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Session 37

The Fourth Industrial Revolution
Warraaqsa Industrii Afraffaa

In today’s episode we will be discussing how technology continues to change the way we live our lives.
Sagantaa har’aa keessatti, akkaataa teeknooliijiin, jireenya jiraannu jijjiiruu ittifuee jiru mari’achuuf jirra.

Session 37 score

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

In today's episode we will be discussing how technology continues to change the way we live our lives.
Sagantaa har’aa keessatti, akkaataa teeknooliijiin, jireenya jiraannu jijjiiruu ittifuee jiru mari’achuuf jirra.


In which country did the first Industrial Revolution begin?

1. The USA
2. Great Britain
3. France

Listen to the audio and take the quiz.

Show transcript Hide transcript

Yooyyaa! Gara English Together kan mata duree tibbanaa irratti mari'annuufi qooqa ittiin dubbachuun si barbaachisu siif qoodnutti baga nagaan dhufte. Ani Caaliidha. Akkasumas Saamiifi Toom naa waliin jiru.

Hi, I'm Sam.

And I’m Tom. Hello everybody! Welcome to today's programme.

So, I heard a new term on the news today: the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Either of you know what that is?

I think that it has something to do with the internet and other technological breakthroughs.

Yes, Tom. Kun waa'ee ‘technological breakthroughs' milkaaumsa tekinoolojii argame kan akka 'AI' arteefishaal intelligence ykn qaroomina nam-tolchee, '3D printing' ykn maxxansa 3D akkasumas 'self-driving cars' konkoolaattoota ofiin of-oofan.

Oh, so it’s about technological breakthroughs that will change the way we live our lives, basically.

Yes! I vaguely remember learning about the First Industrial Revolution when I was at school.

And that's actually what today's quiz question is about. Warraaqsa induustrii inni jalqabaa harkaan hojjechuurra  gara meeshaa hoomishaa kan harkatti qabatanii hanga faabirikaatti kan guddatte dhumoota bara 1700 keessa ture. Haa ta'u malee eessaa eegalee? 

a) Ameerikaa keessaa

b)  Inglizii keessaa

c)  Faransaay keessaa

Madda seenaa adda addaa waabbeeffachuun qophii kana keessatti bodarra deebi siif laanna.

Interesting that the First Industrial Revolution started in one place, because it sounds like the Fourth Industrial Revolution is happening everywhere!

Yes! Mee warraaqsa Induustrii Afuraffaa ykn Fourth Industrial Revolution ilaalchisee haasaa hayyuun tekinoolojii BBC World Service irratti dubbate haa caqasnu:

News Insert
A very important feature of, uhm, the Fourth Industrial Revolution is connectivity or connectedness, as you put it, eh. So anybody with a smartphone that basically allows them to be, uhm, online is really part of it. So we've seen recently, for example, what happens with social media, there's lots of data around every interaction that you're making on social media that's being collected and is being used to create a profile on you... so, really, whether we know it or not, very many of us are participating quite actively in the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Wow, so if anyone with a smartphone is part of the revolution, this really is a global phenomenon.

'A global phenomenon' jechuun haala adduunyaarratti ta’a jiru. Anyone with a smartphone or anyone with internet access!

And a social media account! They're all connected – I think one global phenomenon is helping the development of another.

It's a little scary, though, isn't it? There is one new wave of technological breakthroughs after another at the moment, but do we really know what consequences they're having?


'A new wave of something' jechuun haala haaraa ta’een baay’achuu waan tokkoo kan agarsiisuudha. Gaalee kana yeroo baay'ee sochii ykn deemsa haaraa ta'e waliin fayyadamna. Like social media!

Yeah, I know what you mean, Sam. I think it takes a long time for consequences to become clear when there's a new wave of technological products coming into the world. But, generally, I think the consequences are positive.

I don't know! Five years ago, I didn't have a smartphone. Now I can't imagine life without it.

Yeah, exactly! So these new products are shaping the way we live our lives, usually for the better!

'To shape the way we do something' akkaataa waan tokko itti hojjeennu qajeelchuuf. Like the First Industrial Revolution shaped the way we made products. Shall we give you the answer to the quiz? Gaafiin gaafatamee ture: Waarraaqsi industrii inni jalqabaa eessatti jalaqabamee? kan jedhu ture:

a) Ameerikaa keessaa

b) Inglizii kessaa

c) Faransaay keessaa

Deebiinsaa  b) Inglizii keessaa

So, the summary of today's programme is that technology is shaping the way we live our lives and we have no power to stop it.

But you do have some power, Sam, don't you? Do you want to stop it? I mean, you could stop using your smartphone, and social media, and the internet…

Ah, no, thank you!

I guess we're all part of the Fourth Industrial Revolution after all!

Torban kanaaf nagaa otoo sitti hindhaamiin dura, jechoota har’a irratti dubbachaa turre haa'ilaallu – hundisaanii jijjirama warraaqsaa ta’anii waliin hidhata kan qabaniidha: 'a technological breakthrough' milkaaumsa tekinoolojii argame, 'a global phenomenon', haala adduunyaarratti ta’a jiru, 'a new wave of something' haala haaraa ta’een baay’achu waan tokko, and 'to shape the way we do something' akkaataa waan tokko itti hojjeennu qajeelchuuf.

Turtii waliin qabaanneef galatoomi; barnoota dabalataa English Together n torban ittaanu walitti deebina.



Breakthrough describes something which helps to solve a long-standing problem. It is a noun. A breakthrough is often a new invention or a discovery.

The new drugs are a breakthrough in the fight against cancer.
The court case was making slow progress until we had a breakthrough with some new evidence!

Similarly, we can use break through as a phrasal verb. This is often used in the context of solving problems or overcoming difficulties. 

The other football team had a strong defence but we broke through in the end!


We use self- as a prefix to refer to something’s own characteristics and abilities. It is mostly used with nouns and adjectives.

Often, self- can imply that someone or something is capable of acting independently or without support.

I just bought a self-cleaning barbeque! My hands are going to stay clean!
The instructions are self-explanatory. You won’t need any help if you follow them.

new wave

New wave refers to a new group which is different to what has come before it. This could be people, things or ideas.

The new wave of mobile phones are amazing! They have so many new features!

We can also say ‘first wave’, ‘second wave’ and so on to refer to other groups that existed in the past.

The first wave of radios were very basic. Now, we have a new wave of digital radios!

Check what you've learned by selecting the correct answer for the question.
Gaafiidhaaf deebii sirrii ta’e filachuun waan baratte mirkaneeffadhu.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution

4 Questions

Put the words in the correct order.
Jechoota tartiiba sirrii ta’een tatteessi.

Congratulations you completed the Quiz
Excellent! Great job! Bad luck! You scored:
x / y

What do you think is the most important breakthrough in your country in the last 50 years? Tell us in our Facebook group!

Join us for our next episode of English Together when we will learn more useful language and practise your listening skills.
Engilish Together kan qooqa barbaachisoo keessatti barattuufi dandeettiikee waa caqasuu ittiin shaakaltutti, sagantaa keenya ittaanuun walitti haadeebinu

Session Vocabulary

  • a (technological) breakthrough
    Hulluuqa guddinaa (teeknooloojii)

    a global phenomenon
    taatee dhimma addunyaa

    a new wave of (something)
    Sochii/warraaqa haaraa (waantokkoo)

    to shape the way we do something
    Haala waantokko ittiin hojjannu bifa itti gochuu

    AI (artificial intelligence)
    Qaruxee/basaasa hoj-namee

    3D printing
    maxxansa 3D

    a self-driving car
    konkolaataa ofiin of-oofu

    connectivity or connectedness
    walqabsiisa ykn walittiqabsiifama

    to create a profile
    profaayilee/nam-ibsa uummachuu