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Session 8

Listen to Roy and Sam talk about recycling and alternatives to plastic, while also using collocations that use the word ‘make’.
आज आपण प्लास्टीकसाठी असलेल्या पर्यायांचा विचार करणार आहोत. यासोबतच ‘make’ चा वापर केलेले काही collocations ही आपण ऐकणार आहोत.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Could Cactus Replace Plastic?

Listen to Roy and Sam talk about recycling and alternatives to plastic, while also using collocations that use the word ‘make’.
आज आपण प्लास्टीकसाठी असलेल्या पर्यायांचा विचार करणार आहोत. यासोबतच ‘make’ चा वापर केलेले काही collocations ही आपण ऐकणार आहोत.

Listen to the audio and complete the activity

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Tejali
Hi मित्रांनो, आज आपण प्लास्टीकसाठी असलेल्या पर्यायांचा विचार करणार आहोत. एका मेक्सिकन संशोधकाने म्हटलंय की एका विशिष्ट निवडुंगाच्या रसापासून, विघटन होणार प्लास्टिक तयार करता येईल. आज बोलू या वस्तूंचा पुनर्वापर आणि प्लास्टिकसाठीच्या काही पर्यायांबद्दल. यासोबतच ‘make’ चा वापर केलेले काही collocations ही आपण ऐकणार आहोत.  हे असे शब्दप्रयोग आहेत ज्यात मूळ शब्दासोबत आणखी एक शब्द वापरतात. यामुळे त्या शब्दाचा अर्थ आणखी स्पष्ट होतो. मी तेजाली, हे आहे English together आणि माझ्यासोबत आहे सॅम आणि रॉय.

Roy
Did you know that you can’t recycle black plastic? I had no idea until a friend told me yesterday. It didn’t really make sense until my friend explained it.

Sam
It didn’t make sense? You mean, you couldn’t understand it? Well, you can recycle it, but many recycling machines can’t ‘see’ black plastic. This is because the machine uses light to make sure it’s plastic, but black absorbs light. It thinks that it can’t be recycled because of this. It’s sad that some other types of plastic can’t be recycled.

Roy
True!  A researcher in Mexico made a breakthrough recently. They made a discovery of how to turn cacti into plastic. It’s biodegradable, which means when it breaks down, it doesn’t hurt the planet. You can even eat it, but I don’t imagine it tastes great! 

Sam
You can eat it?! You mean it’s edible?! That’s great if the cactus plastic ends up in the sea. If birds and fish eat it, it won’t hurt them.

Roy
Yes, and there’s already a lot of plastic in the oceans.  Recently, someone found a plastic bag on the floor of the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean.

Sam
There’s plastic at the bottom of the deepest natural place on the planet? That’s really sad! We need more alternatives to plastic to make changes to help the environment.

Tejali
या चर्चेदरम्यान make असलेले तीन collocations वापरले होते. यांचा वापर कसा करायचा हे शिकणं महत्त्वाचं  आहे, कारण त्यामुळे तुमच्या बोलण्यात सहजता येते. यात ‘make sure’, ‘make a breakthrough’ ‘make changes’ ‘make a discovery’ आणि ‘make sense’यांचा वापर झालाय. यात शब्दाच्या आधी make वापरलंय.   पुढच ऐकू.

Sam
It’s amazing that cacti can be turned into plastic, but there’s so many others ways plants and trees can be used. Wood, for example, is a good material for houses in countries that have a lot of earthquakes. It’s more resistant to earthquakes than concrete or metal.

Roy
Wood is also renewable, which means we can use it again. Plants can be used to make fuel for cars. This is an alternative to petrol. Brazil is one of the largest producers of biofuel in the world. It’s much better than petrol and makes progress towards a better world.

Sam
Plants can also be used to make products that protect other plants from insects. This is a natural way for farmers to protect their land. It’s not as dangerous as man-made chemicals and makes our lives better.

Roy
The most obvious things are the chairs and tables made of wood in our house, and so much of the food we eat.  Plants are an important source of vitamins, which the body needs. The body cannot make these vitamins on its own.

Sam

The clothes you wear could be made from plants, so they help to keep you warm. Things like t-shirts are made from cotton.

Roy  
There are so many uses for plants and trees. They even make your houses look nicer with flowers and all those lovely green leaves. They really make a difference to our lives.

Tejali
Well, आज इथेच थांबू. आज आपण make वापरून तयार केलेल्या collocations बद्दल शिकलो. नंतर आपण  ‘make progress’म्हणजे प्रगती करणे, ‘make something better’म्हणजे आणखी उत्तम करणे आणि  ‘make a difference’म्हणजे बदल घडवून आणणे. आज इथेच थांबू, पुन्हा भेटू पुढच्या भागात. 

Learn more!

Collocation with ‘make’.

Collocation च्या वापरामुळे आपल्या भाषेत सहजता येते. या भागात आपण ‘make’ वापरलेले काही Collocation ऐकणार आहोत.

Make sense

समजणे या अर्थाने make sense वापरतात.

e.g. I couldn’t read the book. The plot was ridiculous and didn’t make sense

My friend’s opinion made sense. He was right.

Make sure

make sure म्हणजे खात्री करून घेणे.
e.g. When I leave the house, I like to make sure I’ve locked the door.

I’ll make sure she received the email. I’ll call her.

Make a breakthrough

make a breakthrough म्हणजे महत्त्वपूर्ण संशोधन किंवा घटना

The company made a breakthrough in the fight against the disease when they discovered a new medicine.

The country is hoping to make a breakthrough in the negotiations. 

Make a discovery

make a discoveryम्हणजे शोध लावणे.

e.g. He made a discovery that his friend likes Chocolate

They made a discovery of how toturn cacti into plastic. 

Make changes

Make changes म्हणजे बदल घडवून आणणे.

We need more alternatives to plastic to make changes to help the environment.

 My boss made changes to my work hours. Now I get longer with my son.

Make progress

म्हणजे प्रगती करणे.

e.g. Using wood really makes progress towards a better world.

I’ve made no progress in my course. I think I am going to fail.

Makes Something better

make something better म्हणजे सुधारणा करणे, आणखी उत्तम करणे.

Plants make our lives better. I feel happier when I see them.

The medicine really made my headache better. Now I feel fine.

Make a difference

बदल घडवून आणणे

Saving money really made a difference. Now I can go on holiday more.

Flowers really make a difference to our lives.

 

 

Could Cactus replace Plastic?

3 Questions

Choose the correct option.
योग्य पर्याय निवडा.

 

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Session Vocabulary

  • make sense
    समजणे

    make sure
    खात्री करून घेणे

    make a breakthrough
    महत्त्वाचा शोध लागणे

    make a discovery
    शोध लावणे

    make changes
    बदल घडवणे

    make progress
    प्रगती करणे

     makes something better
    उत्तम करणे

    make a difference
    फरक घडवून आणणे