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Session 6

Listen to Tejali, Roy and Georgina talk about how dogs may be able to smell cancer, and how to use animal metaphors.

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Can dogs smell cancer?

आज आपण ‘animal metaphors’ म्हणजे प्राण्यांच्या संदर्भातील रूपकंही बघणार आहोत.

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नमस्कार मित्रांनो, आज आपण बोलणार आहोत कुत्र्यांबद्दल.  एका अभ्यासात असं दिसून आलंय की कुत्रे विशिष्ट प्रकारचा कॅन्सर शोधून काढण्यास सक्षम आहेत. त्या कुत्र्यांना कॅन्सरशी संबंधित गंध ओळखण्याचं काही खास प्रकारचे प्रशिक्षण दिलेलं असतं. मी तेजाली हे आहे English Together! माझ्यासोबत आहे जॉर्जिना आणि रॉय. आज आपण ‘animal metaphors’ म्हणजे प्राण्यांच्या संदर्भातील रूपकंही बघणार आहोत. Georgina and Roy will discuss the importance of dogs to humans.


Did you know that your dog could save your life?

Yes! I’ve heard stories of dogs saving children from swimming pools and finding people who are lost in the mountains. Maybe that’s why they call them man’s best friend.

That’s right, but it’s not just that. There are dogs which some scientists believe can actually detect bowel cancer in people after special training.

That’s amazing. Dogs have so many uses, and it’s not just a friend to keep you company at home. They have amazing noses, which is why they’re so good at finding things.

They can be used to smell drugs and bombs in places like airports to keep us safe. They can avoid red herrings. That doesn’t mean people carry fish in their luggage.

I know - a red herring is a metaphor for distractions. Dogs also work as emotional support animals for people who suffer from anxiety and depression, if you get a letter from a qualified health professional.

Anxiety म्हणजे चिंता. Depression म्हणजे नैराश्य.

I get very stressed, because my house is a zoo.

Great metaphor! Of course, your house isn’t actually a zoo, but you compared it to the craziness of a zoo. Is that why you’re always tired in the day, because of a noisy house?

No, it’s because I’m a night owl. But before you ask, I’m not an actual owl, but I metaphorically compared myself with an owl, because they are birds that stay up at night.

या चर्चेत Georgina आणि Roy ने तीन animal metaphors वापरलेत.
 ‘A red herring’ याचा अर्थ आहे दिशाभूल करणारे. दुसरा आहे ‘A night owl’ म्हणजे उशिरापर्यंत जागरण करणारे, Owl म्हणजे घुबड. घुबडं रात्रीची बाहेर पडतात. रात्री जागणाऱ्यांना आपण म्हणतो ना काय घुबडासारखा जागतोस ‘my house is a zoo’ म्हणजे खूप गोंधळाची जागा, लहानपणी बाई शाळेत ओरडायच्या आठवतंय? हा काय  मच्छीबाजार आहे का? तर हे होते काही animal metaphors. Metaphor म्हणजे रूपक अलंकार. दोन वस्तूंमधील समान गुणधर्म दाखवताना रूपक अलंकार वापरतात. यासाठी वाक्यात ‘like’ किंवा ‘as’ चा वापर होतो.आता परत आपल्या चर्चेकडे परत वळू. ऐकू या.   

Dogs are fantastic, but there are so many other animals that have helped humans.

Correct. We focus on the more intelligent animals like dolphins, who can detect sea mines, those big bombs that destroy ships. However, people have used animals to build cities for many years.

Yes, cows, for example - they give us milk to make cheese, leather for shoes from their skin, and meat. Sheep also give us meat, but they mainly give us wool for clothes. To help you move these animals, you need man’s best friend: the dog.

Dogs really are busy beavers. They are always busy. Dogs love to run around, which is why you need to walk them a lot.

I’d never get a dog, I’m too scared of them.

You need to stop being chicken. Don’t be scared. It depends on how the dog is trained.

Animals were so important for the building of cities. There were not many early major cities on the North and South American continents, because most animals like cows, pigs, goats, and sheep were not from there.

Wait! I’ve seen cows in North and South America. Countries like Brazil and Argentina are famous for their beef.

The first cows, sheep and pigs were taken there by European explorers to help make life in the Americas easier and more like home.

I didn’t know that! I’d research it on the internet, but my phone is a dinosaur.

You mean it’s very old, not an actual dinosaur. Great metaphor.

Well, आजचा भाग संपवायची वेळ आली. आज आपण प्राण्याचा उल्लेख असलेली metaphors म्हणजे रूपकं पाहिली.   जसं की ‘busy beaver’, म्हणजे खूप व्यग्र माणूस, chicken, म्हणजे घाबरलेला माणूस, आणि a dinosaur, म्हणजे खूप जुनं , पुरातन. आज इथेच थांबू, पुन्हा भेटू English Together च्या पुढच्या भागात. Bye, Bye!

Learn more! 

Animal metaphors

Metaphor म्हणजे रूपक अलंकार. दोन वस्तूंमधील समान गुणधर्म दाखवताना रूपक अलंकार वापरतात.

a red herring
याचा अर्थ आहे दिशाभूल करणारे. 

e.g. I though we had found the buried treasure, but the map was a red herring.

The video game’s story was full of red herrings.

a night owl
A night owl म्हणजे उशिरापर्यंत जागरण करणारे.
e.g. I can never sleep. My wife is a night owl and she always makes noise at night. 

I prefer to study at night. I’m a night owl.

‘somewhere’ is a zoo
खूप गोंधळाची जागा

e.g. My house is so noisy. It’s a zoo.

I had to leave my last job. It was so stressful. The office was a zoo.

Busy beaver
a busy beaver खूप व्यग्र माणूस

e.g. My husband is always working and doing things. He’s a busy beaver.

To be chicken
जो चटकन घाबरतो , घाबरट 

eg. my friend gets so scared of thunder. He’s chicken. 

A dinosaur
जुनाट, पुरातन, जुन्या पद्धतीचं किंवा विचारांचं 
ad is a dinosaur. He never understands new technology.

Can dogs smell cancer?

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Session Vocabulary

  • a red herring
    दिशाभूल करणारे 

    a night owl
    रात्री जगणारा 

    a zoo
    गोंधळ असलेली जागा 

    a busy beaver
    कामात व्यग्र असलेली व्यक्ती 

    to be chicken

    a coward

    a dinosaur
    जुनाट, पुरातन