‘disposable’. It often has negative connotations.
He has a very throwaway attitude to relationships. He never takes them seriously!

The two component words, throw and away, can be used together as a separable phrasal verb.
I threw away my old television when it broke.
Why didn’t you revise for the test? You’ve thrown it all away!

Eat your leftovers!

4 Questions

Choose the correct answer.
Deebii sirrii ta’e fili.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

Check what you’ve learned by selecting the correct answer to the question. Tell us in our Facebook group!
Gaafichaaf deebii sirrii ta’e filuudhaan waan hanga ammaatti baratte mirkaneeffadhu.

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Engilish Together kan qooqa barbaachisoo keessatti barattuufi dandeettiiwaa caqasuukee ittiin shaakaltutti, sagantaa keenya ittaanuun walitti haadeebinu


Session Vocabulary

  • leftovers

    throw away

    smartphone app
    aappii ismaartifoonii



    to capitalise on
    xiyyeeffannaa irratti gochuu