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Session 9

Listen to Sam and James talk about the International Space Station. They will also talk about adjectives ending in –able.
आज आंतरराष्ट्रीय अवकाश स्थानकाबद्दल बोलू या. त्यासोबतच –ableने शेवट होणाऱ्या विशेषणांचा अभ्यास करू.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

International Space Station

Listen to the audio – what do adjectives ending in –able mean?
–ableने  शेवट होणाऱ्या विशेषणांचा अर्थ काय असतो?

Listen to the audio and complete the activity

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Tejali
नमस्कार मित्रांनो आपल्याला अवकाशाबद्दल आणि अवकाशवीरांबद्दल नेहमीच आकर्षण वाटतं. उंच आकाशातून, पृथ्वीच्या बाहेरून पृथ्वी कशी दिसत असेल, चंद्र कसा दिसत असेल याची आपल्याला नेहमी उत्सुकता असते आणि त्यामुळे या अवकाश वीरांचा हेवाही वाटतो. पण तुम्हाला माहितीये, हा प्रवास सामान्य माणसासाठीही उपलब्ध करून देण्याच्या हालचाली चालू आहेत. कदाचित लवकरच तुम्हालाही International Space Station वर प्रवासी म्हणून जाता येईल. आजच्या भागात आपण या प्रवासाबद्दल बोलणार आहोत. याबद्दल बोलताना आपण –able/-ibleने शेवट होणारे काही शब्द ही बघणार आहोत. सामान्यपणे शक्यता दर्शवण्यासाठी हे प्रत्यय इंग्रजीत वापरतात. हे आहे English Together – मी तेजाली आणि माझ्या सोबत आहे सॅम आणि जेम्स.
Sam
Well I don’t know about you James, but I would love to go to the space station – it would be an unforgettable experience! I would remember it forever!

James
Well, rather you than me – I’ll stay on the ground thanks! It sounds interesting flying into space, but there are a lot of concerns about the amount of time and money that is invested into research about space.

Sam
Hmm, I suppose that’s true – many people believe the amount of money invested in research about other planets is unsustainable.

James
I agree with this – we can’t keep spending all this money on space when there are problems closer to home that need to be solved.

Sam
Very true – there are many problems that need a more immediate solution, like making sure people have clean, drinkable water.  You know, water that’s safe for people to drink.

James
Another similar issue is food – before we can worry about what’s out there, we need to ensure that everyone has access to a sustainable source of food.

Sam
While I don’t disagree with any of these points, I do think research into space and other planets is profitable.

James
You mean that we can profit from space exploration and research, right? Well, I would agree with that – there’s much we can learn from studying space.

Sam
For sure – most of the technology we have nowadays has benefited from space travel and exploration. It’s very costly to transport heavy computer equipment out of the Earth’s atmosphere, so NASA, the American space agency, researched how to miniaturize equipment.

James
And that is how computers have gone from the size of a room to the size of a watch! I suppose the knowledge we gain from space research is transferable – it can be used to help solve problems here on Earth too.

Tejali
एक लक्षात आलं का? या चर्चेत सॅम आणि जेम्सने ‘able’ or ‘ible’ ने शेवट होणारी बरीच विशेषणं वापरली. जेव्हा शब्दाला हे प्रत्यय लागतात तेव्हा तो शब्द शक्यता दाखवतो. उदा. ‘drinkable’ म्हणजे पिण्याजोगे, पिण्यायोग्य. आता चर्चेकडे पुन्हा वळू. अवकाश पर्यटन, ‘excessive lifestyles’ म्हणजे विलासी, श्रीमंती राहणीमान याबद्दल यात गप्पा मारल्यात. चला ऐकू.  

Sam
So coming back the news story, people will be able to travel to the International Space Station, not only for research and scientific study, but also as tourists.

James
Well yes, but at $35,000 American dollars per day on the station, it’s not exactly affordable!

Sam
$35,000? That’s unbelievable! I can’t imagine having enough money to be able to go on a trip like that. Some people really do live excessive lifestyles!

James
Yes, like when celebrities take private jets or when a spoilt teenager gets a brand new car for their birthday. Some people struggle to earn a liveable wage – you know? Enough money to be able to survive.
Sam
True – a trip into space probably is a bit excessive, but I suppose if you are rich enough to do something like that, you’ve probably worked really hard to get there.

Tejali
आजच्या English Togetherच्या भागात सॅम आणि जेम्सने International Space Stationच्या ट्रीप बद्दल सांगितलं. त्यांनी–able  किंवा –ible चा वापर कसा होतो तेही सांगितलं. उदा. ‘unbelievable’, म्हणजे अविश्वसनीय, विश्वास ठेवता येत नाही असं.आज इथेच थांबू. पुन्हा भेटू English Together च्या पुढच्या भागात.

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Suffixes: -able
शब्दासोबत –able किंवा –ible चा वापर शक्यता दर्शवण्यासाठी करतात.
उदा. Drink पासून बनलं ‘drinkable’ म्हणजे पिण्यायोग्य. एक लक्षात ठेवा की शब्दाला हे प्रत्यय लावून नाम किंवा क्रियापदाचं विशेषण तयार होते. 

International Space Station

3 Questions

Choose the correct option.
योग्य पर्याय निवडा. 

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Session Vocabulary

  • Unforgettable 
    विस्मरणीय

    Unsustainable
    अशाश्वत, न टिकणारे  

    Drinkable
    पिण्याजोगे

    Sustainable
    शाश्वत

    Profitable
    फायदेशीर

    Transferable
    हस्तांतरणीय

    Affordable
    परवडणारे

    Unbelievable
    अविश्वसनीय

    Liveable
    रहिवास करण्यास योग्य