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Session 4

Listen to Roy and Georgina talk about how our environment can cause or prevent stress and how to use vague language
चांगल्या वातावरणामुळे  तणाव कमी होण्यास मदत होते का? जाणून घेऊ. 

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    Activity 1

Activity 1

Can our environment cause us stress?

हे ऐका. ढोबळमानाने बोलताना कुठले शब्द वापरतात?

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नमस्कार मित्रांनो, Welcome to English Together!  मी तेजाली, आज  Georgina आणि Roy  वातावरणाचा आपल्या मनावर, भावनांवर काय परिणाम होतो याबद्दल बोलत आहेत. बीबीसीच्या वेबसाईटवरील एका लेखात स्कॉटलंडमधल्या एका नव्या शाळेबद्दल सांगितलंय. भरपूर मोकळी जागा, रंगीत आणि कल्पक रचना आणि मुबलक नैसर्गिक प्रकाश ही या शाळेची वैशिष्ट्य आहेत. इथले विद्यार्थी आणि शिक्षकांतील जास्त आनंदी आणि प्रेरित आहेत.

आवाजांचा, रंगांचा काय परिणाम होतो आणि आपल्या आजूबाजूच्या वातावरणाचे आपल्या मनावर कसे परिणाम होतात याबद्दल Georgina आणि Roy काय बोलतायत ते ऐका. थोडं ढोबळ मतं मांडण्यासाठी त्यांनी काही विशिष्ट शब्द वापरलेत त्याकडेही लक्ष द्या.  जसं की big ऐवजी biggish वापरलंय. म्हणजे मोठं आहे पण खूप मोठं नाही. आपल्याला एखाद्या गोष्टीबद्दल नीट माहिती नसेल तर असे शब्द वापरता येतात. चला ऐकू.

What was your school like? Mine was horrible. Grey walls with no natural light. I was always stressed.

Mine was amazing. Lots of space, light and colour. Some of the walls were like that T-shirt you’re wearing.  It’s very…yellow.

Actually, it’s lemon, not yellow.

Well, it’s yellowish. It’s sort of yellow, but not exactly. It’s very bright.

I know! Apparently, colours can affect the way you feel about the world. For example, some people believe that red causes excitement and blue is relaxing.

Which is why all hospitals are blue, green or white. People think these are relaxing colours.

So you know all the hospitals in the world? Come on! You need to be less exact.

You’re right! More or less every hospital I’ve been to has had blue, green or white walls. I said more or less.

Designers think about colours a lot when creating a space. Yellow and blue are commonly used for schools as it calms and helps people to focus.

It’s not just the colour, but the look of the building that can change our moods. Biggish, open spaces that let in a lot of natural light tend to make us feel more comfortable.

While small, darker spaces can be sort of depressing and stressful. Some people believe you shouldn’t wear grey at work as it reduces focus. Maybe you should try wearing a yellow T-shirt Georgina.

Great! रंगांचा आपल्या भावनांवर कसा परिणाम होतो ते ऐकलं आपण. यात भाषेच्या दृष्टीने तीन महत्त्वाचे मुद्दे आहेत : –ish, More or less आणि sort of. वाक्याचा शेवट विशेषणाने होत असेल तर ish वापरता येतं. More or less आणि sort ofत्या विशिष्ट शब्दाच्या आधी येतं. चला पुढचं ऐकू.

It’s not just colours that can affect our moods, but also the world we live in is kind of full of noise and images.

There’s nothing more stressful than noisy cars in the morning when you’re trying to work.

Exactly. Annoying sounds that invade our lives are often called noise pollution. These sounds can actually increase stress levels. It’s sort of dangerous to live with noise.

A noisy home can also increase stress in both adults and children.  A loud TV in the background might be a kind of problem.

But noise is more or less everywhere.  How can we get away from it?

Some people believe that listening to sounds like bird song and that kind of thing can calm you and even increase productivity at work. A children’s hospital in the UK has used bird song to relax people in the corridors.

A bank in Colombia used bird noises and noticed an increase in customer approval and new customers and that kind of thing.

That’s amazing! I know that when people play heartbeat noises it can calm a baby as it kind of makes them feel like they’re back in the mother’s womb.

So maybe we should be as conscious of the noise we make as we are of the colours we wear.

आज आपण ढोबळमानाने माहिती देताना वापरायचे बरेच शब्द ऐकले. जसं की kind of  आणि  sort of,  जे क्रियापदाच्या आधी येत. विशेषणाच्या आधीही ‘to be’ सोबत याचा वापर करता येतो. आपण that kind of thing चा वापर त्या शब्दप्रयोगानंतर होतो. Thanks Roy and Georgina.  आज इथेच थांबू या. पुन्हा भेटू पुढच्या भागात. Bye!

Learn more! 

1)Vague Language
इंग्रजीत जेव्हा आपल्याला सर्वसाधारणपणे बोलण्यायचं असत तेव्हा ढोबळ शब्द वापरतात. बोलण्यात असे शब्द वापरणं गरजेचं असतं. 

2) -ish
 कमी किंवा थोडंस कमी/जास्त  (‘a bit’ or ‘more or less’)असं‘ म्हणण्यासाठी -ish वापरतात.
नुसत एका शब्दात उत्तरं देण्यासाठीही  ish वापरता येतं 

e.g. A) Are you feeling ok? 
       B) Ish.

3)Sort of/Kind of
‘Sort of’ आणि ‘kind of’ म्हणजे थोडंफार  

e.g. He’s sort of tall. (not really tall, nor short)ark.
सरसकटपणे, ढोबळपणे बोलण्यासाठीही याचा वापर  करता येईल.
e.g. A) Do you agree?
       B) Sort of.

4)More or less
‘More or less’  चा अर्थ आहे about म्हणजे कशाबद्दल तरी सांगताना more or less वापरतात

e.g. More or less every flat I have lived in has been very expensive. (Most flats I have lived in were very expensive, but not all of them)
I have more or less finished decorating my bedroom.

उत्तर देताना याचा उपयोग खालीलप्रमाणे होतो.
e.g. A) Have you finished the report?
       B) More or less.

5)That kind/sort of thing
‘That kind/sort of thing’ म्हणजे ...त्या सारखं. वाक्य संपताना याचा वापर करतात. 
e.g. I have bought lots of snack foods for the party – crisps, cakes and that sort of thing.

Can our environment cause us stress?

3 Questions

Choose the correct option.
योग्य उत्तरं निवडा.

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Session Vocabulary

  • Sort of
    त्या प्रकारचं 

    Kind of

    More or less

    That kind of thing
    त्या प्रकारच्या गोष्टी